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Working With Special Populations<br />How to Make your classroom Accessible to All Students<br />
What is a special need?<br />IDEA lists 13 categories of Special Need<br />Children are classified (not diagnosed) into th...
Why does this matter to you?<br />INCLUSION, INCLUSION, INCLUSION <br />In recent years many schools have moved away from ...
This is where I come in!<br />There’s a lot you can do to make your classroom accessible to all students <br />Understandi...
Assistive Technology <br />IDEA defines AT in terms of "devices" and "services." An Assistive Technology Device is defined...
Assistive Technology Services <br />"...any service that directly assists an individual with a disability in the selection...
13 Categories<br /><ul><li>Autism
Deaf-Blindness
Deafness
Hearing Impairment
Mental Retardation
Multiple Disabilities
Orthopedic Impairment
Other Health Impairment
Serious Emotional Disturbance
Specific Learning Disability
Speech or Language Impairment
Traumatic Brain Injury
Visual impairment, including Blindness</li></li></ul><li>Resources for Understanding Disabilities and Disorders<br />www.n...
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Curry assisitive technology presentation

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Presentation on Assistive Technology and Services for the k-12 Classroom, Information and resources on 13 categories,

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Curry assisitive technology presentation

  1. 1. Working With Special Populations<br />How to Make your classroom Accessible to All Students<br />
  2. 2. What is a special need?<br />IDEA lists 13 categories of Special Need<br />Children are classified (not diagnosed) into these categories given exhibited difficulties and performance in the classroom and on a set of psychological and educational assessment tools.<br />These students receive Special Education Services<br />Every category/area of need falls on a continuum.<br />Not all children within a given category will present the same or have the same exact areas of difficulty <br />
  3. 3. Why does this matter to you?<br />INCLUSION, INCLUSION, INCLUSION <br />In recent years many schools have moved away from the self-contained classroom model <br />outside of students with MID and Pervasive Development Delays (at times)<br />Students with special needs are being placed in the general education classroom <br />Many teachers are not being trained to handle the different instructional strategies and adjustments required by students with special needs<br />
  4. 4. This is where I come in!<br />There’s a lot you can do to make your classroom accessible to all students <br />Understanding the 13 categories<br />List of Categories<br />Resources<br />Understanding and Using Assistive technology <br />Understanding IEP’s<br />
  5. 5. Assistive Technology <br />IDEA defines AT in terms of "devices" and "services." An Assistive Technology Device is defined as "any item, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified or customized, that is used to increase, maintain or improve the functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities" (IDEA 300.5). <br />
  6. 6. Assistive Technology Services <br />"...any service that directly assists an individual with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device" (IDEA 300.6). <br />
  7. 7. 13 Categories<br /><ul><li>Autism
  8. 8. Deaf-Blindness
  9. 9. Deafness
  10. 10. Hearing Impairment
  11. 11. Mental Retardation
  12. 12. Multiple Disabilities
  13. 13. Orthopedic Impairment
  14. 14. Other Health Impairment
  15. 15. Serious Emotional Disturbance
  16. 16. Specific Learning Disability
  17. 17. Speech or Language Impairment
  18. 18. Traumatic Brain Injury
  19. 19. Visual impairment, including Blindness</li></li></ul><li>Resources for Understanding Disabilities and Disorders<br />www.nichcy.org<br />ToiCurryPsyD.com<br />http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/learning/iep.html<br />http://www.dredf.org/special_education/iep_cycle.shtml<br />http://www.ldonline.org/<br />
  20. 20. Examples of Assistive Technology and Services <br />Autism<br />PECS (picture exchange communication systems)<br />http://autism.healingthresholds.com/therapy/picture-exchange-communication-system-pecs<br />ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis) http://autism.healingthresholds.com/therapy/applied-behavior-analysis-aba<br />
  21. 21. Visual Impairment-Including Blindness; Deaf Blindness; Deafness<br /><ul><li>Braille
  22. 22. Recordings for the Blind and Dyslexic http://www.learningally.org/
  23. 23. ASL (American Sign Language Translators)</li></li></ul><li>Hearing Impairment <br />FM Systems <br />Cochlear Implants <br />
  24. 24. Mental Retardation<br />Now termed Intellectual Disability <br />(i.e., MID: Mild Intellectual Disability)<br />Life Skills Curriculums<br />Build on Strengths <br />http://www.sc.edu/scatp/mr.htm<br />
  25. 25. Orthopedic Impairment <br />Molded Foot Orthotic Devices (MAFO)<br />Specialized Wheelchairs for Paraplegia<br />
  26. 26. Serious Emotional Disturbance<br />These are some of the ‘invisible disabilities’<br />Anxiety<br />Depression<br />Oppositional Defiant Disorder<br />Schizophrenia<br />Pediatric Bipolar Disorder<br />SCHOOL COUNSELING <br />THERAPY <br />MEDICATION WHEN NECESSARY<br />FBA (functional behavior analysis)<br />Behavior management plans <br />Star charts<br />Decompression rooms<br />www.toicurrypsyd.com<br />
  27. 27. Specific Learning Disability <br />‘Invisible Disabilities’<br /><ul><li>Reading Disorder
  28. 28. Books on tape, LBLP, oral test presentation
  29. 29. Mathematics Disorder
  30. 30. Calculators, graph paper, math gaming programs, manipulatives
  31. 31. Disorder of Written Expression
  32. 32. Oral test presentation, oral book reports
  33. 33. Learning Disorder Not Otherwise Specified </li></li></ul><li>Speech-Language Impairment <br /><ul><li>ASL (American Sign Language)
  34. 34. Systems that speak for children given typed information or pictures on a board.
  35. 35. PECS (See Strategies for Autism)</li></li></ul><li>TBI (Traumatic Brain Injury)<br />OHI (Other Health Impairment)<br />Includes Traumatic and Acquired Brain Injuries <br />These students can have a variety of difficulties depending on area of injury <br />Memory difficulties, language weaknesses, working memory and attention problems, behavioral difficulties, learning difficulties<br />Can include other health issues<br />Diabetes<br />ADHD<br />Epilepsy<br />In these cases student specific interventions are needed and can range from breaks for snacks (diabetes and metabolic disorders) to software and programs that aid in on task behavior (ADHD)<br />
  36. 36. IEP’s<br />Individualized Education Plan<br />Is a legal document <br />Have to follow guidelines and meet deadlines<br />Is an agreement between family and the school <br />Lists<br />Diagnostic category(ies) <br />strengths and weaknesses <br />Goals for each academic quarter and academic year<br />Specific Intervention Strategies <br />Time in each setting <br />http://www.ldonline.org/indepth/iep<br />
  37. 37. Acknowledgments<br />Assistive technology definitions obtained from http://uts.cc.utexas.edu/~wilbur/access/assistive.html<br />

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