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Berlin (2013)


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Short presentation about the capital of Germany.

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Berlin (2013)

  1. 1. Berlin Short Info
  2. 2. Berlin  Berlin is the capital city of Germany and one of the 16 states of Germany  It is Germany's largest city and is the second most populous city proper and the seventh most populous urban area in the European Union  The nickname of Berlin is the “Grey City”
  3. 3. Geography  Berlin is situated in northeastern Germany  The river Spree flows through the city  It is part of the vast Northern European Plain that stretches from northern France to western Russia  There are many lakes and forests around the city
  4. 4. History  The earliest evidence of settlements in the area of today's Berlin are a wooden beam dated from approximately 1192  In 1539 city became the central site of German Lutheranism  In theThirtyYears’War the city was devastated  In 1701, king Frederick I proclaimed Berlin as the capital city of Prussian Kingdom  In 1806, French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte conquered the city of Berlin
  5. 5. History  The Industrial Revolution transformed Berlin during the 19th century  The city's economy and population expanded dramatically, and it became the main rail hub and economic center of Germany  During the Weimar era, Berlin became internationally renowned as a center of cultural transformation  During WorldWar II, large parts of Berlin were destroyed in the 1943–45 air raids and during the Battle of Berlin  The victorious powers divided the city into four sectors, analogous to the occupation zones into which Germany was divided
  6. 6. History  In 1948, the German Democratic Republic (GDR) was founded  East Germany proclaimed East Berlin (described as "Berlin") as its capital  On 13 August 1961, East Germany began the building of the BerlinWall between East andWest Berlin and similar barriers around West Berlin  The BerlinWall fell on 9 November 1989 and was subsequently mostly demolished, with little of its physical structure remaining today  On 3 October 1990, the two parts of Germany were reunified as the Federal Republic of Germany, and Berlin again became the official German capital
  7. 7. Population  As of 31 December 2011, the city-state of Berlin had a population of 3.5 million registered inhabitants  In December 2010, 457,806 residents (13.5% of the population) were of foreign nationality, originating from 190 different countries  There are 101 061Turks in the city and 10 025 Croats
  8. 8. Transport  A total of 979 bridges cross 197 kilometers of inner- city waterways  5,334 kilometers of roads run through Berlin, of which 73 kilometers are motorways (“Autobahn”)  Long-distance rail lines connect Berlin with all of the major cities of Germany and with many cities in neighboring European countries  Regional rail lines provide access to the surrounding regions of Brandenburg and to the Baltic Sea  There are also two commercial airports in the city  The citizens of Berlin are more likely to use bike than a car
  9. 9. Sport  Berlin has established a high-profile reputation as a host city of international sporting events  Berlin hosted the 1936 Olympics and was the host city for the 2006 FIFAWorld Cup Final  The IAAF World Championships in Athletics were held in the Olympiastadion in August 2009  The annual Berlin Marathon and the annual ÅF Golden League event are also held here  The FIVBWorldTour has chosen an inner-city site near Alexanderplatz to present a beach volleyball Grand Slam every year
  10. 10. MainSights  Branderburg Gate  BerlinTVTower (Fernsehenturm)  Reichstag  Berlin Catherdral (Dom)  Alexanderplatz  Olympic Stadium  Section of BerlinWall  Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe
  11. 11. Branderburg Gate
  12. 12. Fernsehenturm
  13. 13. Reichstag
  14. 14. Berlin Cathedral
  15. 15. Alexanderplatz
  16. 16. Olympic Stadium
  17. 17. Section of BerlinWall
  18. 18. Memorial to the Murdered Jews in Europe
  19. 19. END