Understanding the 11 Components of Fitness

22,539 views

Published on

In order to make exercise program design more effective, “fitness” can be broken down into various components to help better understand how the body works and how we can use exercise to improve our overall health and performance. Depending on what a person would like to accomplish, these components have been divided into “health-related” and “skill-related” components.

Published in: Health & Medicine
6 Comments
10 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
22,539
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
16,421
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
173
Comments
6
Likes
10
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Understanding the 11 Components of Fitness

  1. 1. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS Presented by
  2. 2. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS FITNESS is defined as a condition in which an individual has enough energy to avoid fatigue and enjoy life. Presented by
  3. 3. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS PHYSICAL FITNESS is divided into five HEALTH-RELATED and six SKILL-RELATED components. CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS MUSCULAR STRENGTH MUSCULAR ENDURANCE FLEXIBILITY BODY COMPOSITION AGILITY BALANCE POWER SPEED COORDINATION REACTION TIME Presented by
  4. 4. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS HEALTH-RELATED COMPONENTS Presented by
  5. 5. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS Cardiorespiratory fitness is the ability of the circulatory system (which consists of the heart and blood vessels) to supply oxygen to working muscles during exercise. Examples of cardiorespiratory fitness activities include: • Walking • Swimming • Cycling • Running • Rowing • Cross-country skiing Presented by
  6. 6. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS MUSCULAR STRENGTH Muscular strength refers to the maximum amount of force a muscle can produce in a single contraction. Examples of muscular strength exercises include: • Bench Press • Bent Over Row • Deadlift • Squat • Lunge • Bicep Curl • Tricep Dip Presented by
  7. 7. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS MUSCULAR ENDURANCE Muscular endurance refers to the ability of a muscle to continue contractions for an extended period of time without fatigue. Examples of muscular endurance exercises include: • Push-Up (max. repetitions) • Sit-Up (max. repetitions) • Pull-Up (max. repetitions) • Plank Hold (max. time) • Walking Lunges (max. time) Presented by
  8. 8. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS FLEXIBILITY Flexibility refers to the ability to move a body part through a full range of motion (ROM) at a joint. Examples of flexibility exercises include: • Static stretches (holding a stretch in one position for a duration of time) • Dynamic stretches (quickly moving muscles and joints through a full range of motion) • PNF stretches (shortening contraction of the opposing muscle to place the target muscle in stretch) Presented by
  9. 9. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS BODY COMPOSITION Body composition refers to the ratio of body fat to lean body mass (including bone, muscle, connective tissue, and water). Examples of ways to improve body composition include: • Cardiorespiratory exercises (i.e., walking, cycling, running) • Muscular strength exercises (i.e., bench press, deadlift, squats, bicep curls) • Muscular endurance exercises (i.e., push-ups, pull-ups, sit-ups) Presented by
  10. 10. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS SKILL-RELATED COMPONENTS Presented by
  11. 11. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS AGILITY Agility is the ability of the body to change direction quickly and effectively while under control. It requires the integration of isolated movement skills using a combination of balance, coordination, speed, reflexes, strength, and endurance. Examples of activities that require agility include: • Football • Soccer • Tennis • Volleyball • Basketball • Most competitive sports Presented by
  12. 12. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS BALANCE Balance is the ability to maintain an upright posture while in a stationary position or while moving. Examples of activities that challenge balance include: • Yoga • Pilates • Gymnastics • Single leg exercises • Bosu ball exercises • Stability ball exercises Presented by
  13. 13. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS POWER Power is the ability to do strength work at an explosive pace (it is defined as the amount of work performed per unit of time). Examples of activities that require power include: • Olympic lifts (i.e., clean & jerk, snatch) • Plyometrics (i.e., box jumps, depth jumps, clap push-ups) • Baseball • Boxing • Golf • Volleyball • Track and Field (i.e., high jump, long jump, pole vault, javelin) Presented by
  14. 14. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS SPEED Speed is the ability to move quickly from one point to another. Examples of activities that require speed include: • Sprinting (i.e., 100 meter, 200 meter, 400 meter) • Speed skating (i.e., 500 meter, 1000 meter, 5000 meter) • Swimming (i.e., front crawl, butterfly, back stroke) • Nordic Skiing (i.e., classic or skating) Presented by
  15. 15. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS COORDINATION Coordination is the integration of hand and/or foot movements with the input of the senses (i.e., what we see, hear, and feel). Examples of activities that require coordination include: • CrossFit • Group fitness classes (i.e., Zumba, Body Pump, Body Attack, Bootcamp) • Baseball • Basketball • Golf • Jumping rope • Martial arts (i.e., karate, judo, taekwondo) • Skiing/Snowboarding Presented by
  16. 16. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS REACTION TIME Reaction time is the amount of time it takes to react to a stimulus (i.e., starting gun, moving object, movement of an opponent). Examples of activities that require a fast reaction time include: • Racquet sports (i.e., tennis, squash, racquetball, badminton) • Baseball and cricket • Sprinting, speed skating, and swimming • Martial arts (i.e., karate, judo, taekwondo) • Most competitive individual and team sports Presented by
  17. 17. UNDERSTANDING THE ELEVEN COMPONENTS OF FITNESS THANK YOU! For more information visit www.todaysfitnesstrainer.com Presented by

×