Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

ToTCOOP+i O3 o4 unit-7_final_version_en

6 views

Published on

Training for Board of directors in the agri-food cooperatives: Unit 7 - Management of Agricultural Policy

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

ToTCOOP+i O3 o4 unit-7_final_version_en

  1. 1. ToTCOOP+i PROJECT Unit 7 : Management of Agricultural Policy 1 STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP FOR INNOVATING THE TRAINING OF TRAINERS OF THE EUROPEAN AGRI-FOOD COOPERATIVES
  2. 2. Index 1. Agricultural policy 2. National Rural Development policy 3. EU & National legislation for Agri- food cooperatives 4. National rural non-governmental organisations 5. Role of agri-food cooperatives 2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. Activity I: Agricultural Policy 4 Trainings for Co-op members selected in the Board of Directors 2017
  5. 5. Agricultural policy  Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) 5
  6. 6. Year 1957: The Treaty of Rome  Establishment of the European Econmic Community • Provision of affordable food for EU citizens • Fair standart of living for farmers
  7. 7. Year1962: The Common Agricultural Policy is born  Good prices for farmers  Shops are full of food  First objective – food security 7
  8. 8. The crisis years: the 1970s  Structural adjustment of farm sector  Legislation for farm modernisation  Assistance to farmers working in difficult conditions  Penalty payments for over-production in the dairy sector
  9. 9. The crisis years: the 1980s 9  Decision about structural changes  Quota System applied to milk  Introduction of budget stabilisers
  10. 10. Year 1992: «MacSharry reform»  Product support  Producer support  Direct aid payments to farmers  Aims: ◦ To improve the competitiveness of EU agriculture ◦ To stabilise the agricultural markets ◦ To diversify the production ◦ Environment protection ◦ To stabilise the EU budget expenditure 10
  11. 11. Agenda 2000  More focus on economic, social and cultural development • Raising competitiveness of agricultural product markets • Stabilization of agricultural incomes • Environmental measures • Raising the food quality and safety level • Developing the vitality of rural areas
  12. 12. Year 2003: The Reform  Aimed to enhance the competitiveness of the farm sector  Market-oriented and sustainable agriculture  Srenghtening of rural development policy
  13. 13. Reform 2013: ten key points 1. Better targeted income support 2. Tools to address crisis management 3. A ‘Green’ payment 4. Additional investment in research and innovation 5. A more competitive and balanced food chain 6. Encouraging agri-environmental initiatives 7. Facilitating the establishment of young farmers 8. Stimulating rural employment and entrepreneurship 9. Better addressing fragile areas 10. A simpler and more efficient CAP 13
  14. 14. The CAP post-2013: From challenges to reform objectives 14
  15. 15. 16
  16. 16. CAP Pillars Irish Co-operative Organisation Society (ICOS) 17
  17. 17. Irish Co-operative Organisation Society (ICOS) 18
  18. 18. The path of CAP expenditure by calendar year (in current prices)
  19. 19. Expenditure in total EU Expenditure (2011 constant prices) 20
  20. 20. External Policy – It’s effect on your business……CAP 21
  21. 21. Reform making process till 2013 22
  22. 22. 23 Legislative procedure
  23. 23. European Commission 24 • Initiates ALL Legislation • 28 Commissioners in 28 departments with around 27,000 officials • Phil Hogan European Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development since November 2014 • More than 2000 laws affecting our business have been initiated here
  24. 24. • 28 Member States take turns to chair the Council for a period of six months. • Council amends and adopts legislation usually in co-decision with the Parliament • Agri Ministerial Council Meets Every month European Council 25
  25. 25. European Parliament 26 • Role: Directly-elected EU body with legislative, supervisory, and budgetary responsibilities • Members: 751 MEPs (Members of the European Parliament) • President: Antonio Tajani • Established in: 1952 as Common Assembly of the European Coal and Steel Community, 1962 as European Parliament, first direct elections in 1979 • Location: Strasbourg (France), Brussels (Belgium), Luxembourg
  26. 26. 27
  27. 27. Index 1. Agricultural policy 2. National Rural Development policy 3. EU & National legislation for Agri- food cooperatives 4. National rural non-governmental organisations 5. Role of agri-food cooperatives 28
  28. 28. 29
  29. 29. Activity 2: National Rural Development Programme (RDP) Trainings for Co-op members selected in the Board of Directors 2017 30
  30. 30. Implementation of Rural Development Policy 2014-2020
  31. 31. CAP long term objectives: 2014- 2020  Rural business development  Sustainable management of natural resources, and climate action  Balanced territorial development 32
  32. 32. SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT 33 3. Food chain organisation and risk management 4. Restoring, preserving, and enhancing ecosystems 5. Resource efficiency and climate change 6. Diversification and social inclusion 2. Economic viability and competitiveness 1. Knowledge transfer and innovation Union Strategic Priorities for Rural Development 33
  33. 33. 2014 – 2020 EAFRD funding / MS (€ million)* BE 648 BG 2 367 CZ 2 306 DK 919 DE 9 446 EE 823 IE 2 191 EL 4 718 ES 8 297 FR 11 385 HR 2 026 IT 10 444 CY 132 LV 1076 LT 1 613 LU 101 HU 3 431 MT 97 NL 765 AT 3 938 PL 8 698 PT 4 058 RO 8 128 SI 838 SK 1 560 FL 2 380 SE 1 764 UK 5 200 EU 99 586** *"Envelopes in place after entry into force on 23rd May 2015 of COMMISSION DELEGATED REGULATION (EU) No 2015/791 amending Annex I to Regulation (EU) No 1305/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council on support for rural development by the European agricultural Fund for Rural Development" ** includes EU level technical assistance (239 mil. EUR)
  34. 34. Food chain organisation, animal welfare, risk management Farm viability competitiveness, sustainable forest management Ecosystems in agriculture and forestry Resource efficiency, low carbon and climate resilience Social inclusion, poverty reduction, economic development 18FocusAreas Knowledge Transfer and Innovation (cross cutting) Share of funds per RD priority
  35. 35. New measures for better covering the needs, e.g.: 36  Cooperation (art. 35) – new ways of working together adapted to meet the requirements of the knowledge economy: widened scope , wider range of beneficiaries, horizontal and vertical co- operation amongst actors  Risk management (art. 36) – insurances (protect crops, plants, animals) , income stabilisation tools, setting up mutual funds.
  36. 36. Envisaged timeline for the adoption of the 2014-2020 RDPs 37
  37. 37. Latvian Rural Development Programme 38
  38. 38. Examples of expected achievements:  to create cooperation opportunities between farmers and researchers  nearly 4.5 % of farmers will receive investment support to modernise and restructure their farms and specific measures are also foreseen to attract more young farmers into the sector  facilitate the development of around 10 producers groups by involving at least 115 farms, etc. Latvian Rural Development Programme 2014 - 2020 39
  39. 39. Latvian Rural Development policy  2007-2013  2014-2020 40 CAP Pillar II - provides funding for competitiveness, environmental and natural resources protection Agricultural and forestry sector, promotion of competitiveness, Restructuring, development and innovation Environment and Rural Landscape - agricultural land, natural resources, sustainable use of environment-friendly production methods Rural quality of life and diversification of economy - to develop business in rural areas, improve rural infrastructure LEADER - Supporting local action groups LV funding available for 2007-2013 = 1,054 billion.EUR promote the transfer of knowledge in the field of agriculture and forestry increase the competitiveness and economic viability of farms contribute to the food supply chain organization and risk management protect ecosystems dependent on agriculture and forestry promote resource efficiency and a shift towards a low-carbon promote job creation, poverty alleviation and rural development potential LV funding available for 2014- 2020 = 969 mio EUR
  40. 40. Major tasks for the period 2014-2020: Latvia Rise in income gained from an effective production, increasing a ratio of products with higher added value and market-oriented production  Support to small and medium farms (cooperation, education, niche products, jobs outside agriculture)  Each ha of land and forest, as well as Latvia’s waters are used in creation of value  Latvia’s rural areas managed by family farms, which are able to earn and provide for their families  Development of science and increase in the level of education in sectors 41
  41. 41.  Lack of knowledge about environment protection, management and marketing  High share of semi-subsistence farms – 56,5%  Low soil fertility and natural and specific constraints  Underdeveloped supply chains and cooperation among enterprises Key challanges: Latvia 42
  42. 42. Planned expenditure per priority 43
  43. 43.  M01 – Knowledge  M02 - Advisory services  M04 – Investments  M06 - Farm and business development  M08 - Forest  M09 - Producer groups / organisations  M16 - Cooperation  M19 - LEADER and CLLD RDP Meassuers for agri - food cooperatives 44
  44. 44. 45
  45. 45. Index 1. Agricultural policy 2. National Rural Development policy 3. EU & National legislation for Agri- food cooperatives 4. National rural non-governmental organisations 5. Role of agri-food cooperatives 46
  46. 46. Activity 3: EU and National legislation for agri-food cooperatives Trainings for Co-op members selected in the Board of Directors 2017 47
  47. 47. Hierarchy of legislation 48
  48. 48. EU legislation for agri – food cooperatives  Treaty on the functioning of the European Union  Council Regulation (EC) No 1435/2003 of 22 July 2003 on the Statute for a European Cooperative Society (SCE) 49
  49. 49. 50
  50. 50. National legislation for agri – food cooperatives  National law of cooperative societies  Cabinet of Ministers regulations No 77: "Regulations on the agricultural services cooperatives and the forestry services cooperatives in compliance assessment" 51
  51. 51. Regulations on the agricultural services cooperatives and forestry services cooperatives in compliance assessment  Latvian Agricultural Cooperatives Association (LACA) - responsible for compliance assessment  Accordance with the legislation and Statute for compliance assessment 52
  52. 52. Compliance assesment of cooperatives  An annual task  Decision adoptet by the Commission  Commission consist of 5 members representing 4 institutions 53
  53. 53.  Agricultural products prodeuced by cooperative members  Minimum turnover between the cooperative and its members at least 7000 euros  Minimum turnover between cooperative and its members at least 75% of the total turnover Criteria for compliance assessment for cooperatives: I 54
  54. 54.  At least 25% of profit invested in development  Agricultural goods and services is at least 75% of turnover  Urnover withh one member does not exceed 40 % of total  In the previous business year – at least one general members meeting Criteria for compliance assessment for cooperatives: II 55
  55. 55.  Get tax relief  Can provide applications for RDP activities  Are specific target group in other national regulations and have better conditions in national programmes Compliance assessment of cooperatives: Benefits 56
  56. 56. 57
  57. 57. 58
  58. 58. Index 1. Agricultural policy 2. National Rural Development policy 3. EU & National legislation for Agri- food cooperatives 4. National rural non-governmental organisations 5. Role of agri-food cooperatives 59
  59. 59. 60
  60. 60. Activity 4: National rural non – governmental organizations (NGO’s) Trainings for Co-op members selected in the Board of Directors 2017 61
  61. 61. What is Non-Governmental Organization?  NGO – any non-profit, voluntary citizens’ group which is legally constituted, organized and operated on a local, national or international level  NGO - citizen-based association thet operates independently of government, usually to deliver resources or serve some social or political purpose  Task – oriented and driven by people with a common interest 62
  62. 62. History of NGO’s  The term first coined in 1945  Created by United Nations (UN)  Any kind of private organization – independent from government control 63
  63. 63. 64
  64. 64. EU  Agriculture  NGO 65
  65. 65.  The dynamic force of European farmers and their cooperatives  COPA - Committee of Professional Agricultural Organisations created on 6 September 1958  COGECA - General Committee for Agricultural Cooperation in the European Union created on 24 September 1959  Merged on 1 December 1962 66
  66. 66. COGECA  Made up of 6 members  Currently represents interests of 40000 farmers  Recognised as the main representatice body and spokesman for agricultural and fisheries cooperative sector 67
  67. 67. - lobby and a platform for inter- cooperative relationships  involved in shaping and further developing all Community policies that create important framework conditions for cooperative enterprises  fosters cooperation between cooperative enterprises at European level COGECA 68
  68. 68. Civil participation national and EU level 69 National rural NGO’s Latvian Agricultural Cooperatives Association EU COPA- COGECA
  69. 69. Latvian NGO sector 70
  70. 70.  National Rural NGO’s  National Agricultural NGO’s: ◦ Latvian Agriculture Cooperatives Association ◦ Farmers Parliament ◦ Farmers’ Association ◦ Farmers' organizations Cooperation Council ◦ Young farmer club ◦ Latvian Association of Biological Agriculture ◦ Latvian Farmers Federation National rural NGO’s 71
  71. 71.  Before 1990 – members of agricultural cooperatives have common property – farmland. They collectively manage it.  After 1990 – new cooperation trend – agricultural service cooperatives (serious development of this cooperation form was starting after 2000).  After 2012 – forestry service cooperatives. Cooperation in Latvia 72
  72. 72.  Established in 2002  Unites 50 members LACA – association  Performs compliance assessments of agricultural and forestry cooperatives  Member of COGECA Latvian Agricultural Cooperatives Association (LACA) 73
  73. 73.  Provision of actual information  Consultations about cooperation and agriculture  Representation of member’s interests in EU, national and other institutions  Organization of training courses, study trips, conferences  Public awareness about cooperation and advantages of cooperation in rural economy Main activities of Latvian Agricultural Cooperatives Association (LACA) 74
  74. 74. Civil participation national and EU level 75
  75. 75. 76
  76. 76. Index 1. Agricultural policy 2. National Rural Development policy 3. EU & National legislation for Agri- food cooperatives 4. National rural non-governmental organisations 5. Role of agri-food cooperatives 77
  77. 77. “Role of agri - food cooperatives in civil sociality political challenges – sustainable development or short term planning” Trainings for Co-op members selected in the Board of Directors 2017 78
  78. 78. 79
  79. 79. 80

×