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Psychology report


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Psychology report

  1. 1. Social Psychology Report 1 Social Psychology (PSY30203) Group Members: Mohammed Harris Bin Haji Abdul Aziz (0323219), Vun Tze Lin (0323301), Lee Fei Syen (0323008), Thomas Ting Shi Kaii (0323962) Taylor’s University Lakeside Campus February 1, 2016
  2. 2. Social Psychology Report 2 Summary of the video clip Venue: Taylor’s Classroom E3.10 Scene 1 – “First day of class” Harris goes to class on his first day, he stands up immediately when he sees a lecturer coming into the class. Then he looks around to see no one else standing with him, the class became quieter. The rest just look at him in confusion and embarrassment. Harris then awkwardly and quietly sits down. In the class, Harris meets Rainnie, Thomas and Jeanette and become friends. Rainnie, Thomas and Jeanette are portrayed as delinquents. After they become friends, the three delinquents bring him out for lunch. Harris sneezes then says: “Excuse me” and at the same time Rainnie sneezes louder but says nothing after. Harris is shocked and feels repulsed by Rainnie’s rude attitude. Scene 2 – “The next day” During class, the lecturer comes in and asks students to hand in their assignment. Meanwhile, Harris is nodding his head in enthusiasm, Thomas is shaking his head, panicking, Rainnie looks around and Jeanette looks at his/her work, worrying whether it is right or wrong. Then the students line up towards the lecturer’s desk and hand in their homework one at a time whilst the lecturer ticks their name to make sure who has submitted. Harris goes first. The lecturer takes a quick look and assumes that Harris is a good student just by his/her looks. Next is Thomas. The lecturer recognizes Thomas and remembers that he was from last year’s batch and is repeating his course. Thomas tries hide his fear by looking down to the ground. When the lecturer asks Thomas about his assignment, Thomas gives an excuse that he left his assignment at home. The lecturer feels very angry with it and scolded at him.
  3. 3. Social Psychology Report 3 At the end of the class, lecturer makes an announcement about there are only limited seats left for the scholarship. Harris waits for the class to empty and rushes to the lecturer to apply for the scholarship. Scene 3 – “Few Months Later – Mock Exam” In a classroom, the students are sitting for the big exams. Some students look confident during the test but Thomas looks unconfident and worries. Jeanette on the other hand doesn’t even try and she then proceeds to take out her phone. Scene 4 – “Weeks Later – Results” Harris scored a good grade, Rainnie scored an average ‘C’ grade, whereas Thomas and Jeanette failed the mock exam. Over the course of the next few months, the 4 friends studied hard and worked smart. Till the last few days before the exam. The 4 took an oath, “Whatever Happens, Keep Moving”. And the 4 proceeds to the exam. Weeks later after the exams, the 4 scored excellent grades and they lived happily ever after. Concepts In this video, we have chosen 8 concepts, which including Social Learning Perspective, Social Proof Perspective, Sociocultural Perspective, Confirmation Bias, Scarcity, Upward Counterfactual Thinking, Downward Counterfactual Thinking and Self-fulfilling Prophecy. Social Learning Perspective The first concept we chose to put into our video is social learning perspective. Social learning perspective means a person observes behavioral values, or attitudes of other people around them
  4. 4. Social Psychology Report 4 in various ways. They pay attention to these people (which we call them models), encode their behavior, at a later time they imitate (copy) the people’s behavior that they have observed. For example, a child sees his/her sister receive a candy for behaving politely and after that the child might imitate his/her sister behavior in the hope of getting a treat, too. From the video, the social learning perspective is happened on Harris. When Harris walks into the class on his first day, under an awkward environment, he then stands up when he sees a lecturer coming into the class. This shows the concept of social learning perspective because he learnt in the past to stand up in the presence of an authority figure, in this case a lecturer. Social Proof – Cialdini’s Six Weapons of Influence Social proof perspective means that when people are uncertain about their action, they tend to look outside themselves and to other people around them to guide their decisions and actions. In our video, Harris stands up when he sees a lecturer coming into class but at the same time when he looks around he sees no one else is standing with him, the class becomes quieter and the rest is looking at him in confusion and embarrassment. Harris then awkwardly and quietly sits down. This implies that Harris as a person, relies on his surrounding source of societal norms that influenced him to adjust to said norms – in this case, the subject of influence is that there is no need for the student to stand up whenever a lecturer comes in to class. Sociocultural Perspective Social cultural shows something that involves the social and cultural aspects. An example of sociocultural is knowing about the people around you and their family backgrounds. It helps one approach to understand why humans behave the way they do. In the scene, we can see differences in sociocultural from how Harris and Rainnie sneezes. After Harris, Rainnie, Thomas and Jeanette become friends, four of them are planning out for lunch. Harris excuses himself
  5. 5. Social Psychology Report 5 after he sneezes meanwhile Rainnie sneezes impolitely but says nothing after. In Harris’s culture, it is rude to sneeze loudly and to not apologize right after. This is why Harris feels shocked and repulsed by Rainnie’s rude attitude, due to the difference in cultural norms. Confirmation Bias Confirmation bias shows how people pay attention only to information that supports our beliefs. It is a tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one's preconceptions, leading to statistical errors. In the scientific method, it is process for conducting research that minimizes different types of bias. From the video, the lecturer recognizes Thomas and found that he is the one who is repeating the course from last year. She assumed that Thomas remained the same as previous, which is being a poor performing student. When Thomas claimed to have forgotten his homework and asked for an extended deadline, the lecturer replied aggressively with: “What? Hell no. You think you’re going to do this to me this year? NO WAY! You were a failure, and by the looks of it, you still are and always will be.” In this point of view, the lecturer made the assumption that Thomas has not made any improvements or change whatsoever, hence the lecturer proceeded under that assumption and neglected anything that contradicts to her belief or view of Thomas. Scarcity – Cialdini’s Six Weapons of Influence Scarcity is when people place a higher value on an object or subject that is scarce, and a lower value on those that are abundant. The thought that we, as humans, want something we cannot have driven us to desire the object even more. For example, Jimmy is going to apply for bachelor architecture degree year 1 but he doesn’t have enough money to pay for the registration fee yet the application was about to end soon. So he decided to use the money which he is supposed to buy a latest Nike shoes to pay for the registration fee. In the video, Harris wanted to apply for the
  6. 6. Social Psychology Report 6 scholarship, but after he heard the lecturer says that the scholarship is only open for 100 people and the seats are filling up quickly, regardless of his own image he was then rushes to the office and fill up the application form. Upward Counterfactual Thinking Counterfactual thinking is a concept in psychology that involves the human tendency to create possible alternatives to life events that have already occurred; something that is contrary to what actually happened. Thus, upward counterfactual thinking focuses on how the situation have been better. It is not uncommon for people to feel regret every time when a situation happened. For example, “If I started studying three days ago, instead of last night, I could have better results.” In the video, we have used the relevant concept on Thomas, who looks unconfident and worries during his exam. As what he said in the video: “OH MAN, I’m a failure, the lecturer said so him/herself, GODDAMN, what was I thinking?? I should have studied!” Through this situation, we can see that Thomas feel regret for not preparing his examination earlier and this shows upward counterfactual thinking. Downward Counterfactual Thinking Downward counterfactual thinking is one of a concept we did applied into our video. It concentrates on how situation could have been worst. In this case, this kind of person is usually a person who can make him/herself to feel better about the outcome because they know that this situation they having is not the worst it could be. For example, during a marathon Marry didn’t get the first place, but instead of pitting herself, she decides to look at the bright side by telling herself that things could have been worse and feel grateful about at least she didn’t get the last place. At the same time, she also motivates herself to see things in a positive way and try it again next year. In our video, Jeanette did not study well during her exam. When she saw the questions
  7. 7. Social Psychology Report 7 from the paper, she regretfully thinks :”Hmmm I should’ve studied, but hey at least it’s just a mock exam.” She was then proceeds to take out her phone and starts playing with her phone. Self-fulfilling Prophecy The other concept that we chose is self-fulfilling prophecy. It means the predictions that cause themselves to come true. For an example, for someone who thinks that he is bad in communicating to the public, he believes it and at the end his thought comes true, which results in him turning bad in communicating to the public. From the video, the self-fulfilling prophecy is applied on Thomas, who repeated the course since he failed during the last semester. He had been a very low scoring student as always. The lecturer judged Thomas who was the repeating student of the course by calling him "LOSER" which made him feel like having the tendency to fail the exams. When the mock exams came, Thomas recalled what the lecturer had said to him, "You are a loser". Ever since then, he started to tell himself that he is a failure and was not able to perform well. The incident he had with the lecturer incepted the idea of being an inevitable failure had produced a result that manifested itself through Thomas’ own actions, along with the works of lack of confidence, low self-esteem and insecurity. Eventually, the results came out. Thomas got a D and he failed the mock exam. The sentence he said, "I knew this would happen!" which means the concept of self-fulfilling prophecy took place. At the very first, he was worried and afraid of failing the mock exam. His prediction came true when he got the result. Conclusion In this video assignment, we have learnt to know about Social Psychology through a more creative way. Social Psychology Concepts are always applied in our daily lives. In fact, it is a very interesting and enlightening experience for all of us to gain knowledge in video shooting and also acting. Other than that, this assignment has also improved our teamwork between each
  8. 8. Social Psychology Report 8 other during group work and as well as to have a better comprehension as to what Social Psychology is, what it does and how it works.