Berkeley Springs Assessment 4

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  • Tiff
  • Tiff After the Civil War Bath began to rebuild from the destruction. The thing that remained intact were the famous springs. The post office became the official name Berkeley Springs. Sister city to Bath, Somerset, England. Bath became known to the world as Berkeley Springs in 1802 when the Virginia postal system was established and there was already a Bath, Virginia in Bath County. The waters were known as Berkeley Springs because the protocol was to name springs after the county in which they were located. At that time, Bath was part of Berkeley County named after colonial Governor Norborne Berkeley.
  • My informant stated that he is against zoning because of the cost of hiring new employees in the town to enforce the zoning. Property and Real estate taxes would likely have to rise to pay the new employees. Never did he mention how the jobs could benefit the community.Tiff
  • Tiff
  • Citizens National Bank is the hometown bank and has expanded to having several branches in other counties. The board and CEO have an influence in the community and will sometimes attend meetings with town leadership to discuss issues. They think it is good for business for people in the community to see that they are involved and sponsoring events around town. Just saw that US Silicia is moving the corporate office to Frederick so 20 jobs will be lost. They can commute and keep their jobs if they choose. Tiff
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  • Berkeley Springs Assessment 4

    1. 1. 1 Pamela Reiman, Jennifer Winslow, Renee Clark Sean Hillary and Tiffany Hendershot Community Assessment
    2. 2. Berkeley Springs, WV 2
    3. 3. • International Water Tasting-February • Uniquely West Virginia Food and Wine Festival- April • B.S.V.F.D. Carnival- July • Apple Butter Festival- October 3
    4. 4. 4 The Morgan County Commission •3 members: Rhonda Hutchinson, Stacy Dugan and Brad Close (recently elected to replace Tommy Swaim) •They each have a 6 year term with one member expiring every 2 years. •They are in charge of the financial affairs of Morgan County. The commissioners are known to have disagreements on public policy and county regulations. The commissioners used to be the “good ‘ole boys” until 2 women were elected. Town of Bath Mayor: Susan Webster Council Members: David Crosby, Nancy Harvey, Dale Lutman, Scott Merki, and Ryan Rebant Movers and Shakers: Daryl Cowles R- Morgan District 51 Delegate Charles Trump --local attorney Bill Clark –executive director of the Morgan County Economic Development Authority Jeanne Mozier- Creative Economy Task Force
    5. 5. To Zone or Not to Zone? That is the question! 5 The zoning ordinance proposal fell 4-1 in the November election. It was a hot issue around town with signs for both parties. Vote No Zoning signs were borrowed from Berkeley County so there were an abundance of them compared to the Vote For Zoning signs. PROMOTE-Property Rights Organization of Morgan County on Taxes and Ethics •Loss of property rights •Escalate property taxes •Add another layer of government •Hurt local economy PROTECT Morgan County •Perserving the rural character •Manage density of housing •Directing commercial activity to appropriate areas •Limiting the location of billboards •Protecting water recharge areas
    6. 6. 6 November Election Signs
    7. 7. TOP TEN EMPLOYERS 2005 7 Rank Employer # of Employees (F/PT) 1. MC Board of Education 400 2. U.S. Silica 168 3. War Memorial Hospital 150 4. Caperton Furniture (Seely’s) 103 5. Citizens National Bank 70 6. Food Lion 68 7. Country Inn 60 8. Cacapon State Park 26/100 9. Washington Homeopathic Products 34 10. Eddie’s Tire Service 19
    8. 8. Morgan Arts Council 8 •Town began to flourish when MAC was founded in 1977. •Located in the 40,000 square foot Ice House which used to be an apple cold storage. •Has an active House Theater Project and changing exhibit gallery with ArtWalks to mark show openings. •Home to concerts, art classes, cultural lectures, youth theater, yoga and zumba classes •Ice House School of the Arts •Berkeley Springs is placed in the top 10 art destinations among small cities and towns in America. More people visited the Art Gallery at the Ice House in one year than live in Morgan County. Berkeley Springs Studio Tour brings hundreds of visitors twice a year to several locations around the town to purchase artwork.
    9. 9. 9 Location Tourism Landscape Arts Close knit community
    10. 10. 10 Lack of Higher Education Opportunities • The third floor of the Ice House is being renovated for Blue Ridge Technical College to provide a massage therapy certification program. •It will be the first in the state. Lack of Employment Opportunities Business park located 11 miles outside of town is under-utilized •Only has 2 businesses •Undeveloped infrastructure requirements •No public water and sewer High volume of traffic • especially tractor and trailers Lack of Diversity
    11. 11. 11 •General Government Employment Growing •Especially in Public Education & Health Field •Overall Major Employment Entities Continue to Decline •Especially in Manufacturing and Service Industry Sectors •Private Sector Employment between 1990 – 2000 increased 13% •One of the lowest ranked regions in the State •Public Employment Rate grew by more than 25% during same period •Important to recognize that the smaller non-basic employment industry is an integral part of the success of the local economy (not included in top ten). Combined they produce a significant amount of the employment base.
    12. 12. Commercial Activity Morgan County 12 DESCRIPTION SALES ($1,000) # ESTABLISHMENTS WHOLESALE TRADE NA 7 RETAIL TRADE $82,426 53 INFORMATION NA 5 REAL ESTATE $2,263 10 PROFESSIONAL, SCIENTIFIC NA 14 TECHNICAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATIVE & SUPPORT WASTE MGMT & REMEDIATION NA 11 EDUCATIONAL SERVICES NA 2 HEALTHCARE & SOCIAL $31,568 24 ASSISTANCE ARTS, ENTERTAINMENT & NA 6 RECREATION ACCOMMODATION & FOOD $18,033 22 SERVICES OTHER NA 24
    13. 13. Shift in Community Outlook on Acceptable Uses of Industrial Sites 13 •Environmental Concerns Aesthetics •Largest single industrial site is U.S. Silica Major Mining operations of Oriskany sand Owns 2,786 acres; but only utilizes small percentage Natural mineral resource is being depleted •Anticipated that only 20 years of productivity remain (2020)
    14. 14. Construction Industry 14 •Major Economic Sector in Morgan County Businesses & Services •Construction & Renovation Actual Construction Attorneys Realtors Landscapers •Retail establishments to supply projects Hunter’s, Dawson’s, Clark’s, Berkeley Flooring & Tiling •Continued demand for Seasonal Housing •Vacation, Second and Retirement Properties 25% of Morgan County Homes are 2nd Homes •Costs have increased from $50,000 to more than $200,000 •Trend toward middle age and older couples to use as retirement locations
    15. 15. Land Use Planning 15 •Suggested as the Biggest Economic issue facing the community •Consensus that growth is imperative; but community is divided over how it should be accomplished •Community desire to promote economic development •Objective: Encourage sound growth: “Least intrusive means to accomplish the desired end”
    16. 16. Example of Economic Conflict Within Community: Proposed Villages at Coolfont 16 Sound & Healthy Economic Growth Or Mortgaging the County’s Future for Short Term Economic Bliss? Coolfont Resort – Historically a Large Contributor to Tourism Base Previously Ranked as 3rd Largest Employer Closed in 2005 Property Sold to Carl M. Freeman (November 2005) Proposed Development Resort Community 1,200 – 1,400 homes Enhancement of Lake Siri, Recreational Development, Restaurant, Spa, Golf Course Petitioned for County Approval as a Community Enhancement District
    17. 17. •Originally Proposed – 1st Stage Development completed in 2010 Carl Freeman died in Helicopter Accident Recession in Economy; Deterioration in Housing Market •Projected Economic Benefits Increase in Property Tax Revenues of approximately $1.4 million Over First Five Years – 150 Construction Jobs Over Life of Project – 500 Construction Jobs •Estimated $18.2 million projected in economic growth with 300 service jobs •Community Opposition Infrastructure Water Sewer Traffic/Roads Flood Plain Protection •January 2010 – DEP Public Hearing regarding Proposed Sewer System Attended by over 100 residents More than 50% of attendees opposed project 17 COOLFONT CONTINUED…
    18. 18. Cacapon Mountain Aquifer 18 Principal recharge area for Berkeley Springs Supplies water systems for: *Town of Berkeley Springs *WV Dept. of Natural Resources *Cacapon State Park *Coolfont Homeowners’ Assoc Other Water Users of this aquifer include private well owners Most productive AND fragile groundwater Issues: Quantity & Quality of water turns of land use Contaminants Run-off Impact of development in known karst areas Currently there is a Moratorium on New Water Services provided by the Berkeley Springs Water Department which serves the Town and 800 customers in the County
    19. 19. Economic Needs 19 Morgan County Economic Summit (June 11, 2008) Held by Morgan County Economic Development Authority Attended by 55 of 67 invited Morgan County business owners Conclusions Reached: 1. Undisputed First Priority – Improvements to Technology Infrastructure 1. Need Cell Signals Throughout County a. High Speed Connection to Internet b. Reliability 2. Tech Infrastructure 3. Water Infrastructure 4. Adequate Work Force & Training 5. Integrated Health Care Including hospital, increased affiliates, alternative, geriatric and independent living. Enhanced Cultural Activities, Arts, Higher Education, & Nightlife
    20. 20. 20 Berkeley Springs State Park- Country’s smallest state park – 4 acres in center of town Roman Baths – There is belief that the mineral water has a healing effect Renown for its warm mineral springs – 74 degrees year round Watch the crystal clear water bubble up out of the ground in the park 2,000 gallons of clear sparkling water per minute Spas 3 times as many massage therapists as lawyers 5 Spas & more than 40 “body workers” Lodging 100 Lodging choices 8 Bed & Breakfasts 5 Inns 2 Resorts Shops 3 Antique Malls 38 Specialty Shops, Galleries & Boutiques
    21. 21. Geographic Characteristics 21 •Nestled between Sleepy Creek Mountain and CaCapon Mountain at an elevation of 499 feet. •Warm Springs Run goes through the center of town •U.S. Route 522 provides a shortcut for truckers and travelers •Sleepy Creek runs through county •Panorama at the Peak –view of 3 states •25 miles to Martinsburg, WV •34 miles to Winchester, VA •49 miles to Cumberland, MD •41 miles to Hagerstown, MD •MD, VA, and PA are all within 15 minutes of Bath
    22. 22. Berkeley Springs Police 22 •Office opened in 1872 •Chief •2 police officers •2 parking enforcement officers •1 administration employee •Morgan County Sheriff’s Office is located in the courthouse. –10 deputies –3 civilian employees •State Police located on 522 right outside the Town of Bath
    23. 23. 2009 Crime Data 23 •2009 Population Estimate: 16,385 •Violent Crime Offenses: 22 (Less than 1%) •Property Crime Offenses: 247 (1.5%) •Non-index Crime Offenses: 295 (1.8%) •Total Crime Offenses: 564 (3.4%)
    24. 24. 2009 Crime Statistics Population 16,385 24 Crime Property Violent Non-index
    25. 25. 25 •40 MEMBERS •All volunteers •Non-Profit BERKELEY SPRINGS VOL. FIRE DEPT. Morgan County Emergency Medical Services •Provides 911 EMS to 200 miles of Morgan County • 1 Medic unit 24 hours a day/365 days a year • Second Medic unit 6am to 6pm 7 days a week
    26. 26. 26 Widmyer Elementary Pre-K to 2nd grade 515 Students Warm Springs Intermediate 3rd to 5th grades 417 Students Warm Springs Middle 6th to 8th grades 567 students Berkeley Springs High 9th to 12th grades 747 students SCHOOLS
    27. 27. Student Demographics • Positive: 93.46% Graduation Rate • Positive: Student/Teacher Ratio is 15/1 • Negative: Diversity is lacking in the school system Berkeley Springs High School Profile: • 6 Black/African American Students • 6 Hispanic Students • 4 Asian/Pacific Islander • 1 Native American/Alaskan Native • 700 Caucasian 27
    28. 28. Other School Statistics: • 22% of students benefit from the Free Lunch Program • 12% from the Reduced Lunch Program • 34% from the Low Cost Lunch Program • 14% benefit from Special Education Program • 1% students are “English Learners” 28
    29. 29. • Doodle Bugs • Resa VIII • Head Start 29
    30. 30. • WIC: Nutrition Support Service • Right from the Start: Focus on healthy babies and developmental screening • Birth to 3: Focus on development and supportive services for children with special needs or at risk • Early Head Start: Pre-Head Start services, parenting, works with parents with substance addictions (Including prenatal) 30
    31. 31. Social and Economic Services • Local: - AA/NA - Morgan County Homeschoolers • Martinsburg: - Family Caregivers of Dependent Adults - Parent/Families with Special Needs Children 31
    32. 32. Starting Points • Coordinates with other agencies with goal of strengthening families – Resa VII/Head Start – DHHR – Morgan Co Clergy Association – WIC – WVU Extension – Mountain Heart • Rag Shop • Meal-Time Community Kitchen – Mon, Tue and Friday from 3p- 6p 32
    33. 33. 4th Annual Empty Bowls • Part of “Giving Back Project” • November 19, 2010 • Berkeley Springs High School • Proceeds benefit Starting Points Meal Time Community Kitchen 33
    34. 34. • ASKED FAMILY, CLASSMATES AND FRIENDS TO GIVE COATS FOR THE WINTER TO THOSE LESS FORTUNATE IN BERKELEY SPRINGS. 34Picture not of actual recipients
    35. 35. Morgan County DHHR • According to the 2000 Census, 18.7% of the population are living below the poverty level. 35 September 2010 Statistics •West Virginia Works: 124 recipients •TANF recipients: 125 •SNAP: $309,426 total expenditure. 977 families •Medicade/Medicare: 569 assisted
    36. 36. Health Care • Morgan County War Memorial Hospital – Limited care facility • 25 beds/Acute Care/Emergency Room • 87,000 square foot facility planned for completion in 2012 – Closest advanced care is Winchester Medical Center in Winchester, VA. 36
    37. 37. Mental Health • Addiction Service of Berkeley Springs offers outpatient treatment for Mental Health and Substance Abuse. • Currently, prescription drug abuse is a major focus. 37
    38. 38. Morgan County Health Department • General Health Care Services • Family Planning • Prevention/Treatment of STD’s • Services for HIV/AIDS • Cervical and Breast Cancer screenings • Community Education • Estimated population served: 16,351 38
    39. 39. 70+ Non Profit Organizations • American Legion • Women of the Moose Chapter 1311 • Salvation Army • Habitat For Humanity • Museum of Berkeley Springs • Arts Triumphant Ministries Inc. • Order of Owls Nest 4565 • Little League Baseball Inc. 39
    40. 40. Churches 40
    41. 41. Where to Worship • 5 Methodist • 3 Non-Denominational • 2 Church of Christ • 1 Assembly of God • 1 Baptist • 1 Bible Church • 1 Catholic Church • 1 Episcopal • 1 Full Gospel • 1 Interdenominational • 1 Presbyterian • 1 Seventh Day Adventist • 1 Weslyan • 1 Church of Nazerith • 1 Calvery Bible Church 41
    42. 42. Chamber or Commerce • Non Profit Civic Organization • More than 200 Businesses, Organizations and individuals • 10 Person Board of Directors elected annually 42
    43. 43. Resource Needs • Free parking • Public Transportation • Taxi Services • Local support groups for parents of children with disabilities 43
    44. 44. History • Founded in 1747 by Peter Jefferson, father of Thomas Jefferson • Originally called Medicine Springs because the springs were said to have healing properties for those suffering from gout, sciatica, lumbago, eczema, psoriasis, digestive ailments, nervous disorders and even polio. • Dec 6, 1776, George Washington’s family renamed Medicine Springs, the Town of Bath • Recognized as the Town of Bath by the Virginia Legislature in 1776 • George Washington’s family and friends developed a town map, drawing up 134 lots and naming streets (see plot) • Berkeley Springs is only a Post Office and a “state of mind” 44
    45. 45. 45Historic Bath District 1893
    46. 46. 46
    47. 47. Country’s First Spa • Water’s flow at a constant 74 degrees at 2000 gallons per minute - Minerals in the water include sulfates, nitrates and carbonates • Known as a “seat of sin” for the gambling, partying, card playing and horse racing • Two theories for warmness of water - Hot spot of volcanic rock buried deep in the mountain that the water flows over - Temperature is a result of the “storage place” of the water. • Early “baths” were used by both men and women, but at separate times. • In 1784, early stone wading pools were replaced by first formal bath houses • 5 bath houses with dressing rooms, large bath for swimming and a bath for poor people • Currently open daily year round Located in the Berkeley Springs State Park 47
    48. 48. Fed by the springs in the state park 48
    49. 49. FIRE AND REBUILDING  First great fire occurred in 1844 Destroyed many of the 18th century buildings Berkeley Springs Hotel was built after this fire – 500 rooms Second Courthouse and first Methodist church were also built after the first fire  Second great fire in 1898 Claimed the Berkeley Springs Hotel  Third fire in 1901 took the Fairfax Inn Several other fires over the years have taken many of the historical merchants, homes and buildings  Fourth “major” fire in 1974 Claimed half of East Fairfax Street in downtown “Bath” Washington Hotel (“the last of the grand resort hotels) burned during this fire  Fifth fire in August 8, 2006 Morgan County Courthouse 49
    50. 50. 50MORGAN COUNTY COURTHOUSE DESTROYED AUGUST 8, 2006
    51. 51. 51 •Bricks from burnt courthouse saved •Sold to public and inscribed with names •Used to make sidewalk around new courthouse
    52. 52. • Built in 1885 by Samuel Taylor Suit summer cottage for his young bride, Rosa Pelham sits above the town of Bath on the west side did not get the name “castle” until 1891 when Rosa returned to the area Rosa was evicted in the 1920’s 52 BERKELEY CASTLE
    53. 53. • Tour that tourists can go on in downtown Bath/Berkeley Springs • Tour has 26 historical landmarks on it • Includes sites of Country Inn at Berkeley Springs, Francis Ashbury Methodist Church, • Berkeley Castle, Fairfax Street (East and West), George Washington’s “lots” and many more • There is also a Treasure Tour for tourists to explore 53
    54. 54. • Began living in Bath in 1782 • Built house and stable for George Washington in Bath • Developed and built the first mechanical boat 54 JAMESRUMSEY
    55. 55. ANY QUESTIONS?? 55
    56. 56. References • www.berkeleysprings.com • Mozier, Jeanne. “The Secret Destiny of Berkeley Springs”. Retrieved November 20, 2010 from http://www.berkeleysprings.com./secret.htm • Berkeley Springs-Morgan County Chamber of Commerce website: www.berkeleyspringschamber.com • Morgan Messenger, “Coolfont Sewer Hearing Draws Heated Crowd” by Kate Shunney (January 15, 2010) 56
    57. 57. References 57 •www.journalnews.net March 31, 2010 Economic Growth Hits Morgan County •Morgan County Planning Commission Study on Zoning (April 27, 2010) •Report on the Morgan County Economic Summit (June 11, 2008) •Morgan County, West Virginia – Final Draft Zoning Ordinance (August 5, 2010) •Morgan County Economic Development Authority Telecommunications Task Force Report by Jerry Berman & Ken Dabkowski (July 19, 2009) •Morgan County Economic Development Authority website: www.morgancountyeda.com
    58. 58. References • http://wvde.state.wv.us/ed_directory/index.html?co unty_id=58&school_id=501 • http://wvde.state.wv.us/data/report_cards/2006/We st%20Virginia%20Report%20Cards%202005- 2006.pdf • http://www.starting-points.org/?page_id=2 • http://censtats.census.gov/data/WV/1605404876.pd f 58
    59. 59. References • http://www.valleyhealthlink.com/War • http://www.taxexemptworld.com/organizations/ morgan-county-wv-west-virginia.asp • http://aawv.org/site/district_11_&_15.php • http://www.lib.shepherdstown.wv.us/sin/Rumsey .html • Mozier, Jeanne. Retrieved on November 21 from http://www.berkeleysprings.com/bath/htm • www.macicehouse.org 59

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