Long before the ages of “Whats up” applications on your smart phones, the first mobile phones came up and Windows 3.11. When I started working and, when I was the first time at the Frontline in Mostar Bosnia & Hercegovina in 1994 with a bulletproof vest (scared like a rabbit) I couldn’t twitter, I coulnd use my Mobile phone to ask how to negotiate a water bridge across the Neretva river so that the Bosniacs on the east side would gain access to the water sources on the Croat West side. So I decided and this bridge was built in fact.
At that time, GTZ introduced Zielorientierte Projektplaniung resultsbased project planing. This was the precursor for the later Project-Cycle-Approach that the EU adopted and uses until this day.
It is interesting to note, when which disaster occurred and when what policy was initiated. Disasters are above the time axis and policies below.
In 1997, I witnessed myself the announcement in the field by German Army (Bundeswehr) that they would provide “humanitarian aid” and repair housing. Of course background of this move must be seen before the German Government’s interest to repatriate out of 350.000 refugees a maximum to their country of origin.
Yesterday, we have already seen the issue brought up by MSF of the misuse and abuse of the humanitarian term for political / military purposes.
PolicIes: Beloow the line
1993 Bosnia and Hercegovina; Intervention NATO : World Population 5,5 billion People Population density 1994 Ruanda Genocide Bosnia and Kosovo until 2001 1997 Bundeswehr intends to deliver humanitarian aid 2001 MDG (OECD, WB, IMF what humanitarian background did they have?) 2003 Afghanistan “tell me where the Taliban are, and you get aid” 2002 ECHO introduces pilot DRR, DPP 2003 Iraq 2004 Tsunami and start of Darfur 2005 DPRK expelling Aid agencies 2005 Paris Accra Declaration 2009 Sudan expelling NGOs from Darfur 2010 Pakistan Floods and Horn of Africa 2011 Haiti 2012 Drought East Africa 2013 Südsudan 2014 da sind wir jetzt 7,2 billion people population density due to urbanisation 2015 Erfüllung MDG?
ZOPP von GTZ wurde aus USAID Vorlagen
Für die von Juni 1997 bis Dezember 2004 eingesetzten deutschen CIMIC-Kräfte (CivilMilitary Cooperation) stand zunächst die Unterstützung von Flüchtlingen und Rückkehrern im Vordergrund. Unter anderem wurden insgesamt rund 1.800 Wohneinheiten instand gesetzt und 42 Schulen wieder aufgebaut oder saniert. AT THE SAME TIME Von Juni 2004 bis März 2011 waren deutsche CIMIC-Soldaten im Rahmen von „Liaison and Observation Units“ zur Gewinnung eines zivilen Lagebildes eingesetzt.
LRRD An evaluation has brought up: In 2001 the European Commission started a LRRD strategy (linking relief, rehabilitation and development) The analysis of the actual implementation of the European LRRD concept in different partner countries and crisis situations shows that, despite some progress made in recent years, the funding gap in the grey area between relief and development still exists and the coordination and enhancement of LRRD activities is far from being institutionalised.
presentation project Vabea EN EMB
Vabea District School
(Energy for remote Fiji Islands)
Thomas Pfeiffer, Dipl.-Ing.
(David Norta; Dipl.-Ing.)
Where: Vabea on Ono / Kadavu
The village Narikoso
Facts & figures:
•Kava, Taro, Fishing , Cassava
The village Vabea / Waisomo
Can be reached by boat from Kavala
Vabea District school
• light in the dorm, the
kitchen, the toilets and
• evening classes
• community meetings
• recharge mobile phones
• teachers are better able
to prepare their classes in
the evening under light