UNICEF - child protection indicators


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  • Previously highlighted issues constraints in terms of data needs and limited resources. How to use use resources more effectively, more collaboration and sharing expertise.
  • UNICEF - child protection indicators

    1. 1. UNICEF and Data Collection in Child Protection Moving Forward in creating the required critical mass
    2. 2. Why it is part of UNICEF’s core mandate <ul><li>UNICEF has a global mandate for assessing the situation of children worldwide. This is a watchdog function and it should not be limited. </li></ul><ul><li>UNICEF has also a function as an agent of change at country and regional level: supporting governments to reform child protection systems. </li></ul><ul><li>In both cases, it is about knowledge building, focusing on trends and disparities. </li></ul><ul><li>It is about ensuring that government decisions are informed for improved policy formulation and programme planning (UNICEF as an evidence-based organization). </li></ul>
    3. 3. Title goes here <ul><li>Household Surveys (MICS – Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey/UNICEF) </li></ul><ul><li>TransMonee. Data Information system for social inclusion of children and women. </li></ul><ul><li>MERG : An inter-agency reference group on M&E in child protection </li></ul><ul><li>Systems indicators (UNICEF/UNODC Juvenile Justice System Indicators) / Manual for the Measurement of Indicators for Children in Formal Care (Better Care Network, UNICEF) </li></ul>It takes several streams to make a river
    4. 4. UNICEF support for data collection: MICS <ul><li>Household surveys designed to collect data on children and women and to provide evidence </li></ul><ul><li>More than 100 indicators (nutrition, child health, mortality, child protection, education, HIV, etc.) . Key data source for monitoring the MDGs, the World Fit for Children goals, and other major international commitments </li></ul><ul><li>Largest source of internationally comparable data on child protection indicators (both in terms of numbers of countries collecting data and in terms of ranges of CP issues covered) </li></ul><ul><li>Data available by background characteristics (sex, ethnicity, wealth, education, etc.) and at the sub-national level. </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest level / less filtered / Allow disaggregation / but periodic </li></ul>
    5. 5. Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys 200 surveys in 100 countries since 1995 15 years, 100 countries and 200 surveys Note: Countries with at least one MICS survey.
    6. 6. Child Protection in MICS <ul><li>Standard modules: </li></ul><ul><li>Child Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Birth Registration </li></ul><ul><li>Child Labour </li></ul><ul><li>FGM/C </li></ul><ul><li>Child Disability </li></ul><ul><li>Child Discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Attitudes towards Domestic Violence </li></ul><ul><li>- Children included in the surveys: all children living in a household, including orphans and children from minorities </li></ul><ul><li>- Groups of children that are not captured: children living in institutions, children living in the street, children in non-permanent residences </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><ul><li>TRANSMONEE: Information system for social inclusion of children and women </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brings together in a single information system national statistical information relevant to the welfare of children, young people and women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Population, birth rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child and maternal mortality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Life expectancy and adult mortality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family formation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health, Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child protection issues widely covered (parental and residential care, foster homes, children with disabilities, violence against children, juvenile crimes and sentencing, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  Gender sensitive data wherever possible </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><ul><li>Geographical coverage </li></ul></ul>Provides trends against common and comparable benchmarks across the following 28 countries since 1989 EU Member States: Bulgaria Czech Rep. Estonia Hungary Latvia Lithuania Poland Romania Slovakia Slovenia Candidate countries: Croatia The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Potential candidate countries: Albania Bosnia and Herzegovina Montenegro Serbia Other European Countries and Eastern neighbours: Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Georgia Rep. of Moldova Russian Fed. Ukraine Central Asia: Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Turkmenistan Uzbekistan
    9. 9. <ul><ul><li>Obstacles to evidence-based policies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of data </li></ul><ul><li>Variations in definitions of indicators and terminology used by different countries </li></ul><ul><li>Was designed before CP indicators were clearly defined. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Monitoring and Evaluation Reference Group on Child Protection <ul><li>Established in July 2009. Chaired by UNICEF and Save the Children (2010-2011) http://www.cpmerg.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Develop new policies, standards, indicators, methods and tools in the area of M&E for child protection </li></ul><ul><li>Support population based data collection on the incidence of CP issues nationally, regionally and globally </li></ul><ul><li>Identify an evaluation and research agenda; + lessons learned, good practices and facilitate knowledge management in CP sector </li></ul><ul><li>Forge partnerships and share M&E information and learning with existing inter-organizational M&E working groups and networks </li></ul>
    11. 11. CP MERG priorities for the first biennium <ul><ul><li>Inventory and assessment of existing tools and methods to measure violence against children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review of existing population based data sets across the sector and identification of gaps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collation and assessment of methods to monitor the incidence of children out of home care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identification of promising M&E tools </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. UNICEF MICS data with regional variations Note: For Kyrgyzstan age group is 3-14 years
    13. 13. UNICEF MICS age disaggregation Note: For Kyrgyzstan age group is 3-14 years
    14. 16. Juveniles sentenced to detention (placed in correctional/punitive institutions/prisons, end of year, per 100 000 population 14-17 years) 2000-05 UNICEF Regional office CEE/CIS Source: TransMonee Bulgaria Ukraine FYR Macedonia Croatia Georgia Romania Moldova England Armenia Germany