• A conglomerate is a group of businesses who have
a lot of money to put into film productions.
• They also market their films through their
• This practice is known as Synergy.
• Media ownership is massive multinational media
companies that own..
• Independents are producers who work
outside of the major studies.
• Often British productions are made by smaller
companies like warp films, working with film 4
or BBC to secure funding and distribution.
• Orin Peli made ‘Paranormal Activity’ for
$15,000 but needed paramount to distribute
his film. With this he made over $190 million.
• Five major distributors dominate the media
ownership of the film industry in the UK.
• United international Pictures
• Warner Bros
• Buena Vista
• 20th Century Fox
Different types of institutions
in the British film industry:
• Independent companies
• Television companies
• Government bodies
• Co-productions with Hollywood
Media Convergence – Two or more types of media
Synergy – Different elements of a company
working together to promote related products.
Concentration of media ownership – the process
by which an increasingly smaller number of
companies own most media outlets.
Conglomerate – A large parent company which
owns a range of smaller companies.
Subsidiary – smaller companies owned by a
Oligopoly – When the market is dominated by a
small number of companies.