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Potential&opprt of trade in CAR&SA, 28Oct15

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Almaty
October 2015
Trade and
investment
opportunities of
the Central Asian
Region,
Afghanistan and
Pakistan
TIMUR NURATDINOV
USAID/REC
Potential and opportunities of Central Asia Region,
Afghanistan and Pakistan
• Large market totaling 320 million population
– Central Asia - 100 million; Afghanistan - 30 million;
Pakistan - 190 million
• CAR offers cotton, energy, wheat, steel and iron, silk,
fruits, hides, mineral fuel
• South Asia offers pharmaceutical products, fruits,
vegetables, clothe, footwear, rice, sugar, citrus
• Trade complementarity
• Through Central Asia further access to Eastern
Europe
Investment opportunities of Central Asian Region
• Diversification of capital in other countries
• Possibility of transfer of certain part of production
facility to other country
• Opening enterprises in other countries in order to
reduce expenses in production value chain or
transportation/logistics
• Secure residence in other countries after making
investments
• Access to market in Russia and Eastern Europe
• Free economic zones in CAR
Trade experience of Central Asian Region with
Afghanistan before 1990
High quality and strong demand for goods from
former Soviet Union:
• Non-alloy steel and steel products
• Construction materials
• Oil products
• Household articles
• Cooking oil
• Canned goods
• Foodstuffs
Potential and opportunities of Afghan market
• Population: 31 million
• Production: lack of production in large scale
• Production cost: high
• Past experience of trade relationship: positive
• Transportation cost: relatively low
• Security of business running: relatively positive
• Infrastructure in the Northern Region: established
• Economic and business center: Mazar-e-sharif
Afghanistan and Kazakhstan
Export
• Marble and onyx (potential)
• Carpet, rugs (potential)
• Fresh fruits (potential): apples,
pomegranates, grapes, apricots
• Vegetables: potatoes, onions
(during the off season)
• Dried fruits and nuts
• Precious and semi-precious
stones (potential)
Import
• Wheat and flour
• Metal bar
• Oil products
• Vegetable oil (potential)
Ad

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Potential&opprt of trade in CAR&SA, 28Oct15

  • 1. Almaty October 2015 Trade and investment opportunities of the Central Asian Region, Afghanistan and Pakistan TIMUR NURATDINOV USAID/REC
  • 2. Potential and opportunities of Central Asia Region, Afghanistan and Pakistan • Large market totaling 320 million population – Central Asia - 100 million; Afghanistan - 30 million; Pakistan - 190 million • CAR offers cotton, energy, wheat, steel and iron, silk, fruits, hides, mineral fuel • South Asia offers pharmaceutical products, fruits, vegetables, clothe, footwear, rice, sugar, citrus • Trade complementarity • Through Central Asia further access to Eastern Europe
  • 3. Investment opportunities of Central Asian Region • Diversification of capital in other countries • Possibility of transfer of certain part of production facility to other country • Opening enterprises in other countries in order to reduce expenses in production value chain or transportation/logistics • Secure residence in other countries after making investments • Access to market in Russia and Eastern Europe • Free economic zones in CAR
  • 4. Trade experience of Central Asian Region with Afghanistan before 1990 High quality and strong demand for goods from former Soviet Union: • Non-alloy steel and steel products • Construction materials • Oil products • Household articles • Cooking oil • Canned goods • Foodstuffs
  • 5. Potential and opportunities of Afghan market • Population: 31 million • Production: lack of production in large scale • Production cost: high • Past experience of trade relationship: positive • Transportation cost: relatively low • Security of business running: relatively positive • Infrastructure in the Northern Region: established • Economic and business center: Mazar-e-sharif
  • 6. Afghanistan and Kazakhstan Export • Marble and onyx (potential) • Carpet, rugs (potential) • Fresh fruits (potential): apples, pomegranates, grapes, apricots • Vegetables: potatoes, onions (during the off season) • Dried fruits and nuts • Precious and semi-precious stones (potential) Import • Wheat and flour • Metal bar • Oil products • Vegetable oil (potential)
  • 7. Afghanistan and Kyrgyzstan Export • Re-export of dried fruits and fresh fruits (potential) • Precious and semi-precious stones for cutting and polishing and further export to other countries (potential) • Karakul for making coats, access to market in Kazakhstan and Russia (potential) • Vegetables: potatoes, onions (during the off season) Import • Red kidney beans • Canned products: jams, pickled vegetables (potential) • Juices and non-alcoholic beverages (potential) • Powdered milk (potential) • Meat products (potential) • Textile products: t-shirts, jeans, women’s robes (potential)
  • 8. Afghanistan and Uzbekistan Export • Juice concentrate • Dried fruits (potential) for processing in Uzbekistan and further re-export to other countries. Uzbekistan has well- developed processing facilities, which meet international standards. • Vegetables: onions and potatoes (during off season) Import • Beverages: juices, mineral water, other beverages • Pharmaceutical products • Textile products (potential) • Mineral fertilizers • Foodstuff • Construction material (potential) • Canned products (potential)
  • 9. Afghanistan and Tajikistan Export • Re-export of dried fruits and fresh fruits (potential) • Juice concentrate (potential) • Vegetables: potatoes and onions (during off season) Import • Dairy products (potential) • Canned agriculture products: jams, pickled vegetables (potential) • Juices and non-alcoholic beverages (potential) • Textile products (potential): t- shirts, jeans, women’s robes • Construction materials (potential) • Electrical cables (potential)
  • 10. Afghanistan and Turkmenistan Export • Marble and onyx (white city Ashgabat) • Juice • Fresh fruits: apples, pomegranates, grapes, apricots (potential) • Dried fruits and nuts (potential) : raisins, apricots, mulberry, almonds, walnuts • Vegetables: onions and potatoes (during off season) Import • Construction material (potential) • Textile products (potential)
  • 11. Investment opportunities of Pakistan • Semi-industrialized economy: textiles, chemicals, food processing, agriculture and other industries • Developed textile and pharmaceutical sectors • Experience in production of certified products • 95% of total freight trade – seaborne: major seaports are Karachi, Muhammad Bin Qasim, and Gwadar
  • 12. Pakistan and Kazakhstan Export • Sugar • Leather • Pharmaceutical products • Vegetables • Textile products • Citrus Import • Edible oil • Steel • Hides • Coal
  • 13. Pakistan and Kyrgyzstan Export • Sugar • Rice • Pharmaceutical products • Citrus • Textile products: fabrics Import • Cotton • Beans • Hides • Milk powder • Meat products
  • 14. Pakistan and Uzbekistan Export • Sugar • Textile products: clothing • Pharmaceutical products • Vegetables: potato and onions • Citrus Import • Cotton and cotton yarn • Hides • Silk • Coal • Fertilizer
  • 15. Pakistan and Tajikistan Export • Sugar • Rice • Pharmaceutical products • Vegetables: potato and onion • Textile products: clothing and fabrics • Citrus Import • Cotton and cotton yarn • Dried fruits and nuts • Canned and processed fruits and vegetables • Hides
  • 16. Pakistan and Turkmenistan Export • Sugar • Rice • Pharmaceutical products • Citrus • Vegetables: potato and onion Import • Cotton and cotton yarn
  • 17. Potential joint ventures • Marble processing facilities • Fruits processing facilities • Construction material facilities • Flour mill in Tajikistan • Milk powder in Kyrgyzstan • Precious and semi-precious stones facilities • Wholesale market at border in Uzbekistan
  • 18. Existing obstacles and barriers • Security • Transport/transit • Visa procedure • Direct flight/connection • Corruption • Other barriers
  • 19. Recommendations • Organizing exhibitions of goods and services • Simplify visa issuance with support of Chambers • Open a trade house or exhibition hall • Hold regular business to business meetings (b2b) • Facilitate close coordination with Chamber of Commerce in each country