TERMS FOR CRITICAL
ROBY TRI WAHYUDI (A1B2110 )
JEFRY (A1B2110 )
TITIN ROHAYATI (A1B211013)
DITIA ALDIDA (A1B2110 )
RIKA NINGSIH (A1B211041)
It is the process of selecting certain qualities out of
many. In the process of abstraction, we choose various
specific qualities to represent one large concept.
It is a literary statement presenting its meaning in a
veiled way. In short, allegory is simply one thing
consistently being presented in the guise of something
It is the repetition of the same sound at the
beginning of several words which are near one another.
It is the process of referring to figures or events in life
of in literature, that are well known. In other
words, allusion is another word for reference.
It is the attempt to create mystery by suggesting
several meanings and not making one more outstandingly
correct that the others.
It results when a pair or more of strongly contrasting
terms are presented together. In antithesis there is usually
grammatical balance as well as contrast in meaning.
It is the term used to describe an image that recurs
throughout literature so frequently that it has become as
established part of our mental vocabulary.
It is the general tone and mood of a work of art. The
term then describes the general “air” that we sense in the
It is a style of composition which is extremely ornate.
It is the technique of successfully creating feelings of
pity or sympathy.
It is the appearance of widely differing and in
harmonious sounds in close conjunction.
It is a hackneyed or outworn expression or word. A
cliché is a stereotype of way of saying something.
It is one of the various implications or associations that
a word carries. A word’s connotative meaning is extraliteral, that is, it exists apart from its literal meaning.
It is a difficult , challenging, or high provocative
metaphor or simile. A conceit is a poet’s attempt to posit
similarity between very different and unlikely things.
It is the opposite of abstract. It represents what is real
rather than what is ideal.
Whatever is generally accepted or agreed upon. It is a
conventional) a custom which has, over a long period time,
been given wide sanction.
It is the essential meaning of the word. Denotation
has reference only to what is conventionally understood by
It is the use of words in poetry. Analyzing diction is no
more than examining the appropriate of the vocabulary
within a given poem.
It is designed to teach or to communicate moral or
ethical instruction. Poetry which argues us-frequently at
great length-to improve our moral character, is considered
It is a poet or poem which is strongly influenced by
It is the phrase which is used to capture the most
outstanding characteristics about a person or subject.
It is a figure of speech which veils the obvious word
with another, less direct one.
It results when the poet has selected sounds which are
compatible and harmonious.
It means the analysis of a literary work.
It is the kind of language which departs from the
language employed in the traditional, literal ways of
describing persons or objects.
It is the method of giving hints in advance of what is to
It is the organization of the part of a poem into a
whole. Form is the complete package which has a
Frame of Reference
It is the background of a poem.
It is a figure of speech which employs exaggeration.
It is images, picture, or sensory content, which we find
in a poem . Images are fanciful or imaginative descriptions
of people or objects stated in terms of our sense.
It results from the contrast between the actual
meaning of a word or statement and the suggestion of
It referred originally to lyrics poetry, that is, to poetry
written to be sung to a lyric.
when we talk about the meaning of a poem, we are
talking primarily about the significance of its message.
It is the figure of speech which compares one thing to
another directly. A metaphor states that something is
It is the substitution of a word closely associated with
another word in place of that other word.
It is the creation of an atmosphere through the
proliferation of certain common emotions. Mood is thus
the prevailing tone in a poem and this tone is established
by the accumulation of a set of emotions.
It is a core experience around which an entire poem or
work of literature can be developed. In other words, the
motif is the most irreducible skeleton of the narration.
It is impersonal, detached, and unprejudiced. In
objectivity we find little emotion or personal distortion of
It is a description of a group of events, or a situation,
which automatically arouses certain emotional responses
in the reader.
It results when a poet presents a pair of ideas, words,
images or attitudes which are, or appear to be, selfcontradictory.
It is a principle advocating that ideas of equal
importance or significance should be treated at equal
length within a poem.
It is imitating the work of others in order to amuse. A
parody emphasizes the obvious characteristics for the sake
It is the aspect of certain poems which produces in the
reader a response of pity and sorrow.
It is a round-about method of saying something.
It is the character in a poem or play, but more
specifically, the voice of the narrator or character in the
It is the process or assigning human characteristics to
nonhuman objects, abstractions or ideas.
It is the poet’s “license” or privilege to do something
unorthodox in terms of diction , rhyme, or meter.
Point of View
It quite literally refers to the way in which the author
views his subject.
It is the form of conducting worship of one kind or
another; also, any ceremonial and/or often repeated
It is the use of caustic or cruel remarks frequently
presented by way of ironical statement.
It is the technique of holding human vices, follies,
stupidities, etc., up for contempt, usually with an aim to
It is a word which has undergone a series of changes
in meaning. A term used to describe the ability to respond
emotionally to actions both good or bad.
It is a direct comparison between things which are not
particularly similar in their essence.
It is private, personal, emotional, or individual. When
one reads any poem, one makes certain subjective
responses to the poem.
It is particular form of metaphor. The technique of
synecdoche uses a part in order to signify the whole.
It is the central concept developed in a poem. The
theme is the poet’s reason for writing the poem in the first