Home Inspections 101


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Methodology, Standards and Environmental Issues

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  • Buyer – Single family dwelling, condo, manufactured home (mobile home) duplex, multi-family (6 to 8 units)
  • Brochure
  • Should a New Home be inspected? When signing and/or at warranty.
  • General Practitioner Deal Breaker????? 1. 80K Structural – still bought 2. One realtor complaint
  • Client or Realtor can make arrangements – pre-coordinate schedules Who will be at the inspection and for how Long ??? MLS or finished square footage and age YOUR responsibility to make sure the utilities are on!!!!!!!
  • Inspection Confirmation e-mail – AFTER arrangements with LA
  • Educational opportunity but don’t shadow (client management) Inspect Exterior, walk around Inspect Interior, walk through Check windows
  • PDF posted to my web page, I send you and the client the link. Hardcopy – mail or drop off Build in enough time before the Inspection Objection deadline
  • ASHI vs. NACHI
  • No tool box in my vehicle. other buildings: electricity? Quoted? Cosmetic - $200 Permanent? – washer and dryer, refrigerator move items –break grandma’s hummle collection, Kylle Knudsen Turn water on – 2 stories
  • The house, not the grounds unless…. No sprinkler systems REPRESENTATIVE number of windows, electrical
  • Not visible? Comfort the client Areas where water damage is present can provide conditions that are conducive for molds to form. Some molds can be hazardous to human health. Further testing by a certified environmental specialist or lab to determine if water damaged areas contain toxic molds is recommended. A certified environmental remediation specialist should perform removal of any mold-infected areas if toxic mold is found. Proper removal of materials by qualified individuals is necessary to avoid spreading mold spores throughout the interior of the structure.
  • Real Estate vs. occupant testing
  • Home Inspections 101

    1. 1. Tom Yeager Owner/Certified Inspector NEHA Radon Measurement Cert. # 104169 RT 303-464-9090 www.tyeagerinspects.com
    2. 2. The Home Inspection Methodology, Standards and Environmental Issues
    3. 3. Overview <ul><li>Types of Inspections </li></ul><ul><li>The Inspect-It 1 st Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Inspection Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Concerns </li></ul>
    4. 4. Types of Inspections <ul><li>? </li></ul><ul><li>? </li></ul><ul><li>? </li></ul>
    5. 5. Types of Inspections <ul><li>Buyer </li></ul>
    6. 6. Types of Inspections <ul><li>Buyer </li></ul><ul><li>Seller (The Listing Inspection) </li></ul>
    7. 7. Types of Inspections <ul><li>Buyer </li></ul><ul><li>Seller (The Listing Inspection) </li></ul><ul><li>Warranty </li></ul>
    8. 8. What to look for in an Inspector <ul><li>Certifications </li></ul><ul><li>Experience </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiators – warranties, communication skills, good looking, cool vehicle </li></ul>
    9. 10. Responsibilities <ul><li>What an Inspector does </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Observe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Report </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What a Realtor does </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interprets the findings to the client’s needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilities on, components operational, areas accessible </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. Methodology What happens when I get a call? <ul><li>Who is calling? </li></ul><ul><li>What information do I need? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MLS # (Finished Sq Ft and age) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pricing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone’s name (SP), number and e-mail </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who is making LA arrangements? </li></ul>
    11. 12. Methodology What happens when I get off the phone? <ul><li>Inspection Confirmation e-mail </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement </li></ul>
    12. 13. Methodology What happens at the Inspection? <ul><li>Agreement explained and signed </li></ul><ul><li>Inspect to Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Walk through and summaries </li></ul><ul><li>Payment </li></ul>
    13. 14. Methodology What happens after the Inspection? <ul><li>Report compilation (24 hours) and delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Your decisions </li></ul>
    14. 15. Inspection Standards <ul><li>Colorado does not require home inspectors to be licensed </li></ul><ul><li>I follow NACHI Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.nachi.org </li></ul></ul>
    15. 16. Purpose and Scope <ul><li>Provide client with better understanding of property conditions </li></ul><ul><li>As observed at the time of the inspection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Readily accessible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Installed systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Installed components </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Submit written report </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe systems and components </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify systems and components in need of major repair </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify systems and components that need further evaluation </li></ul></ul>
    16. 17. Limitations and Exclusions <ul><li>Visual, not technically exhaustive </li></ul><ul><li>Will not identify concealed conditions or latent defects </li></ul><ul><li>Applies to buildings with 4 or less dwelling units and their garages or carports </li></ul><ul><li>Not required to report on: life expectancy, causes, costs, suitability, code compliance, market value, pests, items not permanently installed </li></ul><ul><li>Not required to offer: warranties, guarantees, engineering calculations </li></ul><ul><li>Not required to: operate any shutdown components, operate components that don’t respond to normal controls, move items , disturb insulation, access unsafe areas. </li></ul>
    17. 18. Systems to be Reviewed <ul><li>Roof </li></ul><ul><li>Exterior </li></ul><ul><li>Basement, Foundation, Crawlspace & Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Heating </li></ul><ul><li>Cooling </li></ul><ul><li>Plumbing </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical </li></ul><ul><li>Fireplace </li></ul><ul><li>Attic & Insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Doors, Windows & Interior </li></ul>
    18. 20. Environmental Issues <ul><li>Radon </li></ul><ul><li>Mold </li></ul><ul><li>(Lead Paint) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Painted surfaces on older structures may contain lead paint. Testing paint chips by a certified lab or qualified environmental professional is necessary to confirm if the older paint actually contains lead. As a general rule, lead paint is particularly hazardous to teething babies who may ingest the paint chips and caution should be exercised if children are in the home. More information regarding hazard risk with lead paint is available from the Environmental Protection Agency. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(Asbestos) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reporting indications of components with asbestos-like materials requires further testing by a certified lab or qualified environmental professional to confirm if the material actually contains asbestos. More information regarding health risk while breathing airborne asbestos particles is available from the Environmental Protection Agency. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(Meth labs) </li></ul>
    19. 21. Mold <ul><li>www.epa.gov/mold/ </li></ul><ul><li>Is sampling/testing for mold necessary? </li></ul><ul><li>In most cases, if visible mold growth is present, sampling is unnecessary.   Since no EPA or other federal limits have been set for mold or mold spores, sampling cannot be used to check a building's compliance with federal mold standards.  Surface sampling may be useful to determine if an area has been adequately cleaned or remediated.  Sampling for mold should be conducted by professionals who have specific experience in designing  mold sampling protocols, sampling methods, and interpreting results.  Sample analysis should follow analytical methods recommended by the American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA), the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), or other professional organizations. </li></ul>
    20. 22. Radon <ul><li>Radioactive gas, Class A Carcinogen </li></ul><ul><li>Causes Lung Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for 21,000 deaths per year (more than drunk driving) </li></ul><ul><li>Should YOUR client get a Radon test? </li></ul><ul><li>Are you educated? </li></ul>