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  1. 1. Formatted: Centered “Save the essay” Essa-viours Tom Dunn – Project Manager Aaron Caisley – Research Joe Daly – Content CreationElla Scriven – Presentation and Design Formatted: Font: 14 pt Formatted: Left, Right: 0 cm, Space Before: 0 pt, After: 0 pt, Line spacing: single 1
  2. 2. Using two examples from the genre of horror examine what a Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 13 pt, Bold„classic horror‟ film is. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 pt Formatted: Indent: First line: 1.27 cm The horror genre is one of the most popular Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12genres within the film industry, and we may say that it pt, Expanded by 2 pthas started to developing practically immediately with Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 ptthe developmentrise of show business and a free Formatted ..accessexposure of wide audiences to filmcinemas andtelevision. We can find a lot of causes ofThere are Formatted ..several reasons for the popularity of this genre but it Formatted ..is still not so easyfairly hard to explain its Formatted ..phenomenon, namely why it is so attractive for people Formatted ..despite all its unrealitistic contenty. However, it would Formatted ..be wrong a great mistake to say that horror movies Formatted ..are plain or even simplistic or primitive. Naturally, Formatted ..there are some movies which are really so Formatted ..stereotyped, unbearably plain, and absolutely Comment [T1]: We believed it best to ..thoughtless. But in my opinion, it is simply exclusionor films that were created by specialists who are far Formatted ..from real moviemaking and they can create nothing but Formatted ..films of low quality regardless its genre. Also I‟d say Formatted ..that as any other type of branch of art cinema has its Formatted ..genius and its mediocre mediocrity it is evident that, Formatted ..regardless of genre, majority because good films Formatted ..require may be created only by a good crew. and the Formatted ..genre is not so important. Among such genius of Formatted ..cinema I would name the crews that worked on two Two Formatted ..films of horror genre which are representative of this Formattedare, they are “Invasion of Body Snatchers” and “The ..Thing”. I said crews not because I do not want to Formatted ..agree with those who believe that Donald Siegel and Comment [T2]: We believed this ..John Carpenter were outstanding directors, on the Formatted ..contrary I am glad that people who worked on these Formatted ..two films were led by such well -qualified Formatted ..professionals.this supports the notion that to create a Formatted ..classic horror film, you need a good crew as well as a Formatted ..good director. With Siegel and Carpenter at the helm Formatted ..this was achieved with „Invasion of the Body Comment [T3]: Opinion, therefore ..Snatchers‟ and „The Thing‟. So, we may say that Formatted“Invasion of the Body SnatchersSo Invasion of the ..Body Snatchers” and “The Thing” are classics of the Formatted ..horror genre, and the best ones. bBut what I would Formatted ..like to analysze is the reason why they are treated as Formatted ..such and in which ways they are similar or different . Formatted .. Formatted .. First of all, it is necessary to say mention that Formatted ..these two films were created at different time s. Formatted ..“Invasion of the Body SnatchersInvasion of the Body Formatted .. 2
  3. 3. Snatchers” was created in the middle 1950s, more Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 ptprecisely in 1956, whereas The Thing was created in Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 121982. Despite 26 years of difference between the two pt, Expanded by 2 ptfilms being made,. It seems that such time difference Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12should make the films completely different but, pt, Expanded by 2 ptstrangely enough, they have a lot of common Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12featuresaspects. That is why at the beginning I would pt, Expanded by 2 ptlike to dwell upon similarities of both films. First of Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12all, we may say that, to a certain extent, the them es pt, Expanded by 2 ptaree is close. Both films focus on the problem of the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 ptinvasion of human or just alive bodiesstoryline revolvearound the concept of an alien by some aliens Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 ptthatinvasion. These aliens tends to control the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12personality, the hosts actions judgments, etc. In the pt, Italic, Expanded by 2 ptcase of “Invasion of the Body Snatchers Invasion of the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12Body Snatchers”, we deal with creatures that have pt, Expanded by 2 pt“has “to wait for the perfect moment when the target is Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12asleep), and spend the next few hours consuming and pt, Expanded by 2 pttaking on that form. If the host wakes up when the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 ptprocess is not complete, the whole procedure is afailure” (LeGacey 1978:p.288). On the other hand, in Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 ptTthe Tthing, the alien life form needs but just a few Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12minutes to do the same thing it because “it can pt, Expanded by 2 ptassimilate the host while itsit‟s still conscious, against Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12the host‟s will” (Landon 19923:p. 39). Probably such pt, Expanded by 2 ptchanges are caused by the changes of time or epoch. Formatted: Font: ItalicIt is obvious that the rhythm of life in 1980s was much Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12faster than in 1950s, certainly it found its expression pt, Italic, Expanded by 2 ptin the perception of the idea of possible alien assault Formatted: Font: Italicor attempts to invade human minds. It can be inferred Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12from this that in the 1980‟s, science fiction and horror pt, Italic, Expanded by 2 pthad been far more prevalent in popular culture than it Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12had been in the 50‟s, thus the concept of an alien pt, Expanded by 2 ptinvading a conscious host would be far more Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 ptfrightening for an audience that had already been Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12exposed to a similar story in Invasion of the Body pt, Expanded by 2 ptSnatchers. Formatted .. Formatted .. By the way, I think that Bboth films express the Formatted ..trend that took place in the societyrepresent theideologies of their societies at the date of release, in Comment [T4]: It is unclear what ..that when the idea of total control of a human mind Formatted ..became more and more widely spreadwas prevalent Formatted ..among film .plots. This means that the social, political Formatted ..and economic values of the time are mirrored in these Formatted ..aspects of the film. It means that sym bolically by Formatted ..aliens creators of the films tried to imply those powers Formatted ..either political or economical that by different means Formatted ..aimed at the total control of public conscious through Comment [T5]: We decided to re- ..the invasion of the mind of a separate individual . It Formatted .. 3
  4. 4. was quite actual if we take into account if we take into Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12consideration the time when both films were released pt, Expanded by 2 ptIf we take into consideration the times when both films Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12were released,, 1952 it was the year of the beginning pt, Expanded by 2 ptof the cold war when a time in which the tension Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 ptbetween the well-developed democratic world and thecommunistic Soviet Union grew peaked and the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 ptgovernments of many countries, including the most Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12democraticmany democratic governments began to lose pt, Expanded by 2 ptcontrol of their people, had started to struggle for the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12control of public opinion and even each particular pt, Expanded by 2 ptindividual. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 pt At the same timeOn the other hand, 1982 was Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 pttowards the end of the Cold W ar, it was a period whenthe cold war achieved its apologe and the world was Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 pton the eve of the Reagans declaration of the war on Formatted ..the „empire of evil‟ when the situation was very Formatted ..resembling to that of early 1950s. Furthermore, whenthe degree of surveillance surveillance levels grew Formatted ..and specialists began to spoke about the discuss the Formatted ..total control of certain organizations over people. Formatted ..Similarly, these themes of control are represented Formatted ..through films of the horror genre. In such a situation Formatted ..the people transformed in pods in the horror films I‟ve Formatted ..just named look like a prophecy and warnin g against Formatted ..such dangerous practice.One more thing that makes Formatted ..“Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing” quite Formatted ..different is the degree of combination of reality and Formatted ..unreality as I would call it. Another difference betweenthe two films is that In my opinion, at this point “The Formatted ..Thing” is a far much more radical film thing in the Formatted ..sense that the film isit is full of fantastic elements, Formatted ..and the state of paranoia overwhelms audience s and Formatted ..keeps people in such a state during the whole Formatted ..filmretains this level of attention throughout. Formatted .. Formatted .. On the other hand, in “Invasion of the Body Formatted ..SnatchersInvasion of the Body Snatchers ”, it is quite Formatted ..difficult to distinguish whether what we see is real orfakeunreal. Personally, when I watched both films I Formatted ..hadW hen watching both films, there is confusion over Formatted ..the a permanent doubt in the mental health of its their Formatted ..main characters, it was quite difficult to say whether it Formatted ..was something really unusual,unusual or extraordinary Comment [T6]: The marker would not ..things that happens to people in the city, or if it was a Formatted ..simple hallucination, illusion, or just a nightmare . and Formatted ..only at the end it becomes clear that the whole city Formatted: Font: Italicwas really transformed in pods people. W hereas in Formatted ..“The Thiang” it is evident practically from the very Formatted .. 4
  5. 5. beginning. that Eeveryone realizes that the characters Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 ptact in an unrealistic way, unreal situation theyas theyreally confront some aliens that intend to control their Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 ptbodies and their minds. Probably, the cause of such a Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12difference lies in the history of the origin of the films,. pt, Expanded by 2 ptForfor we know that “Invasion of the Body Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12SatchersSnatchers” was significantly influenced by pt, Expanded by 2 ptprecedingproceeding films noir films and novels that Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12tended to be externalised by the moral conflict of the pt, Expanded by 2 ptdetective story. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 pt Such films inhabit “shadow worlds and hover Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic, Expanded by 2 ptwithout resolve between the supernatural and mundane Formatted: Font: Italicrationalism. In the same sense “Invasion of the Body Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12SnatchersInvasion of the Body Snatchers ” and the pt, Italic, Expanded by 2 ptother alien takeover films… psychologically Formatted ..externalised the central conflict of the alien invader Formatted ..film – they were less films about aliens than they were Formattedabout alienation”i (Biskindg 1983 PPp.139). However ..Despite this the director tries to keep us in suspense Formatted ..for a while and inrushes laces the film with Formatted ..rationalism and realism but when the nightmare Formatted ..becomes the reality, he widely uses film noir Formatted ..techniques such as; shots down tight corridors, Formatted ..silhouettes running against streetlights, close ups on Formatted ..sweaty faces, and tilted angles. Formatted .. Formatted .. Though he does not forget about classical horror Formatted ..films scenes such as “shots up from under the plank Formatted ..under which McCarthy and W inter hide, with the podpeople crossing calmly assuring them there is nothing Formatted ..to fear, the wide-angled shots out of the office window Formatted ..down onto the public square, which becomes Formatted ..inexplicably frightening the moment all visitors are Formatted ..cleared and the bustle of everyday chaos suddenly Formatted ..turns into something ordered and people start Formatted ..organizing the pods to be distributed about the Formatted ..country” (Biaskind 1983:p.141). W hereas in “The Formatted ..Thing” its creatorscrew used the experience of past Formatted ..works in the field of horror films and I would say whichmakes this film isa purer horror in the sense that the Formatted ..psychological tension here is weakened by a certain Formatted ..simplification, due to which we should not guess Formatted ..whether it is a kind of psychological problem s of the Formatted ..characters, or a paranormal phenomenon for the latter , Formatted ..which is quite obvious. Formatted .. Formatted .. Also I want to add that “The Thing” is much richer Formatted ..has a much greater wealth in special effects, Formatted ..particularly when we see victims of aliens who Formatted .. 5
  6. 6. “transform into twisted versions of themselves, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12complete with claws, spider-like limbs, teeth and lots pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,of flailing tentacles” (Landon 199 23:p.36). And a Expanded by 2 ptAgain, this is due to the technological advances in Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12special effects which had improved significantly from pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript, Expanded by 2 ptthe technology and techniques available in the 1950‟s. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12I think that is the result of time changes because in pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,1980s due to the development of computer Expanded by 2 pttechnologies and more sophisticated technical Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12equipment impressive These constant advances in pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript, Expanded by 2 pttechnology meant that special effects became an Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12essential part of any good horror film in the 1980‟s, pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,pretending to be interesting and popular . wW hereas, in Expanded by 2 ptthe 1950‟s, not only technical opportunities were not Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12so good but the tradition of film shooting was a bit pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript, Expanded by 2 ptdifferent. Mmore attention was usually given to thepsychological side and could only be enforced by Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,special effects which were not very „special‟ though in Expanded by 2 ptcomparison with the technology of the 1980s. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript, Expanded by 2 pt As for some more similarities of bothAnothersimilarity between, “Invasion of the Body Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,SnatchersInvasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Expanded by 2 ptThing”, we may find not only theme and probably idea Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12of the film but alsoalso is seen through the pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript, Expanded by 2 ptatmosphere of films. It is reinforced by the reigningatmosphere of tension, even paranoia that makes us Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,forget about the unreality of the events and deep into Expanded by 2 ptthe action. It is obvious that creators of these films Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12had similar aims. As I have already said these films pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript, Expanded by 2 ptdeals with the an alien intrusion into human life, intohuman body, mind and consciousness. These films Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,also may serve as a warning about the danger of such Expanded by 2 pta situation, of a total control of human consciousness Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12when people becom e pods but not thinking beings. pt, Expanded by 2 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript, Expanded by 2 pt Formatted: Indent: First line: 1.27 cm, Right: 0.5 cm Formatted ..As I have already said these films deals with the alien Formatted ..intrusion into human life, into human body, min d and Formatted ..consciousness. These films also may serve as a Formatted ..warning about the danger of such a situation, of atotal control of human consciousness when people Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 ptbecome pods but not thinking beings. Formatted .. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12It is reinforced by the reigning atmosphere of tension, pt, Expanded by 2 pteven paranoia that makes us forget about the unreality Formatted .. Formatted: Right: 0.5 cm 6
  7. 7. of the events and deep into the action. It is obvious Comment [T7]: We felt that thisthat creators of these films had similar aims. section was out of place so we rearranged it to make sense and support what the writer was trying to Finally, I would like to add a few words about the voice.way of alien invasion.It the alien invasion may be a Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 ptbit different by its form but the principle of such Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12invasion remains similar. This means that certainly pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,aliens in “Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Expanded by 2 ptThing” act differently, as earlier discovered the latter Formatted: Indent: First line: 1.27act rapidly without human will and they can act in any cm, Right: 0.5 cmtime, while the former are quite long reacted beings, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12they cannot attack men only if they are not asleep. pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript, Expanded by 2 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript, Expanded by 2 ptIt may be a bit different by its form but the principle of Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 ptsuch invasion remains similar. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,What I mean is the fact that certainly aliens in Expanded by 2 pt“Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing” act Formatted: Right: 0.5 cmdifferently, I have already menti oned that the latter act Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12rapidly without human will and they can act in any time pt, Expanded by 2 ptwhile the former are quite long reacted beings, they Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12cannot attack men only if they are not asleep. pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript, Expanded by 2 pt Formatted: Indent: First line: 1.27 But Yet we see that there is one common cmprinciple for the aliens in these this films, attack from Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12inside., I mean tWe see this through how they want to pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,invade human bodies and minds but not their land , or Expanded by 2 ptproperty, and they do not threat directly threatento Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,their physical wealth. It seems that human inner Expanded by 2 ptworldEarth is much more important for them than Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12anything else because they try to control human‟s pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,memory, and consequently our feelings, emotions, our Expanded by 2 ptstate of mind, perception of the world, our present and Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,our past. Moreover, they “have access to the being‟s Expanded by 2 ptmemories, allowing them to blend in almost perfectly Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12without being detected by future target hosts who may pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,know the person who has now been replaced by these Expanded by 2 pth o r r i b l e a l i e n c r e a t u r e s ” ii . T h u s , w e s e e t h a t u n l i k e Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,many other films about alien invasion “ Invasion of the Expanded by 2 ptBody SnatchersInvasion of the Body Snatchers” and Formatted ..“The Thing” pay much more attention to the inner Formatted ..world of people, implying the spiritual emptiness that Formatted ..threatens to the people of the 20th century. because in Formatted ..my opinion Tthe aliens symbolisze all thosecomplicated processes that took place in our society in Comment [T8]: After reading through Gregory‟s “The Pod Society versus the ..the 20th century and still continues to exist and that Formatted: English (United Kingdom) 7
  8. 8. lead to moral degradation of people to theirtransformation into pods. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript, Expanded by 2 pt Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 ptr e p l a c e d b y t h e s e h o r r i b l e a l i e n c r e a t u r e s ” iii. T h u s , w e Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12see that unlike many other films about alien invasion pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,“Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing” pay Expanded by 2 ptmuch more attention to the inner world of people, Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Expanded by 2 ptimplying the spiritual emptiness that threatens to the Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12people of the 20th century because in my opinion the pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,aliens symbolize all those complicated processes that Expanded by 2 pttook place in our society in the 20th century and still Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12continues to exist and that lead to moral degradation pt, Expanded by 2 ptof people to their transformation into pods. Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript, Expanded by 2 pt Taking everything into account all above Formatted: Indent: First line: 1.27mentioned, Ione can come to the conclusion that cm“Invasion of the Body SnatchersInvasion of the Body Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12Snatchers” and “The Thing” are real masterpieces of pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,the horror genre and we have perceive them not only Expanded by 2 ptin the proper sense but we should also realize what Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,the creators of these films implied. In my paper I have Expanded by 2 ptnamed a lot of things that are either that have as many Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12differences as similarities or different yet both were pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,and in these films but what is the most important is Expanded by 2 ptthe fact that they both were and remain extremely Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12 pt, Italic, Not Superscript/ Subscript,popular in the horror genre.. and the film that would Expanded by 2 ptbe better than them can be hardly imagined. One of Formatted: Font: (Default) Arial, 12the eEvidences of thismy idea is the fact that there pt, Not Superscript/ Subscript,are numerous remakes of these films that show us how Expanded by 2 ptthey are the benchmarks to which the horror genre Formatted ..aspires to , in its turn, tells us about the actuality of Formatted ..the plot, themes and ideas conveyed with the help of Formatted ..“Invasion of the Body Snatchers” and “The Thing”. Formatted ..Thusmeet. Thus, I can say that both Invasion of the Formatted ..Body Snatchers and The Thing are films that should be Formatted ..regarded as classics of the horror genre and their Formatted ..traditions should be continued, but not blindly copied Formatted ..that would lead to the development and in order to Formatted ..secure a prosperous future forof this genre. Formatted .. Formatted .. Formatted .. Formatted .. Formatted .. Formatted .. Formatted .. Formatted .. Formatted .. 8
  9. 9. Reference List:Biskind, Peter. (1983) “The Mind Managers: Invasion of the Body Snatchers and theParanoid Style in American Movies.” In Seeing Is Believing: How Hollyiwood Taught UsS Formatted: Font: Italic, Not Superscript/ Subscriptto Stop Worrying and Love the FiftiesMovies. New York: Pantheon, 1983. Formatted: Font: Italic, Not Superscript/ SubscriptBiskin, Peter. “The Russians Are Coming, Aren‟t They? Them! The Thing, and theExtremists from Beyond the Center.” In Seeing Is Believing: How Holliwood Taught Formatted: No underline, Not Superscript/ SubscriptUS to Stop Worrying and Love Movies. Pantheon; NY:, 1983.Gregory, C. (1972)harles. “The Pod Society Versus the Rugged Individualists.” TheJournal of Popular Film and Television, I, (1),1. Winter 1972. 3-14 Formatted: Font: Italic, Not Superscript/ SubscriptLandon, B. (1992) „The Thing in All Its Guises: Reconsidering a Science Fiction Classic.‟Chapter 2 of The Aesthetic of Ambivalence: Rethinking the Science Fiction Film in the Formatted: Font: Italic, Not Superscript/ SubscriptAge of Electronic (Re)production. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press Westport, CT:, 1993.LeGacy, Arthur. (1978) “Invasion of the Body Snatchers: A Metaphor for the Fifties.”LiteratureFifties. Literature/Film Quarterly 6, (3),.2, 1978. 285-292 Formatted: Font: Italic, Not Superscript/ Subscript Formatted: Font: Italic, Not Superscript/ Subscripti Bisking 1983 PP.139iii Gregory, Charles. “The Pod Society Versus the Rugged Individualists.” The Journal ofPopular Film 1. Winter 1972. 9

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