Making Joomla Insecure - Explaining security by breaking it
Making Joomla! insecure Sydney JUG 09/08/2011 Presented by Tim Plummerwww.tamlyncreative.com.au/software
Test scenario• Joomla 1.5.23 with com_hello (Hello World) component installed• http://joomlacode.org/gf/download/frsreleas e/8111/29436/com_hello4_01.zip
What version of Hello World are you running?• http://localhost/sydjug/administrator/components/com_hello/install.xml
How to protect?• Password protect administrator folder in cpanel
How to password protect in cpanel?1. Create user2. Select user3. Password protect this directory
So what web server & PHP version do you use?• Now lets look at http://localhost/sydjug/components/com_hello/models/
How to protect?• Make sure every directory has an index.html file (or have a rule in your .htaccess to protect you)
Path disclosure• So now let’s take a look at• http://localhost/sydjug/components/com_hello/views/hello/view.html.php
How to protect?• Make sure every php file checks for _JEXEC• <?php defined(_JEXEC) or die(Restricted access); ?>• <?php defined(_JEXEC) or die(‘); ?>
SQL Injection• Lets add some vulnerabilities to com_weblinks• /components/com_weblinks/models/category.php• Before After• $id = JRequest::getVar(id, 0, , int); $id = JRequest::getVar(id);• $this->setId((int)$id); $this->setId($id);• WHERE catid = . (int) $this->_id. WHERE catid = . $this->_id.• And delete return true; in _loadCategory()• Now we have a vulnerable site to play with ☺
How to protect• Never trust user input, always sanitize variables, for example casting as int• (int)$catid
LFI – Local File Inclusion• Let’s add some vulnerable code to /components/com_weblinks/weblinks.php• This code is vulnerable to the local file include vulnerability as the input is not sanatised.
LFI – Local File Inclusion• http://localhost/sydjug/index.php?option=com_weblinks&controller=../../../tmp/test• Look, I’m executing code that I shouldn’t be (I created a test.php file with phpinfo just to demonstrate)
How to protect?• Use getWord instead of getVar• Check if file exists• As you can see, by using the getWord function the controller variable will be sanitised and will filter out everything except for letters and underscores. Also the file_exists also helps to protect from remote file inclusion.
Other security tips• Always have a good regular backups (I recommend Akeeba Backup)• Never use default database prefix jos_ (use Admin Tools Core from Akeeba to change)
Other security tips• Always keep up with current Joomla version (use Admin Tools core to update)• Never use 777 file permission (use Admin Tools Core fix permissions)• Change super admin user id from default 62 (Use Admin Tools Core Super Administrator ID to change) – also recommended to set user id 62’s group to registered and disable user.
Other security tips• Get a decent .htaccess file• http://docs.joomla.org/Htaccess_examples_%28security%29• Keep your extensions up to date (developers often release security fixes)
Other security tips• Look at your website cpanel error logs/raw access logs (they are interesting and sometimes scary)• 220.127.116.11 - - [09/Aug/2011:08:54:59 +1000] "GET /index.php?option=com_myfiles&controller=../../../../../../../../../../../../..//proc/self/environ%0000 HTTP/1.1" 404 613 "-" "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 6.0; America Online Browser 1.1; rev1.2; Windows NT 5.1;)“• 18.104.22.168 - - [09/Aug/2011:13:28:02 +1000] "GET //index.php?option=com_alphauserpoints&view=../../../../../../../../../../../../..//proc/self/environ%0000 HTTP/1.1" 404 613 "-" "Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; U; PPC Mac OS X Mach-O; en-US; rv:1.7.12) Gecko/20050915 Firefox/1.0.7"
Other security tips• Set error reporting to “none” in your global config• Be careful what file extension types you allow in media manager
Other security tips• Disable unused core extensions, this way in future if a vulnerability is identified in say com_banners, your site wont be at risk
Lessons• Many extension development tutorials have security vulnerabilities in them.• It only takes one insecure extension to make your site vulnerable.• Security is an ongoing exercise, it’s not just something you do when you initially set up your site