What do Diversity and
Multiculturalism Mean?
Possible Generic Framework
Reader

Presence in Book*
Race

Ethn.

Nat.

Cult.

Rel.

Gend

Class

Orien

Reg.

Dis.

Race
...
Ordinal Ranking Issue
Reader A

Reader B

Reader C

Reader D

Reader E

Race
Gender
Orientation
Disability
Class
Age
Natio...
Trade-Off Ranking Issue
Reader A

Reader B

Reader C

Reader CD

Reader E

Race

40%

Familial

60%

Nationality

30%

Dis...
Variability by Age Issue
Reader A
Familial

60%

Religion

20%

Nationality

2%

Culture

2%

Region

2%

Profession

2%

...
Variability by Context Issue
Reader A
Familial

60%

Religion

20%

Nationality

2%

Culture

2%

Region

2%

Profession

...
Variability by Circumstance Issue
Reader A
Familial

60%

Religion

20%

Nationality

2%

Culture

2%

Region

2%

Profess...
Identity and Books
Reader

Presence in Book*
Race

Ethn.

Nat.

Cult.

Rel.

Gend

Class

Orien

Reg.

Dis.

Race
Ethnicit...
Potential Recommendation
Consequences
Outcome

Don’t Comprehend
That Others have
Different Self-Definition

Unrecognized
A...
Ideal Recommendation Consequences
Outcome
Comprehend That Others
have Different SelfDefinition And Able to
Make Recommenda...
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Definitional diversity

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What do we mean by identity, diversity and multiculturalism? How do we define ourselves to our selves and to others? How does our self-definition affect how we recommend books to others?

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Definitional diversity

  1. 1. What do Diversity and Multiculturalism Mean?
  2. 2. Possible Generic Framework Reader Presence in Book* Race Ethn. Nat. Cult. Rel. Gend Class Orien Reg. Dis. Race Ethnicity Nationality Culture Region Gender Class Orientation Religion Disability Age Language Familial Profession * - Not Present, Specific, Generic, Inferred, Neutral Age Lang. Fam Prof
  3. 3. Ordinal Ranking Issue Reader A Reader B Reader C Reader D Reader E Race Gender Orientation Disability Class Age Nationality Ethnicity Culture Region Religion Language Familial Profession Familial Religion Nationality Culture Region Profession Class Age Race Ethnicity Disability Language Orientation Class Nationality Culture Religion Region Language Profession Class Familial Religion Ethnicity Age Race Disability Orientation Disability Familial Region Class Gender Age Class Profession Nationality Ethnicity Culture Language Religion Orientation Class Familial Profession Culture Religion Gender Class Age Region Ethnicity Orientation Language Disability Language
  4. 4. Trade-Off Ranking Issue Reader A Reader B Reader C Reader CD Reader E Race 40% Familial 60% Nationality 30% Disability 25% Class 30% Gender 20% Religion 20% Culture 30% Familial 10% Familial 25% Orientation 10% Nationality 2% Religion 15% Region 10% Profession 20% Disability 5% Culture 2% Region 5% Class 5% Culture 10% Class 3% Region 2% Language 5% Gender 5% Religion 5% Age 3% Profession 2% Profession 3% Age 5% Gender 3% Nationality 3% Class 2% Class 3% Race 5% Race 1% Ethnicity 3% Age 2% Familial 2% Profession 5% Age 1% Culture 3% Race 2% Religion 2% Nationality 5% Region 1% Region 3% Ethnicity 2% Ethnicity 1% Ethnicity 5% Ethnicity 1% Religion 2% Disability 2% Age 1% Culture 5% Orientation 1% Language 2% Language 1% Race 1% Language 5% Language 1% Familial 2% Orientation 1% Disability 1% Religion 5% Disability 1% Profession 1% Class 0% Orientation 1% Orientation 5% Language 1%
  5. 5. Variability by Age Issue Reader A Familial 60% Religion 20% Nationality 2% Culture 2% Region 2% Profession 2% Class 2% Age 2% Race 2% Ethnicity 2% Disability 2% Language 1% Orientation 1% Class 0% Child Adult Mature Retiree
  6. 6. Variability by Context Issue Reader A Familial 60% Religion 20% Nationality 2% Culture 2% Region 2% Profession 2% Class 2% Age 2% Race 2% Ethnicity 2% Disability 2% Language 1% Orientation 1% Class 0% Travel Office Church Strangers
  7. 7. Variability by Circumstance Issue Reader A Familial 60% Religion 20% Nationality 2% Culture 2% Region 2% Profession 2% Class 2% Age 2% Race 2% Ethnicity 2% Disability 2% Language 1% Orientation 1% Class 0% Outsider/ Insider Happy/Sad Secure/ Threatened Healthy/Ill
  8. 8. Identity and Books Reader Presence in Book* Race Ethn. Nat. Cult. Rel. Gend Class Orien Reg. Dis. Race Ethnicity Nationality Culture Region Gender Class Orientation Religion Disability Age Language Familial Profession * - Not Present, Specific, Generic, Inferred, Neutral Age Lang. Fam Prof
  9. 9. Potential Recommendation Consequences Outcome Don’t Comprehend That Others have Different Self-Definition Unrecognized Alternative Definition My SelfIdentification No Effective Recommendations Race, Age, Gender Interests, Culture, Class Outcome Comprehend That Others have Different SelfDefinition But Don’t Recognize Reference Limitation My SelfIdentification Recognized Alternative Definition Race, Age, Gender Interests, Culture, Class A Few Recommendations
  10. 10. Ideal Recommendation Consequences Outcome Comprehend That Others have Different SelfDefinition And Able to Make Recommendations Pertinent to Those Definitions Recognized Alternative Definition My SelfIdentification Many Effective Recommendations Even Though Different Race, Age, Gender Interests, Culture, Class

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