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Interpretative Interfaces for 
3D Historical Content

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Step inside the Image: 

Interpretative Interfaces for 
3D Historical Content

  1. 1. @timelessfuture Hugo Huurdeman University of Amsterdam postdoc, Virtual Interiors project Step inside the Image: 

 Interpretative Interfaces for 
 3D Historical Content CREATE SALON, 23/09/2020
  2. 2. 3D in the Humanities
  3. 3. 3D in the Humanities Engagement with complex data objects Lischer-Katz et al., 2019; Kraak et al, 2018
  4. 4. 3D in the Humanities Enhanced methods of analysis Papadopoulos & Schreibman, 2019; 
 Sullivan & Snyder, 2017 Engagement with complex data objects Lischer-Katz et al., 2019; Kraak et al, 2018
  5. 5. 3D in the Humanities Enhanced methods of analysis Papadopoulos & Schreibman, 2019; 
 Sullivan & Snyder, 2017 Exploring issues of human experience Sullivan, 2017; Gutiérrez et al., 2007; 
 Papadopoulos & Schreibman, 2019 Engagement with complex data objects Lischer-Katz et al., 2019; Kraak et al, 2018
  6. 6. 3D in the Humanities Enhanced methods of analysis Papadopoulos & Schreibman, 2019; 
 Sullivan & Snyder, 2017 Exploring issues of human experience Sullivan, 2017; Gutiérrez et al., 2007; 
 Papadopoulos & Schreibman, 2019 Modeling as an interpretative and exploratory tool 
 Piccoli, 2018; Sullivan & Snyder, 2017 Engagement with complex data objects Lischer-Katz et al., 2019; Kraak et al, 2018
  7. 7. 3D in the Humanities Enhanced methods of analysis Papadopoulos & Schreibman, 2019; 
 Sullivan & Snyder, 2017 Engagement with complex data objects Lischer-Katz et al., 2019; Kraak et al, 2018 Exploring issues of human experience Sullivan, 2017; Gutiérrez et al., 2007; 
 Papadopoulos & Schreibman, 2019 Understanding historical and cultural context
 e.g. Lischer-Katz et al, 2019; Agugiaro et al., 2011 Modeling as an interpretative and exploratory tool
 Piccoli, 2018; Sullivan & Snyder, 2017
  8. 8. 3D in the Humanities More and more scholarly 3D content produced
  9. 9. How to represent this in 3D interfaces? 3D in the Humanities More and more scholarly 3D content produced
  10. 10. How to represent this in 3D interfaces? 3D in the Humanities More and more scholarly 3D content produced 3D user interfaces Missing UX and UI standards, guidelines Wood, William, Copeland (2019) Conveying complexity of underlying research (1) Piccoli & Huurdeman, 2020; 
 Huurdeman & Piccoli, in prep. Personalization & customization (2)
 Huurdeman & Piccoli, in prep. Navigation & search (3) Huurdeman & Piccoli, 2020; 
 Huurdeman, 2018
  11. 11. 3D user interfaces Missing UX and UI standards, guidelines Wood, William, Copeland (2019) Conveying complexity of underlying research Piccoli & Huurdeman, 2020; 
 Huurdeman & Piccoli, in prep. Personalization & customization
 Huurdeman & Piccoli, in prep. Navigation & search Huurdeman & Piccoli, 2020; 
 Huurdeman, 2018
  12. 12. 3D visualization Voorhuys Pieter de Graeff (Chiara Piccoli)
  13. 13. 3D User Interface
  14. 14. 3D User Interface All the assumptions & data 
 that went behind it 
 
 (modeling decisions, 
 uncertainty, underlying data)
  15. 15. 3D User Interface All the assumptions & data 
 that went behind it 
 
 (modeling decisions, 
 uncertainty, underlying data) How can we make the “hidden” part more visible?
  16. 16. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  17. 17. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  18. 18. Contextual information
 Chiara Piccoli Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  19. 19. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  20. 20. Recon- struction information Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  21. 21. Recon- struction information Links to sources Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  22. 22. Links to Art & Arch. Thesaurus Recon- struction information Links to sources Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  23. 23. Links to Art & Arch. Thesaurus Recon- struction information Links to sources Associated images Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  24. 24. Links to Art & Arch. Thesaurus Recon- struction information Recon- struction confidence Links to sources Associated images Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  25. 25. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  26. 26. Analysis layers with confidence information Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  27. 27. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  28. 28. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  29. 29. 3D user interfaces Missing UX and UI standards, guidelines Wood, William, Copeland (2019) Conveying complexity of underlying research Piccoli & Huurdeman, 2020; 
 Huurdeman & Piccoli, in prep. Personalization & customization
 Huurdeman & Piccoli, in prep. Navigation & search Huurdeman & Piccoli, 2020; 
 Huurdeman, 2018 Personalization & customization
 Huurdeman & Piccoli, in prep.
  30. 30. 3D user interfaces Missing UX and UI standards, guidelines Wood, William, Copeland (2019) Conveying complexity of underlying research Piccoli & Huurdeman, 2020; 
 Huurdeman & Piccoli, in prep. Personalization & customization
 Huurdeman & Piccoli, in prep. Navigation & search Huurdeman & Piccoli, 2020; 
 Huurdeman, 2018
  31. 31. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  32. 32. Explore space with naturalistic or analytical lighting settings Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  33. 33. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  34. 34. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  35. 35. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  36. 36. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  37. 37. Try out different arrangements of objects Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  38. 38. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  39. 39. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  40. 40. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  41. 41. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  42. 42. Add custom annotations Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  43. 43. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  44. 44. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  45. 45. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  46. 46. 3D user interfaces Missing UX and UI standards, guidelines Wood, William, Copeland (2019) Conveying complexity of underlying research Piccoli & Huurdeman, 2020; 
 Huurdeman & Piccoli, in prep. Personalization & customization
 Huurdeman & Piccoli, in prep. Navigation & search Huurdeman & Piccoli, 2020; 
 Huurdeman, 2018 Navigation & search Huurdeman & Piccoli, 2020; 
 Huurdeman, 2018
  47. 47. 3D user interfaces Missing UX and UI standards, guidelines Wood, William, Copeland (2019) Conveying complexity of underlying research Piccoli & Huurdeman, 2020; 
 Huurdeman & Piccoli, in prep. Personalization & customization
 Huurdeman & Piccoli, in prep. Navigation & search Huurdeman & Piccoli, 2020; 
 Huurdeman, 2018
  48. 48. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  49. 49. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  50. 50. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  51. 51. Searching and highlighting objects Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  52. 52. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  53. 53. Experimental prototype Virtual Interiors viewer
  54. 54. Next steps
  55. 55. Exposing linked data structure Map of Zuid- Polsbroek Oak Table with marble top Heren- gracht 573
  56. 56. Leupeni us created by Rijks- museum view other works 
 by Leupenius view similar works 
 in the Rijksmuseum exhibited in … Exposing linked data structure Map of Zuid- Polsbroek Oak Table with marble top Heren- gracht 573
  57. 57. Leupeni us created by Rijks- museum view other works 
 by Leupenius view similar works 
 in the Rijksmuseum exhibited in … Pieter de Graeff Portrait of Jacoba Bicker Portrayed in Married to … … Jacoba Bicker Exposing linked data structure Map of Zuid- Polsbroek Oak Table with marble top Heren- gracht 573
  58. 58. Integration of 3D, 2D & data sources Virtual Research Environment demonstrator User 
 Interface 3D Docs 
 & Data 2D
  59. 59. Usability studies (PC, VR)
  60. 60. Usability studies (PC, VR) User studies: Jan ’20 & Spring ’21 SIGN UP here: bit.ly/3d-study Interested to try out our prototype 3D user interfaces?
  61. 61. Conclusion • Opening up access to 3D historical content 
 within Virtual Interiors project • Conveying complexity • Customization & Personalization • Navigation & Search • Towards more interpretative and “reflective” user interfaces SIGN UP here: bit.ly/3d-study
  62. 62. References • Agugiaro, G., Remondino, F., Girardi, G., Von Schwerin, J., Richards-Rissetto, H., & De Amicis, R. (2011). QueryArch3D: Querying and Visualising 3D Models of a Maya Archaeological Site in a Web-Based Interface. Geoinformatics FCE CTU, 6, 10–17. https://doi.org/ 10.14311/gi.6.2 • Bolter, J. D., & Gromala, D. (2006). Transparency and Reflectivity: Digital Art and the Aesthetics of Interface Design. In Aesthetic Computing (p. 9). MIT Press. • Gutierrez, D., Frischer, B., Cerezo, E., Gomez, A., & Seron, F. (2007). AI and virtual crowds: Populating the Colosseum. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 8(2), 176–185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2007.01.007 • Huurdeman, H. C. (2018). Supporting the complex dynamics of the information seeking process. PhD thesis. https://dare.uva.nl/search? identifier=1e3bf31a-0833-4ead-a00c-4cb1399d0216 • Huurdeman. H.C., and Piccoli, C. (in prep). Creating and publishing 3D reconstructions. To be published in 2021. • Kraak, M. J., Weber, A., van Lottum, J., & Engelhardt, Y. (2018). Toward VR Eventscapes for Spatio-Temporal Access to Digital Maritime Heritage. 2018 IEEE 14th International Conference on E-Science (e-Science), 413–414. https://doi.org/10.1109/eScience.2018.00129 • Lischer-Katz, Z., Hardesty, J., McDonald, R., Cook, M., Wittenberg, J., Hall, N., Johnson, J., & Carlisle, T. (2019). Supporting Virtual Reality and 3D in Academic Libraries—Defining Preservation and Curation Challenges. Proceedings iPres 2019 • Papadopoulos, C., & Schreibman, S. (2019). Towards 3D Scholarly Editions: The Battle of Mount Street Bridge. Digital Humanities Quarterly, 013(1) • Piccoli, C. (2018). Visualizing cityscapes of Classical antiquity: From early modern reconstruction drawings to digital 3D models: with a case study from the ancient town of Koroneia, in Boeotia, Greece. Archaeopress Publishing Ltd. • Piccoli, C., & Huurdeman, H. C. (2020, February). Visualizing 17th Century Amsterdam Interiors: Towards a Methodological  Framework for Creating and Publishing Annotated 3D Reconstructions. Sharing Practices - Archaeological 3D Visualisation in the Netherlands. Archon Winter School Symposium, Amersfoort / Amsterdam. http://www.3dvisualisationpractices.nl/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/ Booklet-1.pdf • Sullivan, E. A., & Snyder, L. M. (2017). Digital Karnak: An Experiment in Publication and Peer Review of Interactive, Three-Dimensional Content. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, 76(4), 464–482. https://doi.org/10.1525/jsah.2017.76.4.464 • Wood, Z., William, A., & Copeland, A. (2019). Virtual Reality for Preservation: Production of Virtual Reality Heritage Spaces in the Classroom. In: 3D/VR in the Academic Library: Emerging Practices and Trends
  63. 63. Acknowledgments • Materials in experimental prototype viewer: • 3D models: Chiara Piccoli • 3D paradata, data: Chiara Piccoli, Bart Reuvekamp • 2D maps data: Weixuan Li • Pictures • Background images slide 2-7: • Kraak et al, 2018; Papadopoulos & Schreibman, 2019, Gutiérrez et al., 2007; Piccoli, 2018; Agugiaro et al., 2011 (details: previous slide) • Iceberg image: Wikipedia Commons: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/ commons/a/ac/Iceberg.jpg • Researcher icon: https://thenounproject.com/term/female-student/1050400/ • Project funding: NWO
  64. 64. @timelessfuture Hugo Huurdeman University of Amsterdam postdoc, Virtual Interiors project Step inside the Image: 

 Interpretative Interfaces for 
 3D Historical Content
  65. 65. @timelessfuture Hugo Huurdeman University of Amsterdam postdoc, Virtual Interiors project Step inside the Image: 

 Interpretative Interfaces for 
 3D Historical Content SIGN UP here: bit.ly/3d-study SLIDES: slideshare.net/timelessfuture

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