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Grasping AI systems

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Our paper handles the disconnect between the sophisticated digital systems and the experience of them.
In particular, we focus on the new artificial intelligence systems that are being brought into many fields of society -including education.

Moreover, we are hoping to broaden the conversation around how such technologies shape the whole discourse around them.
What we mean is that we are (not only) interested on the meaning of those systems, but also how those systems have such a strong gravitational pull, that we might be missing some basic critical questions around them.

In other words, in this paper we discuss how AI-systems could be grasped, that is, understood without the technical knowledge of the AI-systems.

Published in: Education
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Grasping AI systems

  1. 1. Grasping Aisystems Dr. Tomi Dufva Aalto-University, School of Arts, Design & Architecture tomi.dufva@aalto.fi tomidufva Dr. Mikko Dufva The Finnish Innovation Fund Sitra mdufva
  2. 2. https://spectrum.ieee.org/cars-that-think/transportation/human-factors/deep-learning- and-google-street-view-can-predict-neighborhood-politics-from-parked-cars
  3. 3. AI reads minds https://www.cnbc.com/2018/01/08/japanese-scientists-use-artificial-intelligence-to-decode- thoughts.html
  4. 4. https://nordic.businessinsider.com/china-school-facial-recognition-technology-2018-5? r=US&IR=T
  5. 5. Tea party with bots
  6. 6. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/10/technology/alexa-siri-hidden-command-audio- attacks.html
  7. 7. Not seeing anything intelligible is the new normal. -Hito Steyerl Picture from the Snowden files https://www.e-flux.com/journal/a-sea-of-data-apophenia-and-pattern-mis-recognition/
  8. 8. Weak (Narrow) Artificial Intelligence - AI that is not conscious. Limited abilities. ——— Strong Artificial Intelligence, General Artificial Intelligence (AGI) - Hypotethical machine, capable of solving any problem. ——— Super Artificial Intelligence - The developed version of AGI, which intelligence surpasses everything. Singularity.
  9. 9. Turing test and AI Here, at the inaugural moment of the computer age, the erasure of embodiment is performed so that "intelligence" becomes a property of the formal manipulation of symbols rather than enaction in the human lifeworld ” -Hayles, 1999
  10. 10. there is no intelligence in artificial intelligence nor does it really learn, even though it's technical name is machine learning it is simply mathematical minimisation McQuillan: http://www.danmcquillan.io/ algorithmic_humanitarianism.html
  11. 11. Corporeality of Artificial Intelligence digi-grasping defines such skills that can not be measured in more common digital talents, such as code skills, software skills, electronic skills. Digi-grasping can thus be used to measure and express such knowledge of digital being that could be hard to do otherwise. Dufva & Dufva: GRASPING THE FUTURE OF THE DIGITAL SOCIETY, accepted manuscript, Futures-journal
  12. 12. Awareness
  13. 13. James Bridle: Autonomous Trap 001
  14. 14. Images produced by Google’s BigGan algorithm
  15. 15. Challenging
  16. 16. Janelle Shane: Do neural nets dream of electric sheep
  17. 17. Janelle Shane: Visual Chatbot
  18. 18. Creating
  19. 19. Kris Ligman: You are Jezz Bezos. https://direkris.itch.io/you-are-jeff-bezos
  20. 20. Student work at media pedagogy course, Aalto ARTS 2018
  21. 21. Skills are hard to articulate, but easier to experience
  22. 22. "Beware of used and disowned futures" Sohail Inayatullah:  https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/10.1108/14636680810855991  Used future: "Have you purchased a used future? Is your image of the future, your desired future, yours or is it unconsciously borrowed from someone else?” Disowned future: "It is the self disowned, the future pushed away, that comes back to haunt us."
  23. 23. Thank you! Dr. Tomi Dufva Aalto-University, School of Arts, Design & Architecture tomi.dufva@aalto.fi tomidufva Dr. Mikko Dufva The Finnish Innovation Fund Sitra mdufva

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