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  1. 1. Coordination San Shway Wynn 2nd February 2013
  2. 2. Coordination • Coordination is the act of organizing, making different people or things work together for a goal or effect to fulfill desired goals in an organization. • Coordination is a managerial function in which different activities of the business are properly adjusted and interlinked. (Harmonization, synchronization, bringing together)
  3. 3. Co-ordination 1. Scope -Internal -External 2. Flow -Vertical -Horizontal or lateral 3. Principles of co-ordination -Early beginning -Continuity -Direct personal contact -Reciprocity 4. Additional Principles Effective Communication Mutual Respect Clarity of Objectives Scalar Chain (Fayol’s 14 Principles of Management)
  4. 4. Collaboration • Collaboration is working together to achieve a goal. • It is a recursive process where two or more people or organizations work together to realize shared goals, but a deep, collective, determination to reach an identical objective. • An endeavor that is creative in nature by sharing knowledge, learning and building consensus. (Team work, partnership, group effort, association)
  5. 5. Cooperation • Cooperation is the process of working or acting together. • In its simplest form it involves things working in harmony. • It is the opposite of working separately in competition. (Assistance, support, help, mutual aid)
  6. 6. Community • The concept of “community” implies a group of people sharing something in common. Green, 2007 • Communities are formed by people who are connected to each other in distinct and varied ways. • Communities are diverse and dynamic, and one person may be part of more than one community. • Community members may be connected by living in the same area or by shared experiences, health and other challenges, living situations, culture, religion, identity or values. Global Fund, 2010
  7. 7. Concept of community participation Participation is not getting people to do what professional want.  People as responsible persons for their health / care givers.  People as patients and customers.  People as health workers.  People as purchasers of care.  People as managers of health services.
  8. 8. COMMUNITY Empowerment: refers to increasing the spiritual, political, social, educational, gender, or economic strength of individuals and communities. Ownership: exclusive legal right to possession, the person who controls all of the benefits and privileges. Participation: the fact of taking part, as in some action or attempt. Involvement: to include as a necessary circumstance, condition, or consequence.
  9. 9. What is Health Systems Strengthening? What is Health Systems Strengthening? What is Health Systems Strengthening? What is Health Systems Strengthening? • Interactions and Linkages • Partnerships • Coordination of Inputs • Steering and Regulation • Efficiency, Equity and Effectiveness • Links of Health Systems to Socio Economic Systems
  10. 10. Enabling Factors • • • • • • • • Man Money Materials Methods Motivation Monitor Match Management
  11. 11. THE REPUBLIC OF THE UNION OF MYANMAR CABINET National Health Committee NHP M & E Committee Ministry of Health Department of Health Planning Department of Health Department of Medical Science Department of Medical Research (Lower) Department of Medical Research (Upper) Department of Medical Research (Central) Department of Traditional Medicine State/Regional Government State/Region Health Committee State/Region Health Department District Authority District Health Committee District Health Department Township Authority Township Health Committee Township Health Department Station Hospital Ward/ Village Authority Rural Health Center Ward/ Village Tract Health Committee Village Volunteers 1. Ministries 2. MWAF 3. MMCWA 4. MRCS 5. MMA 6. MDA 7. MNMA 8. MHAA 9. Traditional Medicine Practitioners Association 10. Religious Organization
  12. 12. Township Health System Township Medical Officer Curative Public Health T/S & Station Hospital Inpatients/ Outpatients wards OT/ Labor room Lab/ Radiology Medical Store Urban Health Center MCH School Health RHCs/ Sub-RHCs Disease Control Malaria Team Leprosy team TB team Administration Office Dispensary HIV/STD Cooperation Local Authority/ Other Depts NGO- INGO National NGO THC VHWs COMMUNITY
  13. 13. Criteria for Giving Feedback • • • • • • • • • Make sure your comments are intended to help recipient. Speak directly and with feeling. Describe what the person is doing and the effect the person is having. Don’t be threatening or judgmental. Be specific, not general (use clear and recent examples). Give feedback when the recipient is open to accepting it. Check to ensure the validity of your statements. Include only things the receiver can do something about. Don’t overwhelm the person with more than can be handled.
  14. 14. Conflict Conflict exists when individuals who depend on each other express different views, interests or goals and perceive their views as incompatible or oppositional Honor yourself, the other, the relationship!
  15. 15. Major Functions of HSSO 1) Identify problems and needs 2) Facilitate, selecting and setting priorities 3) Plan development 4) Implement effectively 5) Follow-up and evaluate
  16. 16. TRUST Building Time Take time to listen and give feedback on performance Respect Give respect Unconditional Show acceptance positive regard Sensitivity Anticipate feelings and needs Touch Give encouragement
  17. 17. Take ownership of your job • Any job you do is going to "have your fingerprints all over it." • That is why it is so important to take ownership of your job, any job you do, and really own it. • Do it the best you can; do it the best it can be done. • That is how you succeed.
  18. 18. Health Systems Strengthening