CLASSIFICATION OF KAMPALA AS A CITY
IN COMPARISON WITH KIGALI
WAMBOKA IANN 14/UG/248/BARC-S.
RWAKAZIGAME ARTHUR MOSES 14/UG/086/BARC-S.
SHANYUNGU BUSHOKI 14/CG/189/BARC-S.
IGOBO NGANDU JOSUE 14/CG/070/BARC-J.
THOMAS TABAN DIKO 14/SS/430/BARC-J.
GROUP FIVE (5)
WHAT IS A CITY ?
A city is a large and permanent human settlement that has a population of more
than 100,0000 people.
Therefore Cities generally have complex systems for sanitation, utilities, land
usage, housing, and transportation. The concentration of development greatly
facilitates interaction between people and businesses, benefiting both parties in
the process, but it also presents challenges to managing urban growth.
Kampala is the capital city of Uganda in the Eastern
part of Africa.
The city (k’la) is divided in to five(5) divisions that
over sees the local planning, and these are:
Kampala central division.
Kampala is located on the central part of Uganda
and is surrounded by Wakiso district.
Kampala city has a total population of about
Kampala city has a total area of ; 189 sq. km.
Land =176 sq. km
Water=13 sq. km
Kampala is the largest urban settlement in Uganda. It lies on a
plateau, spread over more than twenty rolling hills. With an
altitude of 1180m above sea level.
Kampala has a pleasant weather, with annual temperatures
averaging 17 degrees (minimum) and 21 degrees (maximum)
Celsius. It has a population of 1.5 million people
Kigali is the capital city of Rwanda in the
East Africa region.
Kigali is consisting of three districts;
Kigali has a total area of about 93sq.
Km, and has a population of about
It is located at the Centre of the
Kigali became the capital of Rwanda in
1962, after the country gained its
Rwanda has recently enjoyed strong economic growth rates, creating new
business prospects and lifting people out of poverty.
The Government of Rwanda is actively working to develop the economy and
reform the financial and business sectors – improving the business climate
dramatically between 2010 and 2014, increasing its rank from 139 to 34 on the
annual World Bank Doing Business Report.
Rwanda’s major foreign exchange earners include mining, tourism, coffee, and
tea, and continued growth in these sectors will be critical for economic
development and poverty reduction.
1. The cross road city.
Kigali and Kampala are crossroad cities because:
They are centrally located thus having all the major roads crossing through
it, connecting to other towns in their respective countries and also to
neighboring countries ( like Kigali is connected Kampala and Bujumbura, so
is Kampala to juba, Nairobi and other cities in East Africa.)
Kampala can be classified as a city in comparison to
Kigali city in the following ways:
2. Commercial city
Kampala is a commercial city because it has most of the commercial
headquarters and platforms for investments like shopping malls, hotels, and the
different markets like nakasero market, business enterprises like midcom, htc hub
• The money market helps
in the generation of
• The other category of a
commercial revenue is the
African craft market
The commercial activities that characterizes Kigali as a city are the following
The big shopping malls, the banking systems, the markets, the transport systems
The tourism activities and others.
Kampala qualifies as an industrial city because it has the industrial area in
Nakawa. As compared to Kigali which has its industrial area within Kigali as well.
Industries like mukwano, Uganda baati, Tororo cement, Hima cement.
Kampala and Kigali qualifies as recreational cities because they
have the following services:
Sports centers like national stadiums
Tourists centers like the Uganda/Rwanda museum, kasubi tombs
Hotels like Sheraton hotel, Serena hotel.
Kampala has many high educational institutions such as
Makerere university, Kyambogo university, Kampala international
university, IUEA, KU, VU etc.
As compared to Kigali which has the following institutions
University of Rwanda.
GOVERNMENTAL CENTER CITY
Both Kigali and Kampala houses there respective national
They also have their governmental institutions
Different governments sectors like ministries of education, health,
public service, internal affairs.
Therefore Kigali compared to Kampala has an infrastructure that is growing
at a very fast rate.
Therefore in conclusion, Kampala city is more of or has been
characterized by the following in which its;
A commercial city due to different commercial activities.
An educational city due to the various institutions of higher learning that
are locate in the city.
Kampala is also an industrious city due to the different industries in the city.
Kigali city is more of the following categories:
It’s a recreational city due to the various tourism attraction sites like the
genocide memorial center that attract around 2000 visitors daily.
• Uganda Bureau of Statistics 2010.
• "Uganda: Administrative Division.
• Kampala Capital City Authority (KCCA).
• The Rwanda bureau of statistic.(RBOS)
• Rwanda investment commission.