Understanding Planes & Axes of Movement

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The concept of planes and axes of movement can be complex and difficult to understand. This presentation provides a graphical representation of each concept (as it relates to physical activity, exercise and sport) and examples of each to demonstrate each concept in a simpler manner.

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Understanding Planes & Axes of Movement

  1. 1. Presented byUNDERSTANDINGPLANES & AXES OFMOVEMENT
  2. 2. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTThe body performsmovements through a planeand around an axis.
  3. 3. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTA plane is an imaginaryflat surface along which amovement takes place.
  4. 4. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTSAGITTAL PLANEA vertical plane of thebody which passes fromfront to rear dividingthe body into twosymmetrical halves.
  5. 5. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTTRANSVERSE PLANEAny horizontal plane ofthe body which isparallel to thediaphragm; also calledthe horizontal plane.
  6. 6. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTFRONTAL PLANEPlane of the body whichpasses from side to sideat right angles to thesagittal plane; also calledthe coronal plane.
  7. 7. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTAn axis is an imaginary lineabout which the body (orlimb) rotates.
  8. 8. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTFRONTALHORIZONTAL AXISAxis of the body thatpasses horizontally fromside to side at rightangles to the sagittalplane.FRONTALHORIZONTALAXIS
  9. 9. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTVERTICAL AXISAxis of the body thatpasses from head to footat right angles to thetransverse plane.VERTICALAXIS
  10. 10. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTSAGITTALHORIZONTAL AXISAxis of the body thatpasses from front to rearlying at right angles tothe frontal plane.SAGITTALHORIZONTALAXIS
  11. 11. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTPhysical activity ismade possible bymovements and motions.
  12. 12. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTEvery movementtakes place in one plane andaround one axis.
  13. 13. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTThey are also categorizedby movement type.
  14. 14. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTFLEXION &EXTENSION
  15. 15. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTFLEXIONtakes place when the angledecreases between the twobones attached to a joint.
  16. 16. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTEXTENSIONtakes place when the anglebetween the two bonesattached to a joint increases.
  17. 17. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTHYPEREXTENSIONoccurs when a joint isoverstretched (or bentbackwards) because ofan exaggerated extensionmotion.
  18. 18. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTBoth flexion andextension occur inthe sagittal planeabout the frontalaxis.
  19. 19. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENT
  20. 20. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTSPINAL EXTENSION/SPINAL HYPEREXTENSIONSPINAL EXTENSION/SPINAL FLEXION
  21. 21. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTSPINAL EXTENSION/SPINAL HYPEREXTENSIONNECK EXTENSION/NECK FLEXION
  22. 22. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTWRIST EXTENSION/WRIST FLEXIONELBOW EXTENSION/ELBOW FLEXION
  23. 23. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTHIP EXTENSION/HIP FLEXIONWRIST EXTENSION/WRIST HYPEREXTENSION
  24. 24. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTKNEE EXTENSION/KNEE FLEXIONHIP EXTENSION/HIP HYPEREXTENSION
  25. 25. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTANKLE PLANTAR FLEXIONANKLE DORSIFLEXION
  26. 26. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTADDUCTION &ABDUCTION
  27. 27. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTADDUCTIONis a movement laterallytoward the middle of thebody.
  28. 28. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTABDUCTIONis a movement laterally awayfrom the middle of the body.
  29. 29. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTBoth adductionand abductionoccur in thefrontal planeabout the sagittalaxis.
  30. 30. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENT
  31. 31. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTLATERAL FLEXIONOF THE NECKLATERAL FLEXIONOF THE SPINE
  32. 32. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTRADIAL DEVIATIONOF THE WRISTSHOULDER ABDUCTION
  33. 33. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTHIP ABDUCTIONULNAR DEVIATIONOF THE WRIST
  34. 34. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTANKLE INVERSIONHIP ADDUCTION
  35. 35. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTANKLE EVERSION
  36. 36. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTROTATION
  37. 37. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTINTERNAL ROTATIONtakes place when the frontpart of the body part rotatestowards the middle(midline) of the body.
  38. 38. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTEXTERNAL ROTATIONtakes place when the frontpart of the body part rotatesaway from the middle(midline) of the body.
  39. 39. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTRotation (internaland external)occur in thetransverse planeabout the verticalaxis.
  40. 40. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENT
  41. 41. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTROTATION OFTHE NECKROTATION OFTHE SPINEROTATIONTO THELEFTROTATIONTO THERIGHTROTATIONTO THERIGHTROTATIONTO THELEFT
  42. 42. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTROTATION OFTHE ARMROTATION OFTHE LEGEXTERNALROTATIONINTERNALROTATIONEXTERNALROTATIONINTERNALROTATION
  43. 43. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTHORIZONTAL ADDUCTION/ABDUCTION OF THE SHOULDERROTATION OFTHE FOREARMEXTERNALROTATIONINTERNALROTATIONSHOULDERADDUCTIONSHOULDERABDUCTION
  44. 44. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTHORIZONTAL ADDUCTION/ABDUCTION OF THE HIPHIPADDUCTIONHIPABDUCTION
  45. 45. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTCIRCUMDUCTIONis the combination ofmovements through two ormore planes of motion.
  46. 46. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENT
  47. 47. Presented byUNDERSTANDING PLANES & AXES OF MOVEMENTTHANK YOU!For more information visitwww.todaysfitnesstrainer.com

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