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Making Qualitative Data Open - Libby Bishop, UK Data Service

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RECODE Early Career Researcher worskhop, University of Sheffield 14-15th May 2015

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Making Qualitative Data Open - Libby Bishop, UK Data Service

  1. 1. Making Qualitative Data Open Libby Bishop UK Data Service University of Essex RECODE – Open Access to Research Data University of Sheffield 14-15 May 2015
  2. 2. …how do we design systems that make use of our data collectively to benefit society as a whole, while at the same time protecting people individually?…This is it: this is the fundamental issue of the information age.” Bruce Schneier 2015 Data and Goliath
  3. 3. Qualitative data challenges • Strong relationships of trust, commitments to confidentiality • Participant identity difficult to conceal • Audio and visual data • Research locations potentially identifiable • Difficult to anonymise data without reducing research value • Research may investigate illegal activities • But potential benefits of data sharing make it imperative to face these challenges
  4. 4. Options for sharing confidential data • Obtain informed consent, also for data sharing and preservation / curation • Protect identities e.g. anonymisation, not collecting personal data • Regulate access where needed (all or part of data) e.g. by group, use, time period • Securely store personal or sensitive data (separately)
  5. 5. Consent needed across the data life cycle • Engagement in the research process • decide who approves final versions of transcripts • Dissemination in presentations, publications, the web • decide who approves research outputs • Data sharing and archiving – broad consent • consider future uses of data Always dependent on the research context – special cases for covert research, verbal consent, etc.
  6. 6. In practice: consent form / information sheet We expect to use your contributed information in various outputs, including a report and content for a website. Extracts of interviews and some photographs may both be used. We will get your permission before using a quote from you or a photograph of you. After the project has ended, we intend to archive the interviews at …. Then the interview data can be disseminated for reuse by other researchers, for research and learning purposes. The interviews will be archived at ……. and disseminated so other researchers can reuse this information for research and learning purposes:  I agree for the audio recording of my interview to be archived and disseminated for reuse  I agree for the transcript of my interview to be archived and disseminated for reuse  I agree for any photographs of me taken during interview to be archived and disseminated for reuse http://ukdataservice.ac.uk/manage-data/legal-ethical/consent-data-sharing/consent- forms.aspx
  7. 7. Anonymising (qualitative) data • plan or apply editing at time of transcription except: longitudinal studies - anonymise when data collection complete (linkages) • avoid blanking out; use pseudonyms or replacements • avoid over-anonymising - removing/aggregating information in text can distort data, make them unusable, unreliable or misleading • consistency within research team and throughout project • identify replacements, e.g. with [brackets] • keep anonymisation log of all replacements, aggregations or removals made – keep separate from anonymised data files
  8. 8. In practice: example anonymisation
  9. 9. Managing access to data • Preferred option when anonymisation is ineffective or damaging • Visual or audio data or disclosive microdata • UK Data Service Access Policy has three tiers: • Open data - no registration, but may be licenced, e.g. CC • Safeguarded data – not personal, but disclosure risk if linked • Registration required, agree End User Licence (e.g. not identify any potentially identifiable individuals) • Special agreements (depositor permission; approved researcher) • Embargo for fixed time period • Controlled data - may be identifiable • Only available to accredited users • Accessed via onsite or virtual secure environment (secure lab)
  10. 10. In practice: data with access conditions Health and Social Consequences of the Foot and Mouth Disease Epidemic in North Cumbria, 2001-2003 (study 5407 in UK Data Archive collection) by M. Mort, Lancaster University, Institute for Health Research. • Interviews (audio + transcript) and written diaries with 54 people • 40 interview and diary transcripts are archived and available for re- use by registered users • 3 interviews and 5 diaries are embargoed until 2015 • audio files archived and only available by permission from researchers discover.ukdataservice.ac.uk/catalogue/?sn=5407 doc.ukdataservice.ac.uk/doc/5407/mrdoc/pdf/q5407userguide.pdf
  11. 11. How “open”? • Not all data can be made open, if we mean open = public • Publish/advertise: • Which data exist • Where data are kept, e.g. which repository • Who can access them • For what purposes • Under which conditions
  12. 12. ReShare (UK Data Service) • self-deposit data repository for research data • remit: “data resources of value to research and teaching communities across and beyond the social science discipline” (Collections Development Policy) • ESRC award holders: contractual requirement to archive and share their research data • reshare.ukdataservice.ac.uk
  13. 13. ReShare features • UK Federation Access authentication of data depositors and users • Pull related project information from RCUK Gateway to Research • Publish metadata records to UK Data Service Discover portal • DOI minted • UKDS staff review data collections before publishing • Access options for individual files or zip bundles: • open access – CC licence • safeguarded access - UK Data Service End User licence • permission access • embargo (up to 12 months)
  14. 14. Our data management guidance • Online best practice guidance: ukdataservice.ac.uk/manage-data.aspx • Managing and Sharing Research Data – a Guide to Good Practice: (Sage Publications Ltd) • Helpdesk for queries: ukdataservice.ac.uk/help/get-in-touch.aspx • Training: www.data-archive.ac.uk/create-manage/advice-training/events
  15. 15. Questions Libby Bishop ebishop@essex.ac.uk

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