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EFA 2.0 - How minorities, autonomists and independentists use social media and archivists face the challenges of preservation

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Lecture at the ECMI Workshop "Ethnic Minorities and New Social Media", 4 November 2011 (ECMI Flensburg)

Published in: Technology, News & Politics

EFA 2.0 - How minorities, autonomists and independentists use social media and archivists face the challenges of preservation

  1. 1. EFA 2.0 Tom Cobbaert * ECMI workshop * 04-11-2011 How minorities, autonomists and independentists use social media and archivists face the challenges of preservation
  2. 2. /tomcobbaert <ul><li>graduated: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>master in history @ KUL, 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>master in archival sciences @ VUB, 2004 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>work: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>archives & IT manager @ ADVN (2004-…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>board member VVBAD-AHD (2009-…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>member « Archief 2.0 » thinktank (2007-...) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. ADVN (1) <ul><li>founded in 1984, Antwerp (BE) </li></ul><ul><li>private and independent </li></ul><ul><li>scientific institute </li></ul><ul><li>recognized and funded by Flemish government </li></ul><ul><li>archival and research assignment </li></ul><ul><li>nationalism and national movements in general </li></ul><ul><li>Flemish nationalism, Flemish movement </li></ul>
  4. 4. ADVN (2) <ul><li>collects, preserves and describes all sorts of historical sources </li></ul><ul><li>research on all theoretical, general and specialized topics in the field of nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>database projects: ODIS, Archiefbank, NISE </li></ul><ul><li>conferences, exhibitions and publications </li></ul><ul><li>scientific journal: Wt </li></ul>
  5. 5. www.ADVN.be
  6. 6. NISE (1) <ul><li>National movements & Intermediary Structures in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Objective: « creating a database, a heuristic guide and an archival instrument for transnational comparative research into the national movements in Europe » </li></ul><ul><li>L. Boeva, Rien de plus international, Antwerp, ADVN, 2010. </li></ul>
  7. 7. NISE (2) <ul><li>Tools: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>database: national movements (organisations, parties, individuals), archival guide, directory (heritage and research institutes), bibliography, compendium (regions, peoples, languages, …) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>public activities: helpdesk, conferences and workshops, publications, discussion platform </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. NISE (3) <ul><li>Organisation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordination Centre: ADVN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Council: European scholars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network: heritage and research institutes dealing with national movements </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Website: www.NISE.eu </li></ul>
  9. 10. EFA <ul><li>European Free Alliance (°1981) </li></ul><ul><li>European political party which unites progressive, nationalist, regionalist and autonomist parties in the European Union </li></ul><ul><li>41 member parties with more than 200 elected representatives at European, national and regional levels </li></ul><ul><li>www.E-F-A.org </li></ul>
  10. 11. Social Media <ul><li>‘ the use of web-based and mobile technologies to turn communication into interactive dialogue’ </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs (Blogger) and microblogs (Twitter) </li></ul><ul><li>Social networking (Facebook, LinkedIn) </li></ul><ul><li>Content communities (YouTube, Flickr) </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual worlds (WoW, Second Life) </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative projects (Wikipedia) </li></ul>
  11. 12. EFA & social media <ul><li>Out of 41 member parties: </li></ul><ul><li>33 have at least a classic website </li></ul><ul><li>29 have a blog (in the broadest sense) </li></ul><ul><li>4 have only a blog (Wordpress, Blogger, …) </li></ul><ul><li>20 provide an RSS-feed </li></ul>
  12. 16. EFA & social media <ul><li>31 member parties are on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>23 have a fan page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 have a classic group (to be removed) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 has an open group (new format) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 use a ‘personal’ profile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>some have fan pages and/or groups and/or profiles and/or community pages </li></ul></ul>
  13. 17. EFA & social media
  14. 22. EFA & social media <ul><li>15 member parties are on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>from 1 up to 4257 tweets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>from 17 up to 8755 followers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>mainly based on rss feeds from websites, blogs and YouTube </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>little interaction (replies, RT’s) with followers, although good exceptions </li></ul></ul>
  15. 23. EFA & social media
  16. 27. EFA & social media <ul><li>15 member parties are on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>from 4 up to 694 videos </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>content: speeches at congresses, manifestations and other meetings, interventions in parliament, interviews, propaganda presentations, debates, recorded tv-broadcasts, archive footage, … </li></ul></ul>
  17. 28. EFA & social media
  18. 31. EFA & social media <ul><li>7 member parties are on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>from 200 up to 2064 images </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>content: pictures from events, persons, campaigns, history, … </li></ul></ul>
  19. 32. EFA & social media
  20. 35. EFA & social media <ul><li>Other social media: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FNP: Hyves (the Dutch Facebook) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>N-VA, Alands Framtid: LinkedIn, a professional network of party members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plaid Cymru: social media aggregator </li></ul></ul>
  21. 37. EFA & social media <ul><li>Building identity: </li></ul><ul><li>language </li></ul>
  22. 39. EFA & social media <ul><li>Building identity: </li></ul><ul><li>language </li></ul><ul><li>sports </li></ul>
  23. 41. EFA & social media <ul><li>Building identity: </li></ul><ul><li>language </li></ul><ul><li>sports </li></ul><ul><li>top-level domain (TLD) </li></ul>
  24. 43. EFA & social media <ul><li>Building identity: </li></ul><ul><li>language </li></ul><ul><li>sports </li></ul><ul><li>top-level domain (TLD) </li></ul><ul><li>diaspora communities </li></ul>
  25. 45. EFA & social media <ul><li>Building identity: </li></ul><ul><li>language </li></ul><ul><li>sports </li></ul><ul><li>top-level domain (TLD) </li></ul><ul><li>diaspora communities </li></ul><ul><li>cross-border cooperation </li></ul>
  26. 47. EFA & social media <ul><li>Parties use social media to: </li></ul><ul><li>inform: news, activities, etc </li></ul><ul><li>promote: electoral campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>connect: with members and other (EFA) parties </li></ul><ul><li>visualize cause & build identity: region, minority </li></ul>
  27. 48. EFA & social media <ul><li>Remarks: </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom-up vs top-down: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>community driven (LS) vs the feedflood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>youth vs party establishment vs (UDB) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interconnecting parties: supporting cause vs conflicting ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Activism: easy to join vs low commitment </li></ul>
  28. 49. Extra: social media preservation
  29. 50. Social media preservation <ul><li>What do we need to preserve? </li></ul><ul><li>All vs storage costs and retrieval issues </li></ul><ul><li>Value: « do we need to preserve? » </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social media duplicates: feeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unique content: user generated content, conversations, social media enrichment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Archival value: legal, informational, cultural, re-use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research value: what do researchers want? </li></ul></ul>
  30. 51. Social media preservation <ul><li>How? The challenges archivists face </li></ul><ul><li>Providing access: accesible, indexed and search-enabled </li></ul><ul><li>Public content vs privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright in the « cloud » </li></ul><ul><li>Linked nature of social media </li></ul><ul><li>API’s, real time capture, authorization </li></ul>
  31. 52. Social media preservation <ul><li>Existing initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>International: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Archive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library of Congress & Twitter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ArchivePress </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Private: Backupify </li></ul>
  32. 54. EFA 2.0 Tom Cobbaert * ECMI workshop * 04-11-2011 Questions? http://tomcobbaert.eu

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