By: Tomas Molina & Rafaella Bermeo
O Intellectual property is the creations people
developed using their minds, like inventions, literary
works or images.
O It is divided into 2 categories: Industrial property and
O Industrial property are things such as inventions,
trademarks or industrial designs.
O Copyright are things such as novels, musical works,
sculptures or architectural designs.
O Copyright is a legal term, used to describe rights
creators have for their literary and artistic works.
O Copyright is very important, as it respects the
intellectual rights the creators have, rewards their
creativity, is of legal mandate and shows what proper
behavior for teacher and students should be.
O Copyright covers: novels, poems, plays, reference
works, newspapers, computer programs,
databases, movies, musical compositions,
choreography, paintings, drawings, photographs,
sculpture, architecture, advertisements, maps and
O It does not cover: ideas, facts, recipes, blank forms,
stock literary devices, works lacking originality,
names, titles or short phrases and works from the
O In a literary work, copyright lasts during the author's
lifetime, and 50 years after it.
O For films, it lasts 50 years, as well as for sound
O And for typographical arrangements of published
editions it lasts 25 years.
Ethics and WIPO
O Ethics is a branch of philosophy, in which morality is
O WIPO is an agency of the UN, which developed a balanced
and accessible international intellectual property, in which
creativity is rewarded, innovation promoted and economic
development is contributed.
O It was stablished in 1967 by a mandate from its Member
states to promote the protection of intellectual property. Its
headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland, and is director is
What happens after copyright
O You are now probably wondering what happens
after the copyright expires. Does the work get lost?
Do the rights transfer to someone else?
O The answer is very simple: when a copyright
expires, the work will pass to be a public domain,
meaning that now it is available for anyone that
wishes to use it, copy it or reproduce it.
O For example, have you ever noticed how works by
Shakespeare are published by a lot of companies,
or that classical music is used everywhere, this is
Strategic goals of wipo
Some of their main goals are:
O Balanced Evolution of the International
Normative Framework for IP
O Facilitating the Use of IP for Development
O World Reference Source for IP Information
O Adressing IP in Relation to Global Policy
O An Efficient Administrative and Financial
Support Structure to Enable WIPO to deliver
World Intellectual day
O What is fair use?
O It gives users conional permission so
users can use copyrighted materials, it
also protects freedom of speech,
promotes public benefits and it applies to
al types of media.
O It exists 4 factors of fair use: Purpose,
Nature, Amount and Effect
The 4 Factors of Fair Use
The key question in this factor is: How are you using the work?
You have to evaluate the works purpose in your lesson plans
The key word in Nature is: Some Works are worth of more
copyright tan others
Using factual works its better than using fictional works
Using published works is better than using unpublished
The key word of amount: is the portion and amount
of the work is used according to the purpose.
You have to evaluate how much percentage of the
work is used
You also have to evaluate the key values of the work
The key word of effect is: Will the work be beneficial
for you or it will not be
You have to evaluate if your use will not benefit the
You will have to evaluate if you will benefit of the
The fair use excuse
Never think that your use is the exception of
The saving money is not an excuse
Laziness can be a trap and will not benefit you in