1Working the Landscape: terraces and dry-stonewalls between identity and valuesAgricultural Value: Mountain Agriculture in the new CommonAgricultural Policy (CAP)dott. ------------------Albiano - May 4, 2013
2Directive 268/75/CEE and sectorallegislation• Directive 268/75/CEE classifies the Autonomous Province of Trento asbeing a disadvantaged mountainous area.• Ever since 1981 (Law 17/1981), and over the following decades (Law 14/92and Law 4/2003), the legislator thought necessary to provide specialmeasures aimed at promoting the economic development of disadvantagedmountainous areas.With respects to such areas, Law 17/81 stated: “The Province implements aspecial aid regime for the agricultural sector, aimed at preservingagricultural activities, maintaining the natural environment intact, a pre-condition for a further consolidation and development of other economicactivities, and for the recovery of marginal resources. Future politicallicensings of economic initiatives in the disadvantaged mountainous areas,shall depend on such initiatives’ likeliness to constitute an element ofsupport - or, contrarily, of damage - for existing agricultural farms”
3Rural Development Plan 2007-2013• Within the current RDP (Rural Development Plan), theProvince has thought necessary to articulate a formaldistinction between Disadvantaged Areas (Mountainous)and Valley Bottom Areas.• A compensatory allowance is granted to farms located inDisadvantaged Areas. The allowance is intended toserve for guarateeing the presence of ana adequatenumber of farms all over the territory.
4CAP and Rural Development Plan 2014-2020• The Planning Cycle 2014-2020 will bring further modifications to theCohesion Policy and Rural Development Framework, both in terms ofpolicies’ goals and overall planning architecture.• The first change has to do with the system of integration between EuropeanRegional Policies (FEASR, FSE, FESR, FEAMP), its ultimate aim being thatof aligning a comprehensive investment strategy to the goals of Europe2020 Strategy.• The CAP regulations’ semplification effort in which the EU has embarked,ultimately entails the definition of common rules between different allowanceschemes (umbrella regulations) within the CAP (new horizontal regulation)Lo sforzo della semplificazione e dell’armonizzazione delle regole della PACimplica regole comuni fra i fondi (regolamento ombrello), and among directsubsidy and benefit system and rural development.• Allowance-specific Strategic Communitarian Orientations (SCOs) will thusdisappear., and so will National Strategic Plans (NSPs). They will bereplaced by two general strategic documents (CSF – Common StrategicFramework, and the PC – Partnership Contract).
7The Goals of Rural Development1. Guarantee the competititveness of theAgricultural Sector.2. To give a contribution to the environmentalprotection.3. To promote environmentally compatiblemethods of agricultural production.Contribuire auno sviluppo equilibrato delle aree ruraliThese goals reflect those of the CAP, and aremade explicit reference to by the “6 Prioritiesfor the EU”
8EU’s priorities for Rural Development (1)1. Increase the trasfer of knowledge and innovation in Agriculture, inthe Forest Sector and in the Rural Areas (so called ‘HorizontalPriority’)– Strengthen innovation and basic skills in rural areas.– Strenghten the links between agriculture and the forest sector in the fields ofresearch and innovation.– Strengthen life-long learning in the fields of agriculture and forest maintenance.2. Increase the competitiveness of every form of Agriculture, as wellas agriculturarl farms’ economic sustainability− Facilitate farms’ recovery processes− Facilitate generational succession within the agricultural sector3. Promote the organization of clusters and risk management inAgriculture− Improve theorganization of farmersinto clusters− Sustain risk management
9EU’s priorities for Rural Development (2)4. Recover, preserve and improve those ecosystems dependent onagricultural and forest maintenance activities– Recover and preserve biodiversity (including Nature 2000 and high-nature valuemanagement systems), as well as landscapes conditions– Improve water management– Improve soil management5. Promote an efficient resource management, favour the transitionto a Low Carbon Economy with lower impact on climate change- Increase irrigation water management efficiency- Increase the Agricultural Sector’s energy consumption, especially with regard s tofood products’ first transformationi- To favour the use of renewable energy sources, of derived products, waste, andother roughagricultural materials- Lower greenhouse gas and methan emissions in agriculture- To favour the elimination of Carbon from agriculture and forests
10EU’s priorities for Rural Development (3)6. To promote social inclusion, povertyreduction, and the economic development ofrural areas– to guarantee the presence of an adequatediversification between agricultural farms– To guarantee the establishment of new farms and thecreation of new jobs– To boost local development in rural areas– To increase access, use and quality of Its throughoutrural areas
11Partnership Contract - Eleven Thematic Goals• 1. To strengthen research, technologic development and innovation.• 2. Grant access to new ICTs• 3. Increase SME’s competitiveness.• 4. Promote a transition towards a low-CO2 production economy• 5. Favour an adaptation to climate change, prevention and risksmanagement.• 6. Safeguard the environment and promote efficient resourceconsumption strategies• 7. Promote sustainable transport systems, eliminate malfunctions inthe main network infrastructures• 8. Increae Occupation and support free-movement of labour• 9. Social inclusion and poverty reduction• 10. Education, skills, and life-long learning• 11. Institutional Capacity building and an efficient publicadministration
14Getting to know the territory• Knowledge of an area is sine qua non condition to formulate andimplement adequate local policies• With the establishment of APPAG (Provincial Agency for Payments)the agricultural sector has achieved a high degree of autonomy fromthe SIAN (National Information System). This made it possible forthe sector to establish its own information system (SIAP), one thatallows a superior availability of territorial datas.• On the basis of terrains’ digital models, the system has been able tomake greater use of information coming from single parcels of land.This information are mostly related to:- Average inclination of the piece of land- Average altitude of the piece of land- Average exposition to the Sun• Moreover, further information related to the location of terraces andvinyards, as well as to their varietal composition, have also beenmade available.