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Sustainability development indicators now and in the future, Jari Lyytimäki, Finnish Environment Institute SYKE

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Users Conference 30.9.2019, Statistics Finland

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Sustainability development indicators now and in the future, Jari Lyytimäki, Finnish Environment Institute SYKE

  1. 1. Jari Lyytimäki Finnish Environment Institute SYKE Jari.lyytimaki @ ymparisto.fi @lyytimaki Sustainability development indicators now and in the future Figures for tomorrow Statistics Finland, Helsinki. 30/09/2019
  2. 2. ● Sustainability development indicators - mission impossible? ● A brief history of sustainable development indicators in Finland ● The current status of indicators ● Thoughts on development potential and risks Topics Photo by Jill Heyer is Unsplash
  3. 3. How to describe change, sustainability and durability Image source: Lyytimäki 2009 Wide range of information ● Stories, myths ● Words, images ● Numbers, measurements Interpreting the information flood ● Integrating indicators ● Differentiating indicatorsLinear change, non-linear change, jumping change, environmental status, environmental burden, jumping slowly reversible change
  4. 4. Finland has a well-established national policy model for sustainable development Source: Berg et al 2019
  5. 5. Government’s Agenda2030 report (implementation plan 2017) Prime Minister's Office Agenda 2030 coordination secretariat National monitoring network Chair: PMO Ministry of Foreign Affairs Sustainable development coordination network: all ministries Prime Minister’s Office, Ministry of the environment Social Contract for Sustainability (2013) Government Report on Development Policy (2016) Development policy committee Chair: an MP National Commission on Sustainable Development Chair: Prime minister Expert panel on sustainable development Finnish Agenda 2030 Youth Group coordinated by Allianssi 5 Finland has a well-established national policy model for sustainable development
  6. 6. Two national collections of sustainability development indicators Statistics Finland Agenda 2030 SDG Other national indicators, e.g. findikaattori.fi Sector indicators, e.g. luonnontila.fi sotkanet.fi agrikaattori
  7. 7. UN indicators 14.1.1 --- Index of coastal eutrophication and floating plastic debris density National indicators Different collections! Different content, Different format, Different audiences
  8. 8. Finland’s UN indicators National indicators of sustainable development Framework for indicators SDG framework, 17 main goals,169 targets, 232 indicators 8 national targets, 10 indicator baskets with 4 to 6 indicators Current status of development work 02/2019 first version, continuous development Baskets published in 2017 to 2019, update 09/2019 Target group UN reporting National decision makers and stakeholders, media, interested citizens Responsible for development Statistical authority (Statistics Finland) in cooperation with research institutions Central government (Prime Minister's Office) in cooperation with an expert and stakeholder network Websites http://www.stat.fi/tup/kestavan- kehityksen-yk-indikaattorit- agenda2030_en.html https://kestavakehitys.fi/seur anta Is the tandem pedalled in the same direction?
  9. 9.  Contents: An international pioneer, but data is lacking in many indicators, some indicators are difficult to interpret ☺ Contents: Fully compatible with the international SDG framework  Process: Does not take national characteristics and data needs into account, low (?) direct effect on the national level  Process: Reconciliation with national monitoring and data production systems is challenging, resources needed for reporting ☺ Process: Serves the UN’s needs and international comparison excellently UN based indicator work☺ and 
  10. 10. ☺ Contents: Knowledge-based approach ensures availability of data on all selected indicators  Contents: Poor compatibility with the SDG framework, risk of confusion?  Contents: Relatively vague 8 sustainable development targets on the national level and no clear target levels and schedules ☺ Processes: Connections with national decision making considered in advance, inclusive and communicative approach  Processes: lack of resources in preparation and updating compared to ambitiousness National indicator work ☺ and 
  11. 11. 11 Conclusion: The indicator tandem has risks and difficulties but no sense to hop off at this stage Photo by Jakob Owens on Unsplash
  12. 12. ● The indicators themselves? ● The reliability, coverage, timeliness of the information base ● Communication and interaction processes? ● Understandability of the indicators, functionality of interaction, collecting feedback and learning from it ● The use of the indicators? ● Factors outside the production and communication processes of the indicators The future of the indicators: what should development focus on? Relatively much information on development needs, risks are known Less information, opportunities and risks are more open
  13. 13. ● Berg A. ym. (2019). POLKU2030 – Suomen kestävän kehityksen politiikan arviointi. Prime Minister’s Office, Helsinki. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-952-287- 653-9 ● Lyytimäki J. (in print) Thermostat or thermometer? A Finnish perspective on the overloaded role of sustainability indicators in societal transition. Sustainable Development 2019; 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1002/sd.1941 ● Lyytimäki J. (2019). Seeking SDG Indicators. Nature Sustainability 2: 646. Doi: 10.1038/s41893-019-0346-7 https://rdcu.be/bJgyu ● Lyytimäki J. (2009). Jälkeemme vedenpaisumus? Gaudeamus, Helsinki. ● Kohti eko-hyvinvointivaltiota: Yhteiskunnallisen vaikuttavuuden orkestrointi (ORSI-hanke) Literature
  14. 14. Thank you!

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