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Intellectual property in cyberspace

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Intellectual property in cyberspace

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Intellectual property in cyberspace

  1. 1. Intellectual Property in Cyberspace By: Tomas Molina & Rafaella Bermeo
  2. 2. Intellectual Property O Intellectual property is the creations people developed using their minds, like inventions, literary works or images. O It is divided into 2 categories: Industrial property and copyright. O Industrial property are things such as inventions, trademarks or industrial designs. O Copyright are things such as novels, musical works, sculptures or architectural designs.
  3. 3. Copyright O Copyright is a legal term, used to describe rights creators have for their literary and artistic works. O Copyright is very important, as it respects the intellectual rights the creators have, rewards their creativity, is of legal mandate and shows what proper behavior for teacher and students should be.
  4. 4. Copyright Coverage O Copyright covers: novels, poems, plays, reference works, newspapers, computer programs, databases, movies, musical compositions, choreography, paintings, drawings, photographs, sculpture, architecture, advertisements, maps and technical drawings. O It does not cover: ideas, facts, recipes, blank forms, stock literary devices, works lacking originality, names, titles or short phrases and works from the federal government.
  5. 5. Copyright Duration O In a literary work, copyright lasts during the author's lifetime, and 50 years after it. O For films, it lasts 50 years, as well as for sound recordings. O And for typographical arrangements of published editions it lasts 25 years.
  6. 6. Ethics and WIPO O Ethics is a branch of philosophy, in which morality is questioned. O WIPO is an agency of the UN, which developed a balanced and accessible international intellectual property, in which creativity is rewarded, innovation promoted and economic development is contributed. O It was stablished in 1967 by a mandate from its Member states to promote the protection of intellectual property. Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland, and is director is Francis Gurry.
  7. 7. What happens after copyright expires? O You are now probably wondering what happens after the copyright expires. Does the work get lost? Do the rights transfer to someone else? O The answer is very simple: when a copyright expires, the work will pass to be a public domain, meaning that now it is available for anyone that wishes to use it, copy it or reproduce it. O For example, have you ever noticed how works by Shakespeare are published by a lot of companies, or that classical music is used everywhere, this is why.
  8. 8. Strategic goals of wipo Some of their main goals are: O Balanced Evolution of the International Normative Framework for IP O Facilitating the Use of IP for Development O World Reference Source for IP Information and Analysis O Adressing IP in Relation to Global Policy Issues O An Efficient Administrative and Financial Support Structure to Enable WIPO to deliver its programs
  9. 9. World Intellectual day O What is fair use? O It gives users conional permission so users can use copyrighted materials, it also protects freedom of speech, promotes public benefits and it applies to al types of media. O It exists 4 factors of fair use: Purpose, Nature, Amount and Effect
  10. 10. The 4 Factors of Fair Use 1. Purpose The key question in this factor is: How are you using the work? You have to evaluate the works purpose in your lesson plans 2. Nature The key word in Nature is: Some Works are worth of more copyright tan others Using factual works its better than using fictional works Using published works is better than using unpublished works
  11. 11. 3. Amount The key word of amount: is the portion and amount of the work is used according to the purpose. You have to evaluate how much percentage of the work is used You also have to evaluate the key values of the work 4. Effect The key word of effect is: Will the work be beneficial for you or it will not be You have to evaluate if your use will not benefit the creator You will have to evaluate if you will benefit of the creators work
  12. 12. The fair use excuse Never think that your use is the exception of the excuse The saving money is not an excuse Laziness can be a trap and will not benefit you in the future
  13. 13. THANK YOU
  14. 14. Bibliography O UK Service, (2015). Common questions about copyrights. Copyrightservice.co.uk. Retrieved 17 December 2015, from https://www.copyrightservice.co.uk/copyright/questi ons

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