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Policies for Academic Integrity in Montenegro and South East Europe - Montenegro - 16 May 2017

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These slides explore academic integrity issues relating to South East Europe, with specific reference to Montenegro. Examples are taken from the South East Europe Projects for Policies in Academic Integrity (SEEPPAI), including key challenges for the region pulled from survey and student focus group data. The slides also identify good practice towards plagiarism and academic integrity from the region.

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Policies for Academic Integrity in Montenegro and South East Europe - Montenegro - 16 May 2017

  1. 1. Slide 1 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Policies for Academic Integrity in Montenegro and South East Europe Presented by Dr. Thomas Lancaster from Staffordshire University, Stoke-on-Trent, United Kingdom in Bečići, Montenegro on Tuesday, 16 May 2017
  2. 2. Slide 2 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Introduction
  3. 3. Slide 3 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk About Dr. Thomas Lancaster Background Computer Science academic by background Associate Dean at Staffordshire University, United Kingdom (formerly Coventry University and Birmingham City University) Completed PhD in plagiarism detection in 2003 Have subsequently researched across the academic integrity field, including supporting the Council of Europe work in SE Europe Best known for publications relating to contract cheating (students using ghost writers to complete their work) Contact Information Email: thomas@thomaslancaster.co.uk (personal) thomas.lancaster@staffs.ac.uk (university) Website (and blog): http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Twitter: @DrLancaster Slideshare (talk archive): https://www.slideshare.net/thomaslancaster
  4. 4. Slide 4 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Regular Media Contributor And Speaker
  5. 5. Slide 5 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Research Visit To Montenegro (November 2016) Plagiarism and contract cheating workshop at University of Montenegro (Centre for Doctoral Studies)
  6. 6. Slide 6 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Areas For Consideration What is the current state of academic integrity in South East Europe? What good practice is happening around the region? What are the most important challenges to address?
  7. 7. Slide 7 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Academic Integrity
  8. 8. Slide 8 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Academic Integrity – Rough Definition (based on many standard definitions) The set of core values and principles that underpin the activities of universities
  9. 9. Slide 9 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Academic Integrity Manifests Itself In… The fairness of assessment processes The rigour of academic research The professional values instilled into students The originality of student work …and should be integral to the mission of universities
  10. 10. Slide 10 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Academic Integrity Research Within South East Europe
  11. 11. Slide 11 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk South East European Project on Policies for Academic Integrity (SEEPPAI) Council of Europe (ETINED) project, examining the processes and policies in place around academic integrity in South East Europe Explored the attitudes to academic integrity and associated behaviours such as plagiarism Data collected October to December 2016 – final report released April 2017 Countries involved (1) Albania (2) Bosnia and Herzegovina (3) Croatia (4) Montenegro (5) the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (6) Serbia
  12. 12. Slide 12 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk SEEPPAI Project Team Members Czech Republic SEEPPAI Leads (representing Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic) Support for Mendel University team United Kingdom SEEPPAI Leads (representing Coventry University, United Kingdom) Tomáš Foltýnek Ben Calhoun (from Webster Vienna Private University, Austria) Irene Glendinning Dita Dlabolova Tetyana Kapet Thomas Lancaster (now at Staffordshire University, United Kingdom) Dana Linkeschova (from Brno University of Technology)
  13. 13. Slide 13 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Final SEEPPAI Report http://www.plagiarism.cz/seeppai Plagiarism Across Europe and Beyond Conference Paper (24 - 26 May 2017, Brno, Czech Republic) https://plagiarism.pefka.mendelu.cz Two main SEEPPAI resources released so far (plus slides from presentations and further papers to follow)
  14. 14. Slide 14 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Data Collection Total Number Number from Montenegro Student Surveys 460 9 Teacher Surveys 255 11 Higher Education Management Surveys 15 0 Student Focus Groups 13 1 Interviews and Group Discussions (Teachers, Managers, National Representatives) 24 3
  15. 15. Slide 15 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk SEEPPAI Findings
  16. 16. Slide 16 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk My institution has policies and procedures for dealing with plagiarism All countries Montenegro Strongly Disagree 10.36% 0.00% Disagree 11.55% 20.00% Not sure 24.30% 20.00% Agree 27.09% 30.00% Strongly Agree 23.90% 10.00% Not applicable 2.79% 20.00% Teacher responses to survey
  17. 17. Slide 17 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk My institution has policies and procedures for when a student uses a ghost writer or third party to complete an assessment for them All countries Montenegro Strongly Disagree 6.43% 10.00% Disagree 10.84% 30.00% Not sure 25.30% 20.00% Agree 27.71% 20.00% Strongly Agree 23.29% 10.00% Not applicable 6.43% 10.00% Teacher responses to survey
  18. 18. Slide 18 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Penalties for plagiarism are administered according to a standard formula All countries Montenegro Strongly Disagree 13.65% 22.22% Disagree 9.24% 11.11% Not sure 40.16% 33.33% Agree 17.67% 0.00% Strongly Agree 14.06% 11.11% Not applicable 5.22% 22.22% Teacher responses to survey
  19. 19. Slide 19 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk There should be more training for students on avoidance of plagiarism and academic dishonesty at my institution All countries Montenegro Strongly Disagree 0% 0% Disagree 1.20% 0% Not sure 4.00% 0% Agree 28.80% 22.22% Strongly Agree 58.40% 66.67% Not applicable 7.60% 11.11% Teacher responses to survey
  20. 20. Slide 20 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk There should be more training for academic teachers on avoidance of plagiarism and academic dishonesty at my institution All countries Montenegro Strongly Disagree 0.80% 0.00% Disagree 2.01% 0.00% Not sure 9.24% 22.22% Agree 29.32% 33.33% Strongly Agree 51.00% 44.44% Not applicable 7.63% 0.00% Teacher responses to survey
  21. 21. Slide 21 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk SEEPPAI Examples
  22. 22. Slide 22 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Student Comments From SEEPPAI Focus Groups “Some professors ignore the option of typing a sentence into Google. They are glad if most of the students pass that exam.” “Students always know which professors will check.”
  23. 23. Slide 23 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Student Comments From SEEPPAI Focus Groups “Students plagiarise because they are not capable of writing.” “Maybe it’s the mistake of teachers and professors? They don’t teach students how to write proper work.” “They are used to cheating from primary school. There is a problem in Montenegro.”
  24. 24. Slide 24 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Student Comments From SEEPPAI Focus Groups “There are a few professors who are known for taking money to let students pass exams.”
  25. 25. Slide 25 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Staff Comments From SEEPPAI Discussions Very different views depending on the level of staff within the educational establishment Processes and policies exist, but are not always known about or followed Staff most involved with teaching see more challenges Teaching staff identify a pressure to publish academic research, but do not have easy access to research databases
  26. 26. Slide 26 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Challenges and Action
  27. 27. Slide 27 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Key Challenges Across SE Europe Contract cheating (ghost writing) Examination cheating Bribery and financial corruption Lack of student education regarding plagiarism and academic writing Lack of support for teaching staff with continued professional development
  28. 28. Slide 28 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Good Practice In SE Europe Teaching assistants provided the opportunity to study abroad – then bring good practice back with them Spoken examinations used to check that students understood their subject Academic integrity policies developed based on those used in partner institutions
  29. 29. Slide 29 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk SEEPPAI Conclusions There is some good practice in every country (and there is much more good practice included in the main report) There is more work to do in every country Much good practice is led by individual academics who want to make a difference
  30. 30. Slide 30 Academic Integrity - Achievements and Future Perspectives of Montenegro Dr. Thomas Lancaster http://thomaslancaster.co.uk Closing Question Why should staff and students act with academic integrity (when others do not)? What is their reward?

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