Missing Children Europe - Indicators


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Missing Children Europe - Indicators

  1. 1. Introduction to Working Group 2: Indicators on the protection needs of specific groups of vulnerable children: Missing children Delphine Moralis Deputy Secretary General Missing Children Europe
  2. 2. <ul><li>Defining categories of missing children </li></ul><ul><li>Data on missing children </li></ul><ul><li>Services for missing children: entry point for data </li></ul>Outline of presentation
  3. 3. <ul><li>Cases dealt with by members of Missing Children Europe: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Runaways </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International parental abductions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Missing unaccompanied migrant minors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lost, injured or otherwise missing children </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criminal abductions </li></ul></ul></ul>Defining categories of missing children
  4. 4. <ul><li>Definitions adopted for the 5 categories of missing children </li></ul><ul><li>Based on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing practices within MCE membership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National legislation </li></ul></ul>Defining categories of missing children
  5. 5. <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Runaways (National / International) </li></ul><ul><li>Minors who run away from home, from the people responsible for their care or from the institution where they have been placed </li></ul><ul><li>International parental abductions: </li></ul><ul><li>Cases where a child is taken away to, or kept in, a country or place other than that of its normal residence by one or more of his/her parents or persons having parental authority against the other parent's will or against the will of the person with parental authority. </li></ul><ul><li>Missing unaccompanied migrant minors: </li></ul><ul><li>Disappearances of migrant children, nationals of a country with which there is no free movement of persons, under the age of 18 who have been separated from both parents and are not being cared for by an adult, who by law is responsible for doing so. </li></ul>Defining categories of missing children
  6. 6. Defining categories of missing children <ul><li>Definitions used as starting point for attempts to collect data on caseload of members </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Terminology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data collection models used (cases, children, closure, …) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Definitions themselves: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Runaways (« voluntary ») </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>«International» parental abductions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Missing, unaccompanied «migrant» minors </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>- Definitions also used for mapping current operational procedures of missing children hotlines and cross border co-operation practices through a survey (2009-2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Results used to establish a minimum quality standard for missing children hotlines, currently being used as basis for a practical guide for hotline operators </li></ul>Defining categories of missing children
  8. 8. Defining categories of missing children
  9. 9. Defining categories of missing children
  10. 10. Data on missing children <ul><li>2001 Council Resolution on the contribution of civil society in finding missing and sexually exploited children </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JAI Council requested that the Commission would analyse the actual extent of the phenomenon of missing and sexually exploited children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Commission funded research on epidemiological data ‘missing and sexually exploited children’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion: Data collection is organised in a very chaotic and poor fashion </li></ul><ul><li>Situation has not really improved since, data is fragmented, not comparable </li></ul>
  11. 11. Data on missing children <ul><li>RESEARCH ON RUNAWAYS NOVEMBER 2010: </li></ul><ul><li>Method: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Questionnaires were completed by representatives of Government in 19 member states. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telephone interviews were conducted with representatives of NGOs in 11 member states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A total of 21 member states cooperated with the research. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Focus: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Definitions, data, best practices </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Data on missing children <ul><li>Problems with definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Children often not reported as missing / most at risk </li></ul><ul><li>Definitions not child centred – tend to be focused on law enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>No definitions, no data, no policies & services </li></ul>
  13. 13. Data on missing children <ul><li>Problems with data </li></ul><ul><li>Data variations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Difference in reporting thresholds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difference in recording practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difference in definitions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NGO & government estimates differ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lack of data concerning specific scenarios </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children running from care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children who are hurt or harmed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Migrant children and trafficked children </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No definitions, no data, no policies & services </li></ul>
  14. 14. Services for missing children: entry point for data <ul><ul><li>EUROPEAN TELEPHONE NUMBER FOR MISSING CHILDREN </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operational in 15 EU Member States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum quality standard for operation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How many cases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accessability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHILD ALERT SYSTEMS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some kind of system (on paper) in 12 EU Member States </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are the criteria for launching the system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What is the decision making process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How often has it been launched. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Thank you www.missingchildreneurope.eu www.hotine116000.EU