Wars by Proxy<br />Thomas Hedstrom December 2010<br />
Proxy War:<br />- A war instigated by a major power that does not itself participate.<br />
Greek Civil War 1945-1947<br />http://img121.imageshack.us/i/ant194710dn.jpg/<br /><ul><li> The Democratic Army of Greece (DSE) backed by the United States and Britain against the (KKE) backed by the Soviet Union and its allies in the satellite countries.
The DSE was successful with the support of the USA.
Yugoslavia withdrew from Greece due to a series of political losses and soon later became an independent nation.
The Democratic and Capitalistic side benefited from the win in Greece but in doing so the tension between the superpowers increased. </li></ul>http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/greek.htm<br />
Korean War<br />1950-1953<br />http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/images/korean-war-artillery.jpg<br /><ul><li> The North Koreans were helped by the Soviet Union and its allies and South Korea was aided by the US and Britain.
The country was split in half at the 38 parallel.
North Korea wanted to be unified by using force.
The country is still divided between the North and South.
Tensions did increase however. </li></ul>http://www.korean-war.info/history/<br />
Vietnam<br />1955-1975<br />http://scrapetv.com/News/News%20Pages/usa/images-3/vietnam-war-soldiers.jpg<br /><ul><li> The communists supported North Vietnam and the USA supported the South Vietnamese.
Reason for the Vietnam war was to prevent the takeover of South Vietnam to the communists.
War peaked in between 1967 – 1970 where ground forces were withdrawn .
Peace Accords were signed by all countries involved in the war but fighting continued till 1975.
Communistic views increased in Vietnam and the country is still communist.</li></ul>http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/<br />
Bay of Pigs Invasion<br />1961<br />http://www.independent.co.uk/multimedia/archive/00016/bopigs_16663s.jpg<br /><ul><li> The invasion of Cuban soil by the CIA, OP40, and Cuban exiles (supported by the USA) was a failed attempt at collapsing the Cuban Government and Fidel Castro.
Fidel Castro and Che Gravari were successful at defeating the US and pushing them back to the states, thus boosting their popularity for themselves and the communist parties.
Thousands were executed by the Cuban Government.
This increased tensions between the USA and the Soviet Union.</li></ul>Thirteen Days by Robert F. Kennedy<br />
Chilean Coup d'état <br />1973<br />http://humanrightsfilmfestival.ca/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/battle_chile_01.jpg<br /><ul><li> At the time, Salvador Allende was the president of the socialist party.
While in power Allende allied himself with the communists and strengthened the relationship between the Soviet Union.
The USA didn’t want Chilli to be communist so they spent millions for the CIA to infiltrate the country and stir up a revolution.
When Allende died in 1973, leader of the military coup Augusto Pinochet took presidency over the country.
This was a win for the USA and a loss for the Soviets. However this was not a major contributor to the tensions between the superpowers.</li></ul>http://www.onwar.com/aced/nation/all/angola/fangola1975.htm<br />
Angolan Civil War<br />1975-2002<br />http://www.blackpast.org/files/blackpast_images/Angolan_Civil_War.jpg<br /><ul><li>The MPLA (People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola) was supported by the Communists while the UNITA (National Union for the Total Independence of Angola) was supported by the Western Allies.
Large amounts of weapons were supplied by the communists to aid the MPLA.
The UNITA funded Angola until the early 1990’s where the Bicesse Accord was formed. The war did re-resume in the mid. 90’s.
Overall the US won in a sense that they spread their ideas.
This did not affect tensions.</li></ul>http://www.coldwar.org/articles/70s/CoupinChile1973.asp<br />
Afghanistan <br />1979-1989<br />http://www.us-foreign-policy-perspective.org/index.php?id=322<br /><ul><li> The Soviet Union was in support of the Marxist – Leninist Government. The US supported the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan to aid against the Mujahedeen Resistance.
Over 700 Soviet covert troops were disguised as Afghan military. From there they occupied many important government and media locations across the country. This was done in the hopes that it would form rebellions and revolutions. This however failed and the Soviets withdrew.
The Soviets lost and the US were victorious in Afghanistan. This increased the tension severely for the control of the oil pools in Afghanistan.</li></ul>http://www.alternativeinsight.com/Afghan_War.html<br />