Chap 21

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  • Classes, lectures, musical classes, manual work classes, college extension courses, public baths, coffee shop, kindergarten, theater.
  • Washington Gladden
  • Women’s Christian Temperance Union & Anti-Saloon League
  • Women’s trade union league National Consumer’s League
  • The miners don’t suffer, why they can’t even speak English.
  • Interstate Commerce Commision
  • Chap 21

    1. 1. +
    2. 2. The Grassroots of Progressivism <ul><li>Settlement Houses </li></ul><ul><li>University Settlement House </li></ul><ul><li>1886-NYC-1 st in US </li></ul><ul><li>Lillian Wald-Henry Street </li></ul><ul><li>1893-NYC(LES)-public health nursing </li></ul><ul><li>Jane Adams-Hull House </li></ul><ul><li>1889-Chicago-classes, art exhibits, gymnasium, labor museum, public playground, take-out cafeteria, nursery. </li></ul>
    3. 3. TGOP cont. <ul><li>Social gospel </li></ul><ul><li>Reform society </li></ul><ul><li>Turn aside social Darwinism </li></ul><ul><li>Turn down Rockefeller’s money. ‘tainted’ </li></ul><ul><li>Charles M. Sheldon-WWJD </li></ul><ul><li>Christianize capitalism </li></ul>
    4. 4. TGOP cont. <ul><li>Social purity </li></ul><ul><li>Rev. Charles H. Parkhurst </li></ul><ul><li>Brothel tours and “social evil” </li></ul><ul><li>Ministers, Doctors, Women </li></ul><ul><li>Higher wages for women </li></ul>
    5. 5. Early Prohibition <ul><li>WCTU & ASL </li></ul><ul><li>Prostitution, abuse, unemployment, industrial accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Big liquor fights, backfires </li></ul><ul><li>Nativism rears its head (Scots-Irish, German, Italian) </li></ul><ul><li>Sunday bans on liquor </li></ul><ul><li>State bans on liquor </li></ul>
    6. 6. Women’s Rights <ul><li>WTUL </li></ul><ul><li>Middle-class & working class unification </li></ul><ul><li>1909-Triangle Shirtwaist Co. strike </li></ul><ul><li>1911-Triangle Fire 146/500 </li></ul><ul><li>Direction changed to legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Muller v Oregon. 10 hour days </li></ul><ul><li>NCL and ‘white lists’ </li></ul>
    7. 7. Reform Darwinism <ul><li>Take control of growth </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific management </li></ul><ul><li>Elitism </li></ul>
    8. 8. Government <ul><li>Thomas Johnson (D) </li></ul><ul><li>Cleveland </li></ul><ul><li>City bought the streetcar system-3cent fare </li></ul><ul><li>Robert M. La Follette (R) </li></ul><ul><li>Wisconsin </li></ul><ul><li>“ Laboratory of democracy” </li></ul><ul><li>Hiram Johnson </li></ul><ul><li>California </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Pacific Railroad </li></ul>
    9. 9. Teddy Roosevelt <ul><li>September 5, 1901 </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Securities Company </li></ul><ul><li>43 trusts </li></ul><ul><li>Preferred regulation to trustbusting </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Commerce and Labor </li></ul><ul><li>UMW vs. George Baer strike from may til october </li></ul><ul><li>10 hour days, 10 percent wage increase, recognize the union </li></ul>
    10. 10. Teddy Roosevelt <ul><li>Square Deal-1904 </li></ul><ul><li>Hepburn Act </li></ul><ul><li>ICC power to set rates with court review </li></ul><ul><li>Pure Food and Drug Act-The Jungle </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Tripled government reserve land </li></ul><ul><li>21 new reserves, enlarged 11 </li></ul>
    11. 11. “ Speak softly…” <ul><li>Panama Canal </li></ul><ul><li>$10 million + $250,000 annual </li></ul><ul><li>Panamanian revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt Corollary </li></ul><ul><li>Leave Latin America alone, unless “brutal wrongdoing” </li></ul>
    12. 12. “… and carry a big stick.” <ul><li>Held back from aggressive stance in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Mediated between France and Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Held back German aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Mediated between Russia and Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Held back Japanese aggression, Nobel Prize. </li></ul><ul><li>Great White Fleet (Root-Takahira) </li></ul>
    13. 13. Taft <ul><li>Handpicked by Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>1908 beat the Dems </li></ul><ul><li>Weak president, puppet for GOP </li></ul><ul><li>Undid much of Roosevelt’s work </li></ul><ul><li>Dollar diplomacy </li></ul><ul><li>Lawyer not politician </li></ul><ul><li>1910 Dems took Congress </li></ul><ul><li>1912 Roosevelt challenged Taft </li></ul>
    14. 14. Wilson <ul><li>Progressive party led by Roosevelt </li></ul><ul><li>Republican party led by Taft </li></ul><ul><li>Democrat party led by Wilson </li></ul><ul><li>Teetotaler, fixed beliefs, unwilling to compromise </li></ul>
    15. 15. Wilson cont. <ul><li>Orator, addressed Congress directly </li></ul><ul><li>Tariff Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Banking Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Trust Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Clayton Act><FTC </li></ul><ul><li>Fall 1914 done, time to heal </li></ul><ul><li>Reluctant to create additional goals for progressivism </li></ul>
    16. 16. The downside of Progressivism <ul><li>Industrial Workers of the World-unskilled labor </li></ul><ul><li>Birth Control </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson ignores march for women’s suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>Western & Southern racism </li></ul><ul><li>Western- Asian American </li></ul><ul><li>Southern- African American </li></ul>
    17. 17. Booker T. Washington <ul><li>Education and economic progress over political and social equality </li></ul><ul><li>Plessy v. Ferguson </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt invited BTW to White House </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson segregated federal workforce </li></ul><ul><li>Atlanta race riots </li></ul><ul><li>W.E.B. Du Bois-NAACP </li></ul>

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