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SuperLux International Symposium: Smart Light Art, Design and Architecture for Cities

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Urban lighting has transformed vastly since Thomas Edison perfected the first electric light bulb. Latest advances include the rollout of digitally controlled LEDs and many novel data- apps accessible with today’s mobile devices. Architects, designers, artists and scientists are using these new systems to revitalise the nightscapes of cities around the globe.

TU Munich SuperLux (smart light cities) symposium discussed how beautifully and intelligently urban scenes can be illuminated and activated after dark.
www.superlux.org

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SuperLux International Symposium: Smart Light Art, Design and Architecture for Cities

  1. 1. SUPERLUX Lehrstuhl für Raumkunst und Lichtgestaltung Prof. Hannelore Deubzer
  2. 2. International Light Symposium Introduction Astrospatial Architecture and Data Cities Urban Branding Creating with Smart Light Project Sunrise Responsive Urban Environments Urban Media between Real and Digital Space SPAXELS® The Art of Swarm Light Shows Phiips Lighting Headquaters - Lighting at the Workplace Light Week Munich Smart Lighting Education Prof. Hannelore Deubzer Davina Jackson Dr. Thomas Schielke Dr. Vesna Petresin Prof. Peter Droege Susanne Seitinger, PhD Thorsten Bauer Chris Bruckmeyr Nuno Galvao Emre Onur Alison Ritter and Joachim Ritter INTERNATIONAL LIGHT SYMPOSIUM SUPERLUX Table of Content 5 7 9 11 13 17 19 21 23 25 27
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  4. 4. 6 Urban lighting has transformed vastly since Thomas Edison perfected the first electric light bulb. Latest advances include the rollout of digitally controlled LEDs and many novel data- apps accessible with today’s mobile devices. Architects, designers, artists and scientists are using these new systems to revitalise the nightscapes of cities around the globe. TU Munich SuperLux (smart light cities) symposium will discuss how beautifully and intelligently urban scenes can be illuminated and activated after dark. Lighting experts from academia, industry and light artists will discuss emerging themes in light art, design and architecture, debating technology and theory. This symposium is an excellent opportunity for architects, urban designers and decision-makers to clarify new strategies for smart lighting in cities. The symposium is being hosted by Prof. Hannelore Deubzer, TU Munich’s Chair of Spatial Arts and Lighting Design, and organised by German light architecture scholars Dr. Thomas Schielke and Lutz Harrer, with Australian editor Davina Jackson and Germany-based guest writers for Jackson’s recent book “SuperLux: Smart Light Art, Design and Architecture for Cities” (Thames and Hudson, 2015). Videos will be shown from the recent SuperLux exhibition at the City of Sydney Customs House. The first symposium session presents the SuperLux essayists clarifying new eco- ethics for data cities, urban branding with media facades and recent advances with light festivals and public light art. The second session focuses on technologies and the third session presents case studies by leading international creative leaders. Welcome Prof. Hannelore Deubzer (Chair LRL, Dean of department of architecture) International Light Symposium SuperLux – Smart Light Art, Design & Architecture for Cities
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  6. 6. 8 Light remains the origin and sustenance of all forms of life on Earth—but human living is being transformed by ingenious applications of astrospatial technologies that were devised to fly to other planets. This century’s networked architectures of semiconductors, satellites, scanners and sensors manipulate diverse electromagnetic frequencies to convert light into unprecedented formats and contents of data that are destined to inform most human behaviours in future. Telematics and informatics are taking our civilisation far beyond the milieu of modernism enabled by Edison’s 1879 demonstration of electric incandescence and the transmillennial ‘digital age’ underpinned by portable computers and mobile telephony. In today’s “electroluminescent era” (Schielke and Jackson, 2015)—humanity’s third major period of lighting technology, catalysed by semiconductor-enabled RGB LED systems— we next expect a ubiquitous ‘internet of light’, pulsing data through buildings, cities, devices and apparel via the semiconductors which activate LEDs and solar cells (Haas, 2011). Tomorrow’s ultra-fast, high-capacity and energy- efficient li-fi networks seem destined to transcend wi-fi and radio telephony as the massively parallel electronic infrastructure needed to underpin “the new space economy” (OECD, 2007) and a vast science vision named the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS: GEO, 2005). Although ignored by the mainstream media so far, these are today’s most ambitious intergovernmental visions to reform the world’s economic and environmental management systems—and thus our societies and ways of life in future. Today’s ubiquitous earth observations (EO) movement updates Buckminster Fuller’s concepts towards auto- piloting our planet’s complex operations like a “Spaceship Earth” (Boulding, 1966; Ward, 1967; Fuller, 1968). Exploiting all flickering frequencies of the electromagnetic spectrum, this satellite-enabled paradigm undermines architecture’s classical ethos to build static, permanent monuments—and is driving a new scenario of responsive interactions between people and environments in relentless flux. Davina Jackson is a Sydney-based author, editor and curator, and a visiting research fellow with Goldsmiths College, University of London. She writes for British and European publishers on creative applications of technology in urban contexts and is the editor of SuperLux: Smart Light Art, Design and Architecture for Cities (Thames and Hudson, 2015). During the trans-millennial decades, she was a professor of multi-disciplinary design at the University of New South Wales, an editor of Architecture Australia, and a director (with Mary-Anne Kyriakou) of companies which produced the world’s first three ‘smart light’ festivals in Sydney and Singapore. She since has edited the world’s first comprehensive report on the global Earth observations movement, D_City: Digital Earth, Virtual Nations, Data Cities (GEO/DCity, 2013) and has curated three exhibitions on digital-environmental themes with the City of Sydney’s Customs House information centre. Her next book is a monograph on Douglas Snelling, a pan-Pacific modernist architect and designer (Routledge, 2017). Talk Davina Jackson ASTROSPATIAL ARCHITECURE AND DATA CITIES A new urban ethos from electromagnetic fluxes
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  8. 8. 10 Three decades ago the Hongkong and Shanghai Bank (HSBC) Headquarters by Norman Foster emerged onto the architectural seen as an exemplary product of industrial design. The open layout with its exposed steel structure generated a powerful corporate identity for the bank. But the restrained atmosphere of white architectural lighting and the lack of distinctive façade lighting has lost its attractiveness aftersunset.Nowthecolorfulanddynamicrelightingpresents a remarkable example of how an architectural icon has shifted from a productivist ideology towards a scenographic image. To the western observer the multicolored light language may give off a playful impression, but to the local culture the transformation evokes grandiosity. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Schielke studied architecture at the University of Technology in Darmstadt, Germany, and now is an editor at the lighting manufacturer ERCO, where he leads lighting workshops and is designing an extensive online guide for architectural lighting. He is a co-author of the ERCO book „Light Perspectives – between culture and technology“, has published numerous articles on lighting design and technology and has lectured at leading European and American universities, including Harvard GSD, MIT, Columbia GSAPP and ETHZ. His regular column “Light Matters” on ArchDaily reveals various perspectives of architectural lighting. Talk Dr. Thomas Schielke URBAN BRANDING
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  10. 10. 12 Fear of darkness is a primal instinct; we need light to cast away shadows and defeat anxieties about the unknown. Sight is the sense with which we perceive and navigate our environment. All living creatures reproduce and evolve through responses to Earth’s natural cycles with the sun and moon. But with propagation of media culture and the growth of urban agglomerations, cityscapes at night become are as bright as Christmas. Light has become an exciting creative tool as art, architecture, engineering and information technology go from producing static compositions of inert building materials to dynamic interactive arrays of components and their interfaces. The paradigm shifted from artificial light as a means of communication and visibility, to light relayed as bits of information across teleconnected devices and places. Computer-controlled light transforms interior and urban spaces into datascapes, while architectural facades become dematerialised screens transmitting dynamic scenes. The idea of merging the datascape with built environment has first been addressed by the Hypersurface theory. Multimedia art today develops environments and experiences that integrate material structures with immaterial flows of time, information and social behaviours. Pixels can be deployed flexibly within any environment or scale for aesthetic purposes, including visualising a city’s data for enhanced navigation and signalling. As an artist, I am interested in our relationship with the environment, datascapes, media, our senses, creativity and community. My responsive multimedia pieces examine the dreams and pitfalls of synergies between technology, culture and society. Dr. Vesna Petresin is a time architect, space composer and performer. Currently a visiting research fellow with Goldsmiths College, University of London, and an artist- in-residence with ZKM Media Arts Centre in Karlsruhe, she earned her PhD for research on temporal composition in architecture, art and music. In 2004 she joined French artist Laurent-Paul Robert to establish the London-based Rubedo art collective, which integrates sophisticated themes and techniques from optics, acoustics, complex geometry, psychology and synaesthesia. The Rudebo team has delivered performances, immersive experiences, multimedia installations and artefacts to international festivals and venues including the Tate Modern, Vienna Secession, ArtBasel Miami, the Venice and Beijing Architecture Biennales, the Royal Festival Hall and the Sydney Opera House. Talk Dr. Vesna Petresin CREATING WITH SMART LIGHT
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  12. 12. 14 Lighting uses 20% of global electricity generation, estimated to emit nearly 2.8 Gigatons of CO2, and costing some 4 billion USD each year. Peter Droege presents a strategy of deriving all of this worldwide by 2040 through the most powerful light source: the star we call Sun. Prof. DI MAAS Peter Droege is General Chairman of the World Council for Renewable Energy and directs the Liechtenstein Institute for Strategic Development in Vaduz and Berlin. During three decades of practice, research and teaching at MIT, Tokyo and Sydney universities, he has won many international prizes for visioary urban design, strategic city planning and sustainable development. He has published significant books and many articles developing and promoting advanced urban planning and regenerative design principles, encouraging the practical replacement of fossil and nuclear sources with renewable energy, while regenerating land and water systems to sequester atmospheric carbon. Talk Prof. Peter Droege PROJECT SUNRISE
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  16. 16. 18 There has been a proliferation of new, creative urban lighting projects for public space in the last decade. Two key trends have supported this rapid expansion: The advance of solid- state LED lighting technologies, on the one hand; and readily available digital processing capabilities both locally and in the cloud, on the other. In order to structure how these new projects shape social spaces, I propose a framework from ambient to dynamic to responsive and interactive. These categories are not mutually exclusive in time or space. They are meant to provide a framework for creative practitioners to exploit the real and new capabilities lighting offers today. No longer is light a supporting actor for shaping outdoor environments. It is becoming one of the most powerful, holistic tools for urban design. Light for Public Space provides many examples for inspiration. Looking ahead, as these new technologies become more commonplace, many new topics around the longer-term sustainability of digital lighting infrastructures and related topics of governance, privacy and the maintenance of public spaces will become increasingly important alongside creative expression. Susanne Seitinger, Global Sub-segment Manager for Open Spaces in Professional Systems at Philips Lighting is responsible for leading the strategy around the impact of programmable LED lighting elements to create safe, inviting and responsive urban environments. Her combined background in architecture, urban planning and human- computer interaction is comprised of research and design projects like the Digital Mile in Zaragoza, Spain and Urban Pixels, wireless LED pixels for ad-hoc media façades. LightBridge, a project in honor of MIT’s 150th anniversary in Cambridge, Massachusetts, used new configurations of low-resolution displays and sensor-activated urban screens to showcase the potential of responsive infrastructures in future urban lighting plans. She recently published Light for Public Space which provides an extensive overview of recent city lighting design trends: www.philips.com/ lightforpublicspace Seitinger received a BA from Princeton University as well as a PhD, MS and MCP from MIT. Her PhD dissertation— Liberated Pixels: Alternative Narratives for Lighting Future Cities—explored the aesthetic and interactive potentials for future lighting and display infrastructures. Talk Susanne Seitinger, PhD RESPONSIVE URBAN ENVIRONMENTS Interview by Dr. Thomas Schielke
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  18. 18. 20 We find ourselves at the beginning of a digital revolution within the real space. The mediatisation of urban space often leads to negative reactions and general reservations. This defensive reaction is completely justified, but is based only on the image that we currently have of the digital and that we project onto our reactions. In the future intertwining of digital contexts with the real space, the digital will have to subordinate itself to real space to a significant extent if it wishes to be a part of our living environments. Narrative formats and grammars that were valid until now won’t work in this environment – adequate narrative forms and designs for space-media still have to be invented. Thorsten Bauer is an award winning Creative Director of international installations in the field of Projection Mapping and Media Architecture. Founder of the artist collective Urbanscreen and co-founder of the Urbanscreen GmbH Co&KG. Freelance Creative Director, Curator, and Consultant for immersive media installations. Talk Thorsten Bauer URBAN MEDIA BETWEEN REAL AND DIGITAL SPACE
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  20. 20. 22 Spaxels, Space pixels, in the current incarnation an artistic tool for the temporary occupation of urban airspace. Since 2012, the Ars Electronica performs with its autonomous LED-Quadcopter swarm in the night sky over international cities. Spaxels as artistic or even commercial transformative and space freed display in the aesthetically neglected space between perceived ceiling of a metropolis and the lower limits of commercial airspace. Where static skyscrapers are desperately trying to scratch the night skies, Spaxels may be a new dynamic and volatile medium that frees us at least for a few moments from the focusing screen syndrome, the socially prescribed flatness of our senses. Chris Bruckmeyr, Mag., studied Communication Science / Market and Opinion Research at Vienna University and works in Linz/Austria. He is a creative Producer at Ars Electronica SPAXELS® GmbH. The new subsidiary of the Ars Electronica designs and executes spectacular airborne light shows for outdoor events (http://www.spaxels.at). He is a sound Artist and performer (FUCKHEAD / raum.null). His various performances include Ars Electronica Festival 2014 – 2016 and Heart of Noise Festival 2016. Talk Chris Bruckmeyr SPAXELS® The Art of Swarm Light Shows
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  22. 22. 24 While developing the design for the new PHILIPS Lighting Headquarters, the designers had to use light in many dimensions: from productive to emotional, informational and branding. The presentation will tell the story of how these different dimensions came together for this project. Nuno Galvão is an Architect and project leader at LAVA (Laboratory for Visionary Architecture) in Stuttgart, Germany. In his 10 years of architecture practice he worked mostly in conceptual to design development stages of large scale and complex projects. His work deals often with new ideas for contemporary work and living spaces supported by recent research on the field. His graduation thesis compared the discourse of Modern and Post-modern Architectures. At LAVA he continues the development of an Architecture centered on Human and Nature while blending areas like parametrization, digital fabrication, artificial intelligence, building information modeling, virtual reality as well as Ecology, Art and Phenomenology. Talk Nuno Galvao PHILIPS LIGHTING HEADQUATERS - LIGHTING AT THE WORKPLACE
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  24. 24. 26 LICHTWOCHE MÜNCHEN is an annually lighting event and started last year. The aim is to bring people together to raise awareness for light and to create a new platform in Munich for professionals and the public. The program contains lighting tours, lectures, workshops, installations, exhibitions and a competition for students. Emre Onur is chief-editor of the LICHT magazine, based in Munich (Pflaum Verlag). He finished architecture at the University of Stuttgart and with an MBA in International Management at University of Nürtingen. He has experience in publishing and media since 12 years in several media companies and for several magazines. Talk Emre Onur LIGHT WEEK MUNICH Interview by Dr. Thomas Schielke
  25. 25. 28 The time has come to get truly smart and restructure the lighting design market, ensure universities offering Lighting Design programmes base their syllabi on an accepted core curriculum, define a career path in Lighting, identify those already practising lighting design who are competent to perform this responsible task, develop ways of testing their expertise and create real and controlled opportunities for Continuing Professional Development (CPD) and research programmes. The ultimate goal is to achieve official recognition of the profession. And (further/continuing) education is the answer. Alison Ritter, B.A. Hons, PGCE studied German in Great Britain and is a teacher by profession. She has 20 years’ experience in translating texts and documents related to lighting design and lighting technology. She was one of the founders of Professional Lighting Designers’ Association, PLDA (formerly ELDA) and was responsible for the management and organisation of the association until September 2010. She also was a Fellow Member until 2011. Alison is heavily involved in the PLD magazine and PLDC, and is dedicating increasingly more time to facilitating Continuing Professional Development for lighting designers. On the academic front, she maintains contact to leading universities in the field and is actively following the process to recognise Lighting Design as a profession. Joachim Ritter, is a free-lance journalist with 25 years‘ professional experience. Special topics: architecture, lighting design and lighting technology. Joachim is the owner of the VIA-Verlag company and editor-in-chief of the Professional Lighting Design magazine. He is a Founding Member and was a board member of the Professional Lighting Designers’ Association, PLDA for 13 years. Until 2011 he was a Fellow Member. He also co-organises international workshops, conferences and other educational activities to promote the lighting design profession. He is organiser and founder of the global lighting design conventions in London PLDC 2007, Berlin 2009, Madrid 2011, Copenhagen 2013 and Rome 2015. Joachim Ritter served also a Member of the Board of the IALD Education Trust Fund of the IALD, International Association of Lighting Designers from 2005 to 2006. Talk Alison Ritter and Joachim Ritter SMART LIGHTING EDUCATION
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  28. 28. 31 In kind support of: Event Partner and Sponsor Media Partner
  29. 29. 32 Imprint Technische Universität München Fakultät für Architektur Lehrstuhl für Raumkunst und Lichtgestaltung Prof. Hannelore Deubzer Arcisstrasse. 21 D - 80333 München T. +49 89 289 225501 www.lrl.ar.tum.de sekretariat.deubzer@tum.de Concept + Moderation Dr. Thomas Schielke Organisation Lutz Harrer Davina Jackson Marco Neuss Dr. Thomas Schielke Documentation + Layout Arabella Becker Cover picture Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilations (MuCEM) from Artist Yann Kersalé and Architect Rudy Ricciotti All lectures are available online on Vimeo: https://vimeo.com/architektur
  30. 30. 33 Prof. Hannelore Deubzer (Chair LRL, Dean of department of architecure) hannelore.deubzer@tum.de https://www.lrl.ar.tum.de/startseite/ Davina Jackson davina@davinajackson.com http://davinajackson.com Welcome Astrospatial Architecture and Data Cities Urban BrandingDr. Thomas Schielke info@arclighting.de http://www.arclighting.de http://www.erco.com Dr. Vesna Petresin v.petresin@gold.ac.uk http://doc.gold.ac.uk Creating with Smart Light Prof. Peter Droege droege@solarcity.org http://eurisd.org Project Sunrise Susanne Seitinger, PhD susanne.seitinger@philips.com http://www.lighting.philips.com http://www.susanneseitinger.com Responsive Urban Environments Interview by Dr. Thomas Schielke
  31. 31. 34 Speakers Chris Bruckmeyer office@spaxels.at http://www.heartofnoise.at/2016/en/line-up/fuckhead/ http://www.aec.at Thorsten Bauer post@urbanscreen.com http://www.urbanscreen.com Urban Media between Real and Digital Space SPAXELS® The Art of Swarm Light Shows Nuno Galvao www.l-a-v-a.net Philips Lighting Headquaters - Lighting at the Workplace Emre Onur emre.onur@pflaum.de http://pflaum.de Light Week Munich Interview by Dr. Thomas Schielke Alison Ritter info@via-internet.com http://www.via-verlag.com Smart Lighting Education Joachim Ritter info@via-internet.com http://www.via-verlag.com Smart Lighting Education

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