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The State Of Academic Integrity In Europe - Taras Shevchenko University, Kiev, Ukraine - 25 April 2017

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What can Ukraine and the wider world learn about the state of academic integrity in Europe? This talk, presented at a Council of Europe event, looks at the importance of academic integrity and considers other research work and good practice observed around Europe.

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The State Of Academic Integrity In Europe - Taras Shevchenko University, Kiev, Ukraine - 25 April 2017

  1. 1. 1http://thomaslancaster.co.uk The State of Academic Integrity in Europe Presented by Dr. Thomas Lancaster from Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, United Kingdom Presented at Taras Shevchenko University, Kyiv, Ukraine on Tuesday, 25 April 2017
  2. 2. 2http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Introduction
  3. 3. 3http://thomaslancaster.co.uk About Dr. Thomas Lancaster Background Working at Staffordshire University, United Kingdom as an Associate Dean Have been employed in higher education since 2000 – my main academic discipline is Computer Science Undertake research and raise awareness on issues surrounding academic integrity Main publications relate to student plagiarism and contract cheating (ghost written work) Contact Information Email: thomas@thomaslancaster.co.uk Website (and blog): http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Twitter: @DrLancaster Slideshare (talk archive): https://www.slideshare.net/thomaslancaster
  4. 4. 4http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Regular Media Contributor And Speaker
  5. 5. 5http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Areas For Consideration What is academic integrity and why is acting with integrity important in education? What behaviours demonstrate a lack of academic integrity and what can we do to address these behaviours? What do we know about the wider issues of academic integrity in Europe? What is working well elsewhere?
  6. 6. 6http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Important note: Academic integrity is not just about plagiarism
  7. 7. 7http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Does Academic Integrity Matter?
  8. 8. 8http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Which Of These Types Of People Succeeds More With Their Career? Acting without academic integrity? Acting with academic integrity?
  9. 9. 9http://thomaslancaster.co.uk A Lack Of Academic Integrity Leads To ‘Bad’ News stripped of PhD guilty of falsifying data papers pulled from publication fake peer review Examples of the types of news stories surrounding academic integrity
  10. 10. 10http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Important note: Academic integrity is not just about students
  11. 11. 11http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Academic integrity applies to… Students – are the qualifications they get deserved? Teachers – do they treat all students fairly? Managers – are they providing their staff with the support they need? Leaders – are they leading by example and providing opportunities for autonomy? …and everyone involved in the educational process
  12. 12. 12http://thomaslancaster.co.uk What Is Academic Integrity?
  13. 13. 13http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Definitions Of Academic Integrity “Academic Integrity is honest and responsible scholarship. As a student, you are expected to submit original work and give credit to other peoples' ideas.” Michigan State University https://ombud.msu.edu/academic- integrity/What%20is%20Academic%20Integrity.html “Academic integrity is the moral code or ethical policy of academia. This includes values such as avoidance of cheating or plagiarism; maintenance of academic standards; honesty and rigor in research and academic publishing.” Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academic_integrity “Academic integrity is the pursuit of scholarly activity in an open, honest and responsible manner.” Pennsylvania State University http://tlt.psu.edu/plagiarism/student-tutorial/defining- plagiarism-and-academic-integrity “Academic integrity is the core set of values and principles that underwrites the very mission of the University itself: integrity, honesty, hard work, and the determination to translate personal and professional principles into behavior.” University of Missouri https://osrr.missouri.edu/faculty Results from 4 of the first 5 matches for “academic integrity definition” on Google (one link did not contain a definition)
  14. 14. 14http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Academic Integrity Most commonly defined in negative ways such as: “eliminating student plagiarism” “stopping student cheating”
  15. 15. 15http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Can we think about academic integrity in a positive way?
  16. 16. 16http://thomaslancaster.co.uk academic integrity fair transparent consistentrepresentative respectful rigorous
  17. 17. 17http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Academic Integrity Academic integrity is: “doing the right thing when no one else is watching you” attribution not available
  18. 18. 18http://thomaslancaster.co.uk How Is Academic Integrity Being Supported Within Europe?
  19. 19. 19http://thomaslancaster.co.uk ETINED The Pan-European Platform on Ethics, Transparency and Integrity in Education The mission of the ETINED platform is to: • Share information and good practices in the field of transparency and integrity in education • Contribute to the development of adequate answers to challenges that corruption poses to the sector of education and higher education • Create a virtuous cycle in education, whereby all actors commit to fundamental positive ethical principles • Develop capacity-building for all actors http://www.coe.int/en/web/ethics-transparency-integrity-in-education
  20. 20. 20http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Some Guiding Projects (so far) Impact of Policies for Plagiarism in Higher Education Across Europe (IPPHEAE) 2010 to 2013 http://plagiarism.cz/ippheae (1) Austria, (2) Belgium, (3) Bulgaria, (4) Cyprus, (5) Czech Republic, (6) Germany, (7) Denmark, (8) Estonia, (9) Finland, (10) France, (11) Greece, (12) Hungary, (13) Ireland, (14) Italy, (15) Latvia, (16) Lithuania, (17) Luxembourg, (18) Malta, (19) Holland, (20) Poland, (21) Portugal, (22) Romania, (23) Slovakia, (24) Slovenia, (25) Spain, (26) Sweden, (27) United Kingdom South East European Project on Policies for Academic Integrity (SEEPPAI) 2016 to 2017 http://www.plagiarism.cz/seeppai (1) Albania, (2) Bosnia and Herzegovina, (3) Croatia, (4) Montenegro, (5) the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, (6) Serbia
  21. 21. 21http://thomaslancaster.co.uk IPPHEAE And SEEPPAI Findings There is some good practice in every country (33 so far) There is more work to do in every country Much good practice is led by individual academics who want to make a difference
  22. 22. 22http://thomaslancaster.co.uk IPPHEAE Findings (2010 to 2013) Academic integrity policies generally lacked maturity Overall, United Kingdom higher education institutions had the most mature academic integrity policies but the maturity of policies was not consistent across the UK Policies not always follows Definitions of plagiarism and penalties awarded differed widely
  23. 23. 23http://thomaslancaster.co.uk IPPHEAE Findings (2010 to 2013) There was a lack of statistics available regarding plagiarism and academic misconduct Austria and Sweden were the only countries with national statistics Institutions consistently lacked useful statistics regarding plagiarism and academic misconduct cases
  24. 24. 24http://thomaslancaster.co.uk IPPHEAE Findings (2010 to 2013) Some countries denied that they had any problems with academic integrity For example: “We don’t have plagiarism here” Estonia
  25. 25. 25http://thomaslancaster.co.uk SEEPPAI Findings (2016 to 2017) Most findings consistent with IPPHEAE findings, particularly regarding academic integrity processes Some further key challenges for the SE Europe region include: Contract cheating (ghost writing) Examination cheating Bribery and financial corruption Lack of student education regarding plagiarism and academic writing Lack of support for teaching staff with continued professional development
  26. 26. 26http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Student Comments From SEEPPAI Focus Groups “They (teachers) are lazy to do good exams where students can’t cheat” “We have teachers who even don’t read the papers. One teacher slept on the exam!” “I think that the cheating in schools resembles the state in the entire country – cheating on political and structure level, that’s kind of part of our culture.”
  27. 27. 27http://thomaslancaster.co.uk IPPHEAE And SEEPPAI Findings 0.00 5.00 10.00 15.00 20.00 25.00 UK Austria Sweden IrishRep Malta Slovakia Cyprus Finland Netherlands CzechRep Slovenia Denmark Belgium Bosnia&Herz Estonia Greece Lithuania Macedonia Croatia Poland Albania Portugal Latvia Serbia Germany Hungary Romania Spain France Italy Luxembourg Montenegro Bulgaria Research Training Knowledge Communication Prevention Software Sanctions Policies Transparency Academic Integrity Maturity Model Dr. Irene Glendinning
  28. 28. 28http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Positive Action Within Europe
  29. 29. 29http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Good Examples From SEEPPAI Research Universities (and/or individual faculties) adopting processes from more mature institutions The use of software tools to detect plagiarism, either across whole institutions or by individual teachers The use of spoken examinations to check that students understand their subject Supporting PhD students to spend time abroad on placement and bring new ideas and good practice back with them
  30. 30. 30http://thomaslancaster.co.uk https://www.academicintegrity.eu Newly launched European platform for exploring academic integrity issues Currently involves 12 European partners Led from Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic Develops resources and materials to support academic integrity initiatives European Network for Academic Integrity (ENAI)
  31. 31. 31http://thomaslancaster.co.uk https://plagiarism.pefka.mendelu.cz 3rd International Conference, Plagiarism across Europe and Beyond 24 - 26 May 2017, Brno, Czech Republic The theme is “sharing innovative practices in academic integrity” ENAI Supported Conference
  32. 32. 32http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Academic integrity is a global problem
  33. 33. 33http://thomaslancaster.co.uk We need strong academic integrity leadership
  34. 34. 34http://thomaslancaster.co.uk We need to encourage ethical values throughout the education system
  35. 35. 35http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Promoting Awareness Of Contract Cheating And Academic Integrity In The United Kingdom Staffordshire University University of Northampton
  36. 36. 36http://thomaslancaster.co.uk #excelwithintegrity #defeatthecheat It is time to decide how to act

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