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MHFL dietary regimen research overview

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Summary of the evidence-based nutrition in healthcare associated with Mediterranean-style eating, brought to you by Mediterranean Harvest For Life

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MHFL dietary regimen research overview

  1. 1. Mediterranean Harvest For Life® (MHFL) Dietary Regimen Will Deliver Evidence-Based Nutrition In Healthcare Plus Other Societal Impacts Reduce Food Costs For The Poor… Improve The Environment… Enable Weight Loss… Extend Lifespans…Avert Chronic Illnesses… And More: Diabetes Longer Life Weight Loss Clogged Arteries Heart Health BloodPressure Cancers Consider All The Impacts Documented In Longitudinal And Other Scientific Research! Fertility & Birth Defects 1945; Updated Methane & Nitrous Oxide Reduction ‘ COPD ® ® MHFL provided exhaustive research summaries to USDA’s Nutrition Evidence Library. Chronic diseases affect 45% of the U. S. (133 million cases) and account for 81% of hospitalizations; 91% of prescriptions; 76% of physician visits -- and the problem continues to grow. Of all Medicare spending, 99% is for chronic disease. Source: Improving Patient and Health System Outcomes through Advanced Pharmacy Practice A Report to the U.S. Surgeon General 2011 Cut Food Costs And Pantry Dependence For The Poor Cognitive Function
  2. 2. Eleven senior doctors presented a compelling appeal to Prime Minister David Cameron, insisting that it’s time for Mediterranean-style eating to be placed at the forefront of health policy. “The evidence base for the Mediterranean diet in preventing all of the chronic diseases that are plaguing the Western world is overwhelming,” says Dr. Richard Hoffman, one of the lead authors of a letter to Cameron. http://www.treehugger.com/green-food/doctors-say-eating-mediterranean-diet-best-way-prevent-chronic- illness.html Top Doctors Appealed to Great Britain’s David Cameron to Advocate Mediterranean-Style Eating as Health Policy to Prevent Chronic Illnesses
  3. 3. Mediterranean-Style Eating = Weight Loss & More Researchers believed Mediterranean-style eating might help people maintain a healthy weight and avoid health problems related to obesity, and they sought to confirm this. Their conclusion: The greater the adherence to the Mediterranean style of eating, the lower the participant’s body mass index and the lower the risk of becoming obese. The study affirmed that the Mediterranean style of eating is a healthy way to eat and contains essential nutrients in healthy quantities that can help a person avoid becoming obese. In a Brigham and Woman’s Hospital comparative study of 61 overweight people who consumed one of two diets -- a low-fat diet or Mediterranean-diet – Mediterranean won out for stick-to-it-tiveness. After 6 months, both groups saw similar weight loss, but after month 12, a large number of the Mediterranean group stuck with the diet and maintained their weight loss. Conversely, many on the low-fat diet couldn't stick with it and not only regained their lost weight, but weighed more than before the study began. Importantly, related to weight loss or lack there of: Johns Hopkins’ researchers indicated swapping out certain foods can improve heart health in those at risk for cardiovascular disease, even if the dietary changes aren’t coupled with weight loss. Weight Loss “Greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet was associated with a 51% lower odds of being obese and a 59% lower odds of having central obesity,” wrote lead author Panagiotakos.
  4. 4. Mediterranean-Style Eating Improves Heart Health Heart disease is the #1 killer of men and women in the United States, but Mario Negri Research institute reported the Mediterranean diet halves the risk of heart attacks plus reduces incidence of high blood pressure and strokes. Also, adhering to a Mediterranean diet can improve heart health by 80%, according researchers at University of Granada, Spain. Women sticking closest to the Mediterranean style of eating had 40% less risk of sudden cardiac death than those women whose diets least matched a Mediterranean style, according to a Brigham and Woman’s Hospital study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. In a similar study presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 64th Annual Scientific Session, those who scored in the top-third in terms of adherence to the Mediterranean diet were 47 percent less likely to develop heart disease over the 10- year follow-up period compared to participants in the bottom-third of compliance. A relatively new factor may be a more important cause of heart attacks than artery-damaging cholesterol: C-reactive protein, or CRP, a blood-borne marker of inflammation that, along with coagulation factors, is now increasingly recognized as the factor behind clots that block blood flow to the heart. Yet patients are seldom tested for CRP, even if they already have heart problems. The good news: there’s newly discovered merit in Mediterranean eating helping avert this issue. (NYT, 1/13/09) The 1988 Lyon Diet Heart Study compared effects of Mediterranean-style diet with one the American Heart Association recommended at the time for patients who survived a first heart attack. The comparison indicated that within four years, the Mediterranean approach cut rates of heart disease recurrence and cardiac death by 50% to 70% versus the prudent low-fat diet that had been recommended for heart patients. Study results were so compelling, the 5-year comparison was ended in year 4 for ethical reasons. Those in the top-third of adherence to a Mediterranean diet were 47% less likely to develop heart disease over a 10- year follow-up period vs. participants in the bottom-third of compliance. Heart Health
  5. 5. Mediterranean-Style Eating Helps Address Diabetes Those who ate a diet rich in vegetables and whole grains with at least 30% of daily calories from fat (mostly olive oil) were better able to manage without diabetes medications than those who ate a low-fat diet with no more than 30% of calories from fat (with less than 10% from saturated fat). The Mediterranean diet may help with type 2 diabetes prevention due to the time it takes for the body to process foods in the diet, notes Dr. Fedon Lindberg, a Norwegian endocrinologist who’s treated over 18,000 diabetics. "My experience with type 2 diabetic patients is that a balanced low-glycemic diet coupled with a healthy lifestyle can reverse the disease. We have had many patients coming to us who were injecting high doses of insulin, as many as 200 units daily, who have managed to quit insulin and come off medications for blood pressure and other conditions.” Dr. Lindberg's uses Mediterranean-diet of unprocessed food such as fruit, vegetables, and whole grains. It also entails olive oil, so the diet contains more fat than the conventional weight-loss diet. “Within eight months of following Lindberg's recommendations, I stopped taking insulin… my blood sugar is normal,” noted a registered nurse who is one of Lindberg’s patients. This is important, as W.H.O. predicts type 2 diabetes will likely double in 15 years if our unhealthy diets continue. DiabetesThose who adhered to the Mediterranean diet most strictly enjoyed a relative reduction of 83% in the risk of diabetes, according to researchers at the University of Navarra, Spain. Scientists at Second University of Naples, Italy found adhering to a Mediterranean diet may help prevent development of type 2 diabetes and improve blood sugar control in type 2 diabetics.
  6. 6. Mediterranean-Style Eating Helps Avert Cancer Researchers concluded “that adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet is associated with markedly and significantly reduced incidence of overall cancer” In particular, changing key aspects of a person’s diet -- such as using olive oil instead of butter and reducing red meats while upping beans, lentils, peas -- could reduce overall risk of developing cancer 12%. (U. Athens Medical School) Both epidemiological and lab studies have shown Mediterranean diet has a protective effect against biochemical and molecular processes that lead to cancer, cardiovascular disease and respiratory illness. Estimated 30–40 percent of all cancers can be prevented by appropriate diets, physical activity, and maintenance of appropriate body weight. (Khan (2011) Cancer Prevention Through Employ of Diet) Up to 25% of the incidence of colorectal cancer, 15% of breast cancer, and 10% of prostate cancer could be prevented if populations of developed western countries would shift to the traditional healthy Mediterranean diet, according to a study in Cancer Epidemiology. Olive oil may help to prevent damage to cells that can lead to cancer, according a study from Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark, as it can reduce oxidative damage to cells' genetic material, which can initiate cancer development. Women whose diet included large amounts of olive oil reduced their risk of ovarian cancer by 30% (Reported in Cancer Causes and Control.) The Lyon Diet Heart Study led researchers to conclude a Mediterranean diet also reduced the risk of cancer. Compared to an American Heart Association diet, those on the Mediterranean diet had 61% fewer cancers diagnosed. Patients eating Mediterranean had less than half the new cases of cancer, death rate (from all causes) was about half. (Archive of Int. Medicine: Mediterranean diet in randomized trial) Cancers
  7. 7. Mediterranean-Style Eating Clears Arteries And Can Improve Cholesterol What’s the recipe for healthier blood vessels in just eight weeks? Start with a Mediterranean-style diet. Then add regular exercise. Your blood vessels will likely be healthier in just eight weeks! These dramatic findings were released during an American Heart Association Conference in 2005. Doctors indicated the impact of Mediterranean eating can be rapid. After just eight weeks, Mediterranean style eating can help arteries become more elastic. After three months, heart disease risk can drop 15%. University of Navarra research concluded, “a modification in the entire diet pattern (to Mediterranean-style eating) managed to achieve, in just one year, results that pharmaceutical drugs did not – even after two years of treatment.” For those who had suffered the greatest thickening due to arteriosclerosis, a significant improvement and regression of lesions occurred in those cases that had followed a Mediterranean diet. A key component of the so-called “Mediterranean diet,” olive oil may help protect against strokes caused by blocked arteries. French researchers report that people who used the most olive oil for cooking and salad dressings were 41% less likely to suffer an ischemic stroke. Business Week, 1/17/08, noted widespread use of statins costs billions of dollars annually, yet research suggests that, except among high-risk heart patients, the benefits of statins are overstated. The article underscores that since health-care dollars are limited, our resources should be going to interventions that would be of greatest benefit, as noted by Dr. Beatrice Golomb, an associate professor of medicine at the University of California at San Diego School of Medicine. The article asks, “What would work better than statins? Perhaps urging people to switch to a Mediterranean diet.” Clogged Arteries
  8. 8. Mediterranean-Style Eating Improves Blood Pressure Research results suggest that adhering to a Mediterranean-type diet could contribute to the prevention of age-related changes in blood pressure, according to a dynamic Spanish prospective cohort study conducted during 1999-2005. Adhering to Mediterranean-style eating may improve vascular health and reduce the risk of hypertension, according to a study published in the European Journal Of Clinical Nutrition. Scientists at the University of Athens Medical School in Greece found individuals adhering to the Mediterranean diet had lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure than individuals who did not, as published in "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition,“ 2004. BloodPressure
  9. 9. Mediterranean-Style Eating Cuts Risk Of Deadly COPD In Half; Even Cuts Risk Of Death Among Smokers Mediterranean-style” diet can reduce your risk of deadly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by half, according to researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health. Mediterranean-style eating was found to even help offset some of the adverse impacts of smoking. University of Cambridge researchers found that participants who were smokers but were not overweight nearly halved their risk of death when they closely followed the Mediterranean style of eating. Researchers explained that smokers may have had the most to gain from the antioxidant and blood fat-lowering effects of Mediterranean- style eating. COPD
  10. 10. Mediterranean-Style Eating Cuts Risk Of Alzheimer’s Disease, Parkinson’s Disease And Cognitive Impairment Participants who scored in the upper third for participation in a Mediterranean diet were found to have a 60% lower risk of Alzheimer's disease vs. people not on the diet, according to a study by Dr. Scarmeas in Archives of Neurology). Similarly, people who followed the Mediterranean diet most closely had a 40% lower risk of Alzheimer’s than those with the lowest adherence, according to a study published in Annals of Neurology. Which is important, as most treatment appears ineffective, according to a study in Science indicating the road to effective Alzheimer's treatment is littered with failures. Mediterranean-eating can cut the risk of Parkinson’s disease nearly in half according to researchers at University of Tokyo published in the European Journal of Neurology (ANI). Researchers found that healthy eating habits slashed the risk of the incurable brain disorder by up to 46%. In a study of New Yorkers, those sticking closest to a Mediterranean-eating were 28% less likely to develop mild cognitive impairment than those with lowest adherence. In a study comparing eating habits and mental abilities of older Chicagoans, those who stuck most closely to a Mediterranean-style diet saw a slower rate of cognitive decline with aging. People who ate most like Mediterraneans had brains that functioned as if they were several years younger, according to Rush University Medical Center research.
  11. 11. Mediterranean-Style Eating Yields Healthier Babies • Thinking of conceiving? Women who eat a Mediterranean-style diet boost their chances of getting pregnant, according to a Spanish study. Those who ate a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, fish and whole grains enjoyed increased fertility. • Researchers believe the Mediterranean diet could be the reason France has the lowest birth defect incidence rate in the world, according to a March Of Dimes comprehensive study on the global burden of birth defects. • Researchers say that birth defects like brain and spine problems -- called neural tube defects -- as well as cleft lip and cleft palate, were less common in mothers who closely followed either a Mediterranean diet or the food guide pyramid. • A paper published in Thorax found that women who followed the diet while pregnant may also protect their baby from childhood asthma and allergy. • et Fertility & Birth Defects
  12. 12. Mediterranean-Style Eating Can Add Years To Your Life – Even If You Start Later In Life • et Those who adhere to the Mediterranean style of eating --- when combined with exercise, not smoking and maintaining a healthy weight – could potentially add eight to 15 years to their lives when compared to those living an unhealthy lifestyle, according to researchers at Maastricht University in the Netherlands. Depending on when they engage, women can benefit most, as they can potentially live an extra 15 years when compared to those engaged in “least healthy” lifestyles, while men can potentially live eight additional years. Seniors take note: Eat Mediterranean-style, and you could gain 3 years of extra life, even if you begin the process in your later years. That wonderful conclusion is based on a scientific study of 1,200 people over 70. Those who followed Mediterranean style eating tended to live two to three years longer than those who didn’t, according to scientists from Sweden’s University of Gothenburg. Longer Life
  13. 13. Mediterranean-Style Eating Also Improves The Environment "We should think more about our high meat consumption," said Andreas Troge, head of Germany's Federal Environmental Agency. "I recommend a return to Sunday roasts and an orientation on Mediterranean eating habits," adding such a lifestyle change was good for one's health plus reduces carbon footprint. According to the United Nations Environment Programme, Unit on Climate Change, "There is a strong link between human diet and methane emissions from livestock." According to Dr. Pachauri, head of the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change, "the most attractive" near-term solution (to adverse climate change) is for everyone to simply "reduce meat consumption", a change, he says, that would have more impact than switching to a hybrid-energy car. According to another United Nations report, cattle-rearing generates more global warming greenhouse gases, as measured in CO2 equivalent, than transportation. "Livestock are one of the most significant contributors to today's most serious environmental problems, "senior U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) official Henning Steinfeld said. Cattle-rearing is also a major source of land and water degradation, according to the FAO report. "The environmental costs per unit of livestock production must be cut by one half, just to avoid the level of damage worsening beyond its present level," it warns. However, the agency warns that meat consumption is set to double by the middle of the century, due to increased global prosperity. Methane Reduction Experts believe that droughts and floods that impact global food supply, food security and pricing -- which can result in starvation, migration and conflict -- can be reduced by reducing methane; and Mediterranean-style eating can make a huge, rapid impact.
  14. 14. Mediterranean-Style Eating Can Help The Poor Reduce Food Costs, Reduce Dependence On Pantries And Improve Health Mediterranean diet can cut food costs and improve food security -- including among people who rely on food banks for groceries, a new study suggests. People who were educated about how to eat, cook and abide by the Mediterranean diet experienced decreases in grocery bills, decreases in reliance on food pantries, increases in produce consumption, and reduction in weight, according to researchers from The Miriam Hospital and the Rhode Island Community Food Bank. Participants bought fewer and fewer sodas, desserts, snacks and meat, and more and more veggies and fruits. They also recorded weight loss. BIG SOCIETAL IMPACTS "Not only did (Mediterranean eating) study participants cut their food spending by more than half, saving nearly $40 per week, the reliance on a food pantry decreased as well, from 68% to 54%...” Reduce Food Cost & Food Pantry Dependence For The Poor
  15. 15. Why advocate Mediterranean-style eating among all the “diets”? Research indicates that promoting the merits of Mediterranean-style eating actually will affect a change toward healthier living,1 -- something that’s not happened historically with any other “diet” despite our $40 billion+ annual spending on diets overall. Amid all the “diet” confusion, Mediterranean-style eating is the only dietary regimen with longitudinal research proving how food functionality helps to address chronic illness and extend lifespans. ➢ The unique functionality of the combination of foods in Mediterranean-style eating – extra virgin olive oil, whole grains, fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, seeds, herbs, fish with Omega 3 fatty acids, and a lower consumption of lean meat and dairy – has been proven essential to chronic illness prevention, and critical for a weight loss strategy that people can stick with, and has been documented in extensive media coverage. People are recognizing this. There’s Proof That Advocating Mediterranean-Style Eating Will Affect Behavior Change And Impact Chronic Illness 1.Source: http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00038-011-0327-8#page-1. “Conclusion: Exposure to mass media information is significantly associated with greater adherence to both Mediterranean diet and Mediterranean-like eating pattern, an association that public health strategies should take into account.”
  16. 16. Uniqueness Of MHFL’s Lifestyle Management System Bolsters Health Impacts Of Mediterranean-Style Eating And Encourages Migration From Poor Eating Habits To Healthy Eating Validated By Food & Nutrition Scientists, MHFL Provides Significant Differentiation Vs. Other Diets -- Even Other Mediterranean Diets -- To Meet Consumers’ Needs MHFL uniquely blends Mediterranean-style eating with: 1.) an emphasis on a higher proportion of low-calorie/high-nutrient foods -- so those accustomed to consuming a lot can feel full without filling out, and 2.) a focus on “High Octane” foods proven most efficacious at impacting health MHFL will be delivering essential lifestyle management tools to augment and affirm the nutritional value in Mediterranean-style eating Existing Resources: • Educational “MHFL brand” experience needed to lead behavior change • “MHFL Trapezoid” specifying foods with functionality that produces health impacts • “MHFL Research” citing longitudinal studies on impacts of Mediterranean-style eating on chronic illness, weight loss and long-term weight maintenance, and lifespans (MHFL’s extensive research materials were provided to the USDA Nutrition Evidence Library) • “MHFL HELP” (Healthy Eating & Living Plan) offering tips proven to help shift to healthier eating • “MHFL Best Of All Functional Foods” document explaining food functionality and health impacts • “MHFL Nutrition Facts” guide to managing weight, identifies foods with less calories than grams • Conformity to USDA MyPlate/SuperTracker qualified MHFL as a MyPlate Community Partner • Advocacy for evidence-based nutrition in healthcare/nutrition as part of the healthcare continuum Planned Resources: • “MHFL League” community/social network/cooking classes/shopping club to encourage change • MHFL coupons and offers from healthy food brands, restaurants, fitness, insurers, etc. • Expansion and tracking of impact on food budgets and dependency on pantries among the poor • MHFL match to health outcomes to document impact of evidence-based nutrition in healthcare • Continued advocacy of MHFL impact on methane and climate
  17. 17. Expert Panel Affirms The Healthcare Value In Mediterranean Harvest For Life Dr. Tim Carr, UNL professor of Nutrition and Health Science, validated the potential health impact of MHFL: ”Dr. Carr mentioned this (MHFL) concept represents leading a big, necessary change in our lifestyles; and he drew the analogy between the Phil Skololof, who single handedly led the change to eliminate trans fats from commercial cooking, and LMI’s strategy to migrate people to this more healthy (MHFL) lifestyle.” University of Nebraska Food Processing Center Expert Panel Summary
  18. 18. THANK YOU! For More Information Contact: Tim Maurer tim.maurer@mediterraneanharvest.com 402-212-7973 www.mediterraneanharvest.com ® ® A community service of:

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