World History - Final Exam Review


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Use this powerpoint to help you study for the Final Exam. The answers are found in the notes section!

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World History - Final Exam Review

  1. 1. World History Final Exam Review!<br />
  2. 2. The Final Exam<br />Is 69 questions worth one point each<br />Deadline to submit work to be EXEMPT from Final is 8:00 a.m. on Friday, June 3rd. I will kmail those students who are exempt (90% or higher) the afternoon of June 3rd.<br />There is no part 2 for the final exam<br />You may use this unit review to help you on the exam<br />
  3. 3. Use the whiteboard tools to highlight the things that prompted European Exploration during the Age of Discovery:<br />Search for a land route to China<br />Muslim invasion of Spain<br />Intellectual Curiosity<br />Mad Scramble for Africa<br />Desire for Economic gain<br />The promise of trade with Asia<br />
  4. 4. The New World & The Columbian Exchange<br /><ul><li>When the New World was discovered, the Spanish conquered these two Native American Empires the ______________ & the ____________.
  5. 5. The Columbian Exchange is the movement of plants, animals, people, and diseases between the Old World and the New World.
  6. 6. The European country of _________________ was the first to ship enslaved Africans to the New World.</li></li></ul><li>Multiple Choice<br />Which of the following was NOT a cause of the Protestant Reformation?<br />Which of the following is NOT an example of the philosophy of Absolutism under King Louis XIV?<br />Sale of indulgences<br />Corruption in the Church<br />The Fall of Constantinople<br />Worldliness and greed among Church officials<br />Construction of Versailles<br />Meeting of the Estates General<br />The phrase “L’etat, c’est moi”<br />
  7. 7. Matching<br />Glorious Revolution<br />Galileo Gallilei<br />John Locke<br />U. S. Constitution<br />All humans have natural rights<br />Constitutional monarchy<br />A written plan of government reflecting the will of the people<br />Powerful telescope; confirmed that earth revolves around sun<br />
  8. 8. Matching<br />Glorious Revolution<br />Galileo Gallilei<br />John Locke<br />U. S. Constitution<br />All humans have natural rights<br />Constitutional monarchy<br />A written plan of government reflecting the will of the people<br />Powerful telescope; confirmed that earth revolves around sun<br />
  9. 9. Multiple Choice<br />All of the following are reasons why democracy failed in Latin American countries EXCEPT:<br />All of the following are causes of the French Revolution EXCEPT:<br />The Magna Carta<br />Tax burden on the common people<br />Voting structure in the Estates General<br />France’s financial crisis<br />Military strongmen, known as caudillos took control<br />Leaders had very little experience in self-government<br />Spain and Portugal regained control over most of their land.<br />
  10. 10. What is Imperial Expansion?<br />
  11. 11. Imperialism<br />Acquiring RAW MATERIALS <br />(for industry)<br />Promising PROSPERITY to citizens back home (at the expense of colonized people)<br />Zeal for MISSIONARY WORK<br />Civilize nations<br />
  12. 12. WWI- “tangled alliances”<br />Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire<br />Allies (Entente): Russia, France, Britain, Serbia, Italy (after 1915), United States<br />
  13. 13. WWI: Total War<br />Most Europeans believed the war would end quickly, and involve only a few countries…<br />However, it LASTED MUCH LONGER than expected and dragged on and on<br />WHY?<br />More countries decided to join the war, both to help their allies and for personal gain<br />Battles were BOGGED DOWN IN TRENCH WARFARE<br />No country had a clear upper hand in the war…<br /><ul><li>THE RESULT:
  14. 14. Countries had to commit to TOTAL WAR:
  15. 15. 1. Involves every citizen
  16. 16. 2. Requires increased industrial production
  17. 17. 3. Nations must use every resource available
  18. 18. Led to MAJORCHANGES:
  19. 19. Women joined the workforce
  20. 20. Govt’s took control over their nations’ economies
  21. 21. “Planned” economies replaced Capitalism</li></li></ul><li>WWI Con’t<br />At the start of the war, America wanted to STAY OUT of fighting<br />It was a EUROPEAN WAR, and not our problem<br /> THEN…<br />In 1915, a German U-Boat sunk the LUSITANIA, a defenseless passenger ship: 118 Americans died<br />WOODROW WILSON used this as the main reason to join the Allies in 1917<br />Part of his FOURTEEN POINTS for PEACE:<br />An end to SECRET DIPOLAMCY<br />Freedom of the SEAS <br />New association of world nations:<br />LEAGUE OF NATIONS<br />
  22. 22. New Weapons<br />Rifle- <br />Machine Gun-<br />Gas-<br />Zeppelin-<br />Tank-<br />Planes-<br />Torpedoes-<br />Cost of WWI<br />More people lost their lives than any other war<br />Millions of soldiers and civilians died<br />European Economies were ruined<br />
  23. 23. Treaty of Versailles<br />Peace agreement<br />League of Nations was created-U.S refused to join<br />War Guilt Clause blamed Germany for WWI<br />Set stage for future conflict<br />forbidden to maintain an air force or naval fleet<br />Demanded reparations<br />
  24. 24. RUSSIA<br />What kind of government did Lenin like?<br />A. Communist state<br />B. Democracy<br />C. Anarchy<br />D. Socialism <br />How did Vladimir Lenin hope to change the government in Russia?<br />A. Democratic Elections<br />B. Civil Wars<br />C. Speeches to gain public support<br />D. a well-organized revolution<br />
  25. 25. RUSSIA<br />What effect did the Russian Revolution have on WW 1 <br />A. None, they weren’t involved<br />B. Russia Surrendered to Germany<br />C. The U.S.A came in and took over Russia<br />D. Russia took control of France<br />Which best describes the purpose of Stalin’s 5-years plan for Russia?<br />A. To wipe out all traces of the historical past<br />B. To change to a free society and hole elections<br />C. To accelerate industrial production<br />D. To become a world leader of agriculture <br />
  26. 26. Revolution<br />True or False????????<br />The American, French, and Russian revolutions all began with the goal of more self-rule for the people?<br />True or False????????<br />Mohandas Gandhi used strategic warfare to achieve political goals?<br />
  27. 27. You have a 50 / 50 chance!!<br />True or False????????<br />The goal of the Muslim brotherhood in post-WW1 Egypt was a democratic constitution. <br />True or False????????<br />The great Depression was primarily caused by the start or WW2.<br />Camels are cool!!!<br />
  28. 28. How do Fascism and Communism differ?<br />A. Tolerance for a free press<br />B. Economic philosophy<br />C. Level of political freedom<br />D. Strength of opposition parties<br />Which best describes a result of Zionism in ongoing Middle East tensions? <br />A. Created an independent Palestinian<br />B. Arab & Jew disagreements over control of the Holy Land <br />C. Promoted the British to give up all claims in Palestine<br />D. It it resulted in the Middle East becoming the 51st State of the U.S.A<br />
  29. 29. So what’s the deal with the New Deal???<br />What best describes one one purpose of the New Deal?<br />A. Healing the U.S. economy<br />B. To create as many government agencies as possible<br />C. To get FDR re-elected<br />D. To contain the spread of Communism<br />
  30. 30. Nationalism Unites!<br />
  31. 31. Which of the following are characteristics that helped England Industrialize?<br />
  32. 32. INVENTIONS that Changed the World!<br />Match the invention with the Inventor!<br /> Edison<br /> Bell<br /> Morse<br /> Nobel<br /> Marconi<br />Dynamite, 1866<br />Phonograph, 1877<br />Telephone, 1876<br />Telegraph, 1837<br />Wireless radio, 1896<br />
  33. 33.
  34. 34. Describe the conditions during the Industrial Revolution.<br />What were some of the benefitspeople experienced due to the Industrial Revolution?<br />
  35. 35. - Which goes where?<br />-One-party state<br />-Industry and agriculture owned by state<br />-Revolution by working class<br />-Low standard of living (ask what Standard of Living means)<br />-Classless society<br />-Government controls aspects of people’s lives<br />-Censorship<br />-Free Elections<br />-Industry and agriculture controlled by individuals<br />-Drive for profits<br />-Limits on government interference<br />-Free speech<br />-High standard of living<br />
  36. 36. European Imperialism:<br /><ul><li>What is IMPERIALISM?
  37. 37. What were countries like England, France, the Netherlands and Belgium hoping to accomplish in Africa and Asia?
  38. 38. Acquiring RAW MATERIALS (for industry)
  39. 39. Zeal for MISSIONARY WORK (souls to save)
  40. 40. From 1885 – 1914, nearly 100 million people were conquered and taken over by European countries
  41. 41. Great Britain took over all of India
  42. 42. Africa was carved up by 7 different European nations: populations grew, drained natural resources, traditions and culture were lost, as well as self-rule.</li></li></ul><li>So how did European nations justify their overseas Empires?<br /><ul><li>Europeans believed they were more civilized and “superior” to all others
  43. 43. Need for raw materials
  44. 44. Industrialization needed to be spread throughout the world
  45. 45. Belief in “Social Darwinism”:
  46. 46. Survival of the Fittest…countries!
  47. 47. A new wave of Nationalism made them want to grow stronger by defeating weaker countries, building their armies and increasing their industrial output</li></li></ul><li>How are Communism and Fascism Similar?<br />Both push for economic freedom<br />Both suppress political freedoms<br />Both are on the same side of the political spectrum<br />There are no similarities<br />
  48. 48. Which of these are goals of Adolf Hitler?<br />Highlight the “details” of Mein Kampf<br />- Rule the world under the German Flag<br />- Jews are to blamefor Germany’s Problems<br />- Creation of a Master Race<br /> - Peace throughout the world<br />- Unite Germany under Communism<br />- Take control via diplomacy<br />- Unite all German Speaking Peoples <br />
  49. 49. What is not a cause of WW2?<br />A. Failure of Appeasement<br />B. The harsh treatment of Germany through the Treaty of Versailles<br />C. Polish Aggression in Europe<br />D. German, Italian, and Japanese Aggression<br />
  50. 50. Opposing Powers of WW2<br />AXIS<br />ALLIES<br /><ul><li>Germany
  51. 51. Italy
  52. 52. Japan
  53. 53. Vichy France
  54. 54. Romania
  55. 55. Hungary
  56. 56. Bulgaria</li></ul>United States of America<br />United Kingdom<br />Soviet Union<br />Greece<br />China<br />France<br />Free Poland<br />
  57. 57. The Holocaust<br />What single phrase best describes the Holocaust?<br />A. A Systematic Killing of Jews by the Nazis<br />B. A Government forced Racism<br />C. Jewish movement back to Israel<br />D. A form of “Lightning” War<br />
  58. 58. The Bomb<br />What was the Bomb?<br />Why drop the Atomic bomb?<br />After the invasion of Iwo Jima. U.S. Officials realize An invasion of Japan would cost tens of thousands of American lives<br />Dropped by the “Enola Gay” on Aug 6,1945<br />Hiroshima First to be bombed<br />Nagasaki 3 days later (why drop TWO?)<br />Damage of the Bomb:<br />Though we don't know exactly how many perished in the bombing, it is estimated that 140,000 (plus or minus 10,000) had died by the end of December 1945.<br />
  59. 59. Which is True of WW2<br />Few civilians felt the impact of the war<br />London was one of the few cities in Europe that was not bombed.<br />The United States suffered more losses than any other Allied country.<br />More people were killed in World War II than any other war in history.<br />
  60. 60. What is the goal of the Nuremburg Trials?<br />Giving an example to Soviet war criminals<br />Judging Nazi leaders for their actions and order<br />Passing a death sentence against Hitler<br />Holding the German people accountable for the war<br />
  61. 61. Truman Doctrine True / False<br />True of False:<br /> It was the goal of the Truman Doctrine was to contain communism expansion throughout the world.<br />
  62. 62. Which of these is not a Result of The Cuban Missile Crisis?<br />A. Relations between the United States and the Soviet Union improved<br />B. The Bay of Pigs invasion finally ended the standoff.<br />C. The United States announced a blockade of Cuba<br />D. The Soviet Union and the United States narrowly avoided nuclear war<br />
  63. 63. Latin America after World War 2<br />1.) Where did millions of farmers in Latin America migrate to as a result of Industrialization?<br />The United States<br />Cities in Latin America<br />Europe<br />The Andes mountains<br />2.) What happened in Latin America as a result of urbanization?<br />Many poor people got wealthier<br />Massive slums grew up around the cities<br />Unemployment rose in the cities<br />B and C<br />3.) Which of these did NOT prompt the U.S. to intervene in Latin America during the Cold War?<br />Allende’s rise in Chile<br />Sandinista Control of Nicaragua<br />Civil War in El Salvador<br />War between Mexico and Honduras<br />When I was dictator of Chile, people had very little political freedom.<br />Who am I?<br />
  64. 64. Asian Countries in the 20th Century<br />1) Used the “Great Leap Forward” to modernize and increase industrial productivity<br />2) Suffers from widespread poverty even after achieving independence from Britain in 1947<br />3) Faces religious extremism thanks to its conservative Muslim majority<br />A. PAKISTAN B. INDIA C. CHINA<br />
  65. 65. Africa and the Middle East<br />Some colonial powers promoted this in certain African nations, leading to peaceful transitions to independence:____________________<br />Nelson Mandela used his imprisonment to end apartheid in this country: ______________________<br />Religion led to revolution in this country, when the Shah was overthrown in 1979: ___________________<br />In response to the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks, the U.S. invaded Iraq and later this country: ________________<br />
  66. 66. Global Challenges<br /> 1.) Which of the following is an argument AGAINST free trade between countries (no import/export taxes)?<br /> A. It causes many people to lose their jobs<br /> B. It encourages outsourcing of jobs overseas<br /> C. It can limit environmental protection measures<br /> D. All of the above<br />2.) According to most scientists, what is the LEADING cause of air pollution in the World Today: (Circle the one you think is the correct answer)<br />Nuclear Power Plants Chemical Waste Carbon Emissions (cars) Coal Factories <br />
  67. 67. SECRET PHRASE!<br />“ALL work for the semester is DUE by Friday, June 10th!”<br />GOOD LUCK!<br />