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# Understanding Planes & Axes of Movement

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The concept of planes and axes of movement can be complex and difficult to understand. This presentation provides a graphical representation of each concept (as it relates to physical activity, exercise and sport) and examples of each to demonstrate each concept in a simpler manner.

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### Understanding Planes & Axes of Movement

1. 1. Presented byUNDERSTANDINGPLANES & AXES OFMOVEMENT
2. 2. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTThe body performsmovements through a planeand around an axis.
3. 3. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTA plane is an imaginaryflat surface along which amovement takes place.
4. 4. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTSAGITTAL PLANEA vertical plane of thebody which passes fromfront to rear dividingthe body into twosymmetrical halves.
5. 5. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTTRANSVERSE PLANEAny horizontal plane ofthe body which isparallel to thediaphragm; also calledthe horizontal plane.
6. 6. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTFRONTAL PLANEPlane of the body whichpasses from side to sideat right angles to thesagittal plane; also calledthe coronal plane.
7. 7. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTAn axis is an imaginary lineabout which the body (orlimb) rotates.
8. 8. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTFRONTALHORIZONTAL AXISAxis of the body thatpasses horizontally fromside to side at rightangles to the sagittalplane.FRONTALHORIZONTALAXIS
9. 9. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTVERTICAL AXISAxis of the body thatpasses from head to footat right angles to thetransverse plane.VERTICALAXIS
10. 10. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTSAGITTALHORIZONTAL AXISAxis of the body thatpasses from front to rearlying at right angles tothe frontal plane.SAGITTALHORIZONTALAXIS
11. 11. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTPhysical activity ismade possible bymovements and motions.
12. 12. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTEvery movementtakes place in one plane andaround one axis.
13. 13. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTThey are also categorizedby movement type.
14. 14. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTFLEXION &EXTENSION
15. 15. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTFLEXIONtakes place when the angledecreases between the twobones attached to a joint.
16. 16. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTEXTENSIONtakes place when the anglebetween the two bonesattached to a joint increases.
17. 17. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTHYPEREXTENSIONoccurs when a joint isoverstretched (or bentbackwards) because ofan exaggerated extensionmotion.
18. 18. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTBoth flexion andextension occur inthe sagittal planeabout the frontalaxis.
19. 19. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENT
20. 20. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTSPINAL EXTENSION/SPINAL HYPEREXTENSIONSPINAL EXTENSION/SPINAL FLEXION
21. 21. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTSPINAL EXTENSION/SPINAL HYPEREXTENSIONNECK EXTENSION/NECK FLEXION
22. 22. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTWRIST EXTENSION/WRIST FLEXIONELBOW EXTENSION/ELBOW FLEXION
23. 23. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTHIP EXTENSION/HIP FLEXIONWRIST EXTENSION/WRIST HYPEREXTENSION
24. 24. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTKNEE EXTENSION/KNEE FLEXIONHIP EXTENSION/HIP HYPEREXTENSION
25. 25. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTANKLE PLANTAR FLEXIONANKLE DORSIFLEXION
26. 26. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTADDUCTION &ABDUCTION
27. 27. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTADDUCTIONis a movement laterallytoward the middle of thebody.
28. 28. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTABDUCTIONis a movement laterally awayfrom the middle of the body.
29. 29. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTBoth adductionand abductionoccur in thefrontal planeabout the sagittalaxis.
30. 30. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENT
31. 31. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTLATERAL FLEXIONOF THE NECKLATERAL FLEXIONOF THE SPINE
32. 32. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTRADIAL DEVIATIONOF THE WRISTSHOULDER ABDUCTION
33. 33. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTHIP ABDUCTIONULNAR DEVIATIONOF THE WRIST
34. 34. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTANKLE INVERSIONHIP ADDUCTION
35. 35. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTANKLE EVERSION
36. 36. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTROTATION
37. 37. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTINTERNAL ROTATIONtakes place when the frontpart of the body part rotatestowards the middle(midline) of the body.
38. 38. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTEXTERNAL ROTATIONtakes place when the frontpart of the body part rotatesaway from the middle(midline) of the body.
39. 39. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTRotation (internaland external)occur in thetransverse planeabout the verticalaxis.
40. 40. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENT
41. 41. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTROTATION OFTHE NECKROTATION OFTHE SPINEROTATIONTO THELEFTROTATIONTO THERIGHTROTATIONTO THERIGHTROTATIONTO THELEFT
42. 42. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTROTATION OFTHE ARMROTATION OFTHE LEGEXTERNALROTATIONINTERNALROTATIONEXTERNALROTATIONINTERNALROTATION
43. 43. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTHORIZONTAL ADDUCTION/ABDUCTION OF THE SHOULDERROTATION OFTHE FOREARMEXTERNALROTATIONINTERNALROTATIONSHOULDERADDUCTIONSHOULDERABDUCTION
44. 44. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTHORIZONTAL ADDUCTION/ABDUCTION OF THE HIPHIPADDUCTIONHIPABDUCTION
45. 45. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTCIRCUMDUCTIONis the combination ofmovements through two ormore planes of motion.
46. 46. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENT
47. 47. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTTHANK YOU!For more information visitwww.todaysfitnesstrainer.com