Spagna eng

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Spagna eng

  1. 1. ETerraced Landscapes: experiences and “goodpractices” in Italy and Europe:SPAINSabina Asins VelisDepartamento de Planificación TerritorialCentro de Investigaciones sobre Desertificación-CSICDepartamento de GeografíaUniversitat de ValènciaLAVORARE IL PAESAGGIOTerrazzamenti e muri a secco tra identità e valoriCembra, Italia, 4 maggio 2013
  2. 2. Indice1/ INTRODUCTION2/ GOOD PRACTICES IN SPAIN2.1/ Terraced Agricultural Areas2.2/ Cultural Heritage3/ Narural and Cultural Risks (Abandonement)4/ Final Remarks
  3. 3. 1/ Introduction
  4. 4. The function of the terraced landscapes in theEuropean agricultural and rural modelIndustrialagricultureCommercialagricultureTerritorialagricultureSPECIALENVIRONMENTAL VALUE1/ INTRODUCTION
  5. 5. TERRITORIALAGRICULTURESocietyEconomyPoliticsEcologySOCIO-ECOLOGICALSYSTEMTerritorial policy of the European Union(social-environmental)1/ INTRODUCTION
  6. 6. OBJECTIVESTO INCLUDE THEM, AMONG OTHERS, IN THESPATIAL PLANNING and RURAL DEVELOPMENT POLICIESTO ANALYSE ENVIRONMENTAL, CULTURAL, SOCIAL AND ECONOMICRISKS DUE TO ABANDONMENTTO IDENTIFY SUCCESSFUL TECHNIQUES AND GOOD PRACTICESCase studiesSOIL AND WATER MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES EVALUATIONHistorical analysis1/ INTRODUCTION
  7. 7. 2/ GOOD PRACTICES IN SPAIN2.1/ TERRACED AGRICULTURAL AREAS, IN PRODUCTION2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGE
  8. 8. 2.1/ TERRACED AGRICULTURAL AREAS, IN PRODUCTIONValencian Community:To preserve activeagriculture in thoseareas in whichtraditional techniquesare functionals, andallow the introduction ofmachineryFoto: S. Asins
  9. 9. Foto: S. Asins
  10. 10. Foto: S. Asins
  11. 11. 2.1/ TERRACED AGRICULTURAL AREAS, IN PRODUCTION“It seems a forest, so well planted of olive-trees”Cavanilles, 1797Foto: S. Asins
  12. 12. 2.1/ TERRACED AGRICULTURAL AREAS, IN PRODUCTIONCatalonia:To combine historical tradition withagricultural products (linkingarchaeological sites with winecommercial marks)Foto: S. Asins
  13. 13. BarcelonaFoto: S. Asins
  14. 14. 2.1/ TERRACED AGRICULTURAL AREAS, IN PRODUCTIONAlmería:Quality marks: “Oil of the Desert”Foto: S. Asins
  15. 15. Balearic Islands:To promote the participation of the privatesector in the recovery and conservation of therural landscape and terraced areasFoto: S. Asins
  16. 16. Foto: S. Asins
  17. 17. Foto: S. Asins
  18. 18. Foto: S. Asins
  19. 19. Foto: S. Asins
  20. 20. 2.1/ TERRACED AGRICULTURAL AREAS, IN PRODUCTIONTo promote knowledge transferbetween generations(EU-Rural Development Plans)Foto: S. Asins
  21. 21. 2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGETo declare Protected Areas in singularlandscapes, historically terracedFoto: S. Asins
  22. 22. 2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGETo aprove laws, linking ruraldevelopment and landscape protection(“Ley de Ordenación del Territorio yProtección del Paisaje de la ComunidadValenciana”)Foto: S. Asins
  23. 23. 2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGETo recover traditional terracedlandscapes to promote rural tourismRural hotel“La Esperanza”,Petrer (Alicante)Foto: Heliodoro
  24. 24. 2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGEFuente: De Pedro (1998)Grau et al., 2004To finance research projects toinvestigate historical terracementsLA LLOMA DE BETXÍ(Paterna,Valencia)Bronze AgeBeginning of theII millennium cal. BC
  25. 25. 2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGERoman terraces: La Sierra de FranciaMain researchers: J. Sánchez Palencia y M. Ruiz del Árbol- CSICFoto: S. Palencia y Ruiz del Árbol
  26. 26. 2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGERoman terraces: Peña Redonda (Villardiegua de la Ribera, Zamora)Main researchers CSIC: Dres. J. Sánchez-Palencia, A. Orejas y M. Ruiz del ÁrbolFotos: S. Palencia, Orejas y Ruiz del Árbol
  27. 27. Foto: J.M. Ruizabedulalamoroblecastañoencina pinoolmoenebrosauce avellanobrezoalisoÉPOCA PRERROMANAÉPOCA ROMANAÉPOCA POSTROMANAÉPOCA PRERROMANAÉPOCA ROMANAÉPOCA POSTROMANAFuente: M. Ruiz del ÁrbolFoto: Palencia y Ruíz del Árbol2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGELaboratory of the Department of Environmental Planning-CIDE
  28. 28. 2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGEFoto: F. JarqueFoto: S. AsinsFoto: S. Asins
  29. 29. 2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGE
  30. 30. 2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGEDibujo: A.J. Cavanilles, 1793
  31. 31. 2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGEFoto: F. Jarque
  32. 32. Fotos: S. Asins2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGE
  33. 33. 2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGEDibujo: J.Mª BernabeFoto: S. Asins
  34. 34. 2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGEFoto: S. AsinsFoto: S. Asins
  35. 35. Foto: S. Asins2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGE
  36. 36. Foto: S. Asins2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGE
  37. 37. Foto: S. Asins2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGE
  38. 38. Foto: Archivo Municipal de Petrer (Alicante)2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGE
  39. 39. Petrer (Alicante), middle of the XX century2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGE
  40. 40. PETRER (ALICANTE)2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGE
  41. 41. Foto: S. Asins2.2/ CULTURAL HERITAGE
  42. 42. 3/ NATURAL AND CULTURAL RISKS(AGRICULTURAL ABANDONMENT)
  43. 43. 3/ RISKS: FOREST FIRESConsequences of agricultural abandonmentFoto: S. Asins
  44. 44. 3/ RISKS: FOREST FIRES
  45. 45. To recover terraced areas in the vicinity of the villages to prevent forest fires:Horizontal and vertical discontinuity (vegetation)Disminish the velocity of fire propagation Security belt (rural villages) Foto: S. A3/ RISKS: FOREST FIRES
  46. 46. Foto: Juan Sánchez3/ RISKS: FOREST FIRES
  47. 47. 3/ RISKS: EROSIONFotos: S. Asins
  48. 48. 3/ RISKS: EROSIONFotos: S. Asins
  49. 49. 3/ RISKS: EROSION
  50. 50. 3/ RISKS: EROSION
  51. 51. 3/ RISKS: CULTURAL HERITAGE LOSSFotos: S. Asins
  52. 52. Foto: S. AsinsFoto: S. Asins3/ RISKS: CULTURAL HERITAGE LOSS
  53. 53. 3/ RISKS: CULTURAL HERITAGE LOSSFotos: S. Asins
  54. 54. Foto: S. Asins3/ RISKS: CULTURAL HERITAGE LOSS
  55. 55. 3/ RISKS: CULTURAL HERITAGE LOSS
  56. 56. 4/ FINAL REMARKS
  57. 57. CASE STUDIES:- Field work- Archives- CartographyFoto: S. AsinsFINAL REMARKS: SPATIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING
  58. 58. Capacidad y Vulnerabilidad1.Capacidad Muy Baja / Vulnerabilidad Alta2.Capacidad Muy Baja / Vulnerabilidad Alta3.Capacidad Baja / Vulnerabilidad Alta4.Capacidad Moderada / Vulnerabilidad Moderada5.Capacidad Elevada / Vulnerabilidad Baja6. Capacidad Baja / Vulnerabilidad Moderada7. Capacidad Muy Baja / Vulnerabilidad AltaFuente: Depto. Planificación Territorial-CIDEFINAL REMARKS: SPATIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNINGFIELD WORK
  59. 59. XVIII CenturyMapa: Archivo del Reino de ValenciaXXI centuryOrtofoto: Instituto Cartográfico ValencianoFINAL REMARKS: SPATIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNINGARCHIVES
  60. 60. Fuente: Archivo Municipal Petrer (Alicante)FINAL REMARKS: SPATIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNINGARCHIVES
  61. 61. Petrer(Alicante)Fuente: Asins y Carrillos, 2009FINAL REMARKS: SPATIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNINGCARTOGRAPHY
  62. 62. EVOLUTION OF THETERRACEDLANDSCAPEPetrer (Alicante)Agricultural area:100% terracedFuente: Asins y Carrillos, 2009FINAL REMARKS: SPATIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNINGCARTOGRAPHY
  63. 63. 0 10 20 30 40 KilometersN###CastellónValenciaAlicanteFuente: Asins, 2009Estimated terraced area(Valencian Community)FINAL REMARKS: SPATIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNINGCARTOGRAPHY
  64. 64. TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGEWORLD BANKICONOGRAPHIC SYSTEMAGRICULTURE AND SOILPROTECTIONFuente: IPOGEAhttp://www.tkwb.orgINCLUSION IN THEDATA BASE OF THEINTERNATIONALORGANISMSFINAL REMARKS: SPATIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING
  65. 65. WATER MANAGEMENTFuente: IPOGEAhttp://www.tkwb.orgFINAL REMARKS: SPATIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING
  66. 66. SOCIAL ASPECTS ANDTERRITORIAL PLANNINGFuente: IPOGEAhttp://www.tkwb.orgFINAL REMARKS: SPATIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING
  67. 67. - To include principles of sustainability in a multisectoralframework (territorial approach and multilevelcollaboration)- Local and regional agents involvement- To promote new relation-ways between rural and urbanareas- Transversal: to be linked with conventions and regulationsas important as: European Landscape Convention, WaterFramework Directive, Rural Development Policies, etc.POLICIESFINAL REMARKS: SPATIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING

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