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Sexual Attitudes Predicting Sexual
Behavior: Does Identity Confusion
Play a Role?
Authors: Dr. Manfred van Dulmen,
Shannon...
Attitudes predict behavior – nothing new.
What do we know about attitudes
and behavior?”
• Triandis’ Theory of Interpersonal
Behavior : A variety of factors influen...
CSREs, Emerging Adulthood, Identity Confusion
• Casual sexual relationships and
experiences (CSREs): sexual behavior
occur...
CSREs, Emerging Adulthood, Identity Confusion
• A time period between 18-29 years of age
• This period is characterized by...
CSREs, Emerging Adulthood, Identity Confusion
Identity confusion status – whether or not one has
confusion with identity –...
Current Study
Purpose Intended Benefits
• To explore the relationship
between sexual attitudes and
engaging in a CSRE
• To...
Participants, Procedure, Measures
Participants
• Sample size: n = 383.
• Age range: 17.97 to 29.98 years
• Mean age: 23.02
• The majority of the sample was ...
Procedure
Baseline:
Sexual attitudes
Identity confusion
Demographics
1 week
Daily Diary - Friday
Sexual behavior
Daily Dia...
Measures: Permissive Sexual Attitudes
• 10 item permissiveness subscale of the Brief
Sexual Attitudes Questionnaire (Hendr...
Measures: Permissive Sexual Attitudes
Example items (rated on a 5-point Likert scale):
• “Casual sex is acceptable”
• “It ...
Measures: Identity Confusion
• 12 item identity confusion subscale of the
Erikson’s Psycho-Social Index (Rosenthal,
Gurney...
Measures: Identity Confusion
Example items (rated on a 5-point Likert scale):
• “I change my opinion of myself a lot.”
• “...
Measures: Sexual Behavior
• One dichotomous item: “Did you engage in
any sexual behaviors?”
This item was asked daily as ...
Results
• Results from the logistic regression indicated that
permissive sexual attitudes increased the probability of
eng...
Findings in Terms of Our Hypotheses
• There will be a positive relationship between the
permissiveness of sexual attitudes...
Interpretation and Future Directions
Discussion:
Interpretation and Future Directions
• We found a relationship between sexual attitudes and
sexual behavior, w...
Discussion:
Interpretation and Future Directions
• External factors may carry more weight than internal
ones, such as iden...
Discussion:
Interpretation and Future Directions
Future research should continue to examine additional
factors that may im...
Questions? Reflections?
(We love questions)
Thank you for your kind attention

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JohnCarollPresentationUpdated (final)

  1. 1. Sexual Attitudes Predicting Sexual Behavior: Does Identity Confusion Play a Role? Authors: Dr. Manfred van Dulmen, Shannon Claxton, Elizabeth Baker, Haylee DeLuca, Tom Harrington, and Amanda Lamadanie Department of Psychological Sciences Kent State University
  2. 2. Attitudes predict behavior – nothing new.
  3. 3. What do we know about attitudes and behavior?” • Triandis’ Theory of Interpersonal Behavior : A variety of factors influence one’s attitudes, which in turn predict behavior (e.g., Triandis, 1977, 1989). • Empirical findings show an association between sexual attitudes and casual sex (Levinson, Jaccard, & Beamer 1995; Maticka Tyndale,‐ Herold, & Mewhinney, 1998).
  4. 4. CSREs, Emerging Adulthood, Identity Confusion • Casual sexual relationships and experiences (CSREs): sexual behavior occurring outside of the context of a committed relationship (Claxton & van Dulmen, 2013). • Approximately 60-80% of North American college students have engaged in a CSRE (Garcia, Reiber, Massey, & Merriwehter, 2012).
  5. 5. CSREs, Emerging Adulthood, Identity Confusion • A time period between 18-29 years of age • This period is characterized by identity development and exploration (Arnett, 2000). • Exploration in relationships
  6. 6. CSREs, Emerging Adulthood, Identity Confusion Identity confusion status – whether or not one has confusion with identity – might impact the relationship between attitudes and behavior.
  7. 7. Current Study Purpose Intended Benefits • To explore the relationship between sexual attitudes and engaging in a CSRE • To see if identity confusion moderates the relationship between sexual attitudes and engaging in CSREs. • Insight into who is more likely to engage in CSREs and under what conditions this behavior occurs • Informing both practitioners and individuals • Adding to the current scientific understanding of these phenomena
  8. 8. Participants, Procedure, Measures
  9. 9. Participants • Sample size: n = 383. • Age range: 17.97 to 29.98 years • Mean age: 23.02 • The majority of the sample was Caucasian (80.94 %), female (66.45%), and heterosexual (88.25 %).
  10. 10. Procedure Baseline: Sexual attitudes Identity confusion Demographics 1 week Daily Diary - Friday Sexual behavior Daily Diary - Saturday Sexual behavior Daily Diary - Thursday Sexual behavior Daily Diary - Sunday Sexual behavior • Two waves of data from a larger study designed to examine CSREs around an alcohol-based event (Halloween).
  11. 11. Measures: Permissive Sexual Attitudes • 10 item permissiveness subscale of the Brief Sexual Attitudes Questionnaire (Hendrick, Hendrick, & Reich, 2006). • Good internal consistency (α = .94).
  12. 12. Measures: Permissive Sexual Attitudes Example items (rated on a 5-point Likert scale): • “Casual sex is acceptable” • “It is possible to enjoy sex with a person and not like that person very much.” • “It is okay for sex to be just good physical release.”
  13. 13. Measures: Identity Confusion • 12 item identity confusion subscale of the Erikson’s Psycho-Social Index (Rosenthal, Gurney, & Moore, 1981). • Good internal consistency (α = .88).
  14. 14. Measures: Identity Confusion Example items (rated on a 5-point Likert scale): • “I change my opinion of myself a lot.” • “I know what kind of person I am.” • “The important things in life are clear to me.”
  15. 15. Measures: Sexual Behavior • One dichotomous item: “Did you engage in any sexual behaviors?” This item was asked daily as a part of the daily diary portion of the study. • Examples of sexual behavior: Oral sex, anal sex, threesome, kissing, vaginal intercourse
  16. 16. Results • Results from the logistic regression indicated that permissive sexual attitudes increased the probability of engaging in a CSRE (B = 0.43, SE = 0.11, eB = 1.54, p = 0.0001). • The odds of engaging in a CSRE increased by a factor of 1.54 (54%) for every 1 point increase (5-point scale) in permissive sexual attitudes.
  17. 17. Findings in Terms of Our Hypotheses • There will be a positive relationship between the permissiveness of sexual attitudes and engaging in a CSRE.  We were able to support this claim. • Identity confusion will moderate the relationship between sexual attitudes and engagement in a CSRE.  We were unable to support this claim .
  18. 18. Interpretation and Future Directions
  19. 19. Discussion: Interpretation and Future Directions • We found a relationship between sexual attitudes and sexual behavior, which confirms past research findings. • Identity confusion did not predict, or moderate, this relationship.
  20. 20. Discussion: Interpretation and Future Directions • External factors may carry more weight than internal ones, such as identity confusion. • Research has shown that the perception of peer behavior is more likely to affect one’s decision to engage in a CSRE than one’s personal norms (Maticka Tyndale, Herold, &‐ Mewhinney1998).
  21. 21. Discussion: Interpretation and Future Directions Future research should continue to examine additional factors that may impact the relationship between sexual attitudes and engaging in CSREs.
  22. 22. Questions? Reflections? (We love questions)
  23. 23. Thank you for your kind attention 

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