Basics of Computer Hardware

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Basics of Computer Hardware

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Basics of Computer Hardware

  1. 1. R.V.S College of Engineering & Technology Coimbatore Approved by AICTE, New Delhi / Affiliated to Anna University, Chennai An ISO 9001:2008 certified Institution
  2. 2. About the Trust www.rvsgroup.com  Established in 1983  More than 114 organizations are functioning Under RVS Educational Trust  More than 40,000 Students are studying under its fold.  Over 5000 Employees are working.  Development / Research / Extension Centers around 4000 Acres of land  Hospital with 150 Beds to serve public.  Textile Mills, Hospitals, Agricultural Farms, etc.
  3. 3. RVS Educational Trust - Institutions Engineering Management Studies Computer Applications Arts & Science Teacher Training College of Education Polytechnic International School Matriculation Architecture RVS Medical Trust - Institutions Dental Siddha Homeopathy Naturopathy Pharmacy Ayurveda Multi Specialty Hospital Physiotherapy Nursing
  4. 4. Thenkasi Chennai Dindigul RVS TRUST Coimbatore Karaikal Thattankulam Tanjore Trichy RVS Institutions – Locations
  5. 5. About Our College  Established in 2007  More than 200 acres area  6 UG Courses & 6 PG Courses  More than 2100 students  More than 240 Employees are working.  More than 1000 computers.  More than 24,000 books in Library  More than 350 rooms in hostel for Boys & Girls  More than 9 acres play ground with gym  More than 35 transport vehicles in this campus  Internet with Wi-fi facility  ATM facility. www.rvscet.ac.in
  6. 6. Courses in our College • Computer Science & Engineering • Electronics & Communication Engineering • Electrical & Electronics Engineering • Mechanical Engineering • Petrochemical Engineering UG – Under Graduate • Computer Science & Engineering • Communication Systems • Electrical Drives & Embedded Control • Embedded System Technology • Thermal Engineering PG – Post Graduate BE • Information Technology ME • Master of Business Administration B.Tech MBA
  7. 7. IIT Bombay ( ) Basic IT Skills The Spoken Tutorial Project
  8. 8. Part I : Hardware Part II : Software Part III : Internet I N D E X
  9. 9. Basics of COMPUTER HARDWARE PART - I
  10. 10. CPU (Central Processing Unit) Input Devices Output Devices Storage 1 3 4 2 COMPUTER / LAPTOP ( Charles Babbage) Common Operating Machine Particularly Used for Trade, Education, and Research Lightweight Analytical Platform Total Optimized Power
  11. 11. Input Devices Keyboard & Mouse 1 Joy Stick
  12. 12. Input Devices Barcode Reader Track Ball Scanner 1
  13. 13. CPU – Central Processing Unit SMPS Motherboard Processor - Hard Disk RAM CD Drive Floppy Drive etc… 2
  14. 14. Inside a Cabinet …
  15. 15. Motherboard
  16. 16. Processor, SMPS, RAM
  17. 17. CPU Connections
  18. 18. Storage Devices3 Floppy Disk CD / DVD disks Hard Disk CD R CD RW DVD R DVD RW 2 | 4 | 20 | 40 | 80 | 160 | 320 500 GB (Giga Byte) etc… • Byte (B) 1024 Bytes • Kilobyte (KB) • Megabyte (MB) • Gigabyte (GB) • Terabyte (TB) • Petabyte (PB) • Exabyte (EB) • Zettabyte (ZB) • Yottabyte (YB)
  19. 19. Storage Devices Blue Ray disks USB Pen Drives External HDD 3 500 GB 1 TB, 1.5 TB, Latest 4 TB 1GB, 2GB, 4GB, 8GB, 16GB 32GB Latest 512 GB
  20. 20. Year Maker Capacity 1956 IBM 5MB 1961 Bryant 90MB 1965 IBM 100MB 1974 IBM 200MB 1975 STC 880MB 1981 IBM 1.26GB 2001 Seagate 182GB 2005 Hitachi GST 500GB 2006 Seagate 750GB 2007 Hitachi GST 1TB 2008 Seagate 1.5TB 2009 WD 2TB 2010 Seagate 3TB 2012 Hitachi GST 4TB Storage Devices - History3 E.Coli (Escherichia coli) Researchers in Hong Kong have discovered that a single gram of bacteria is capable of holding more information than a 900TB hard drive Storing information in bacteria and other living organisms, a process called biostorage. Future
  21. 21. Output Devices4 Monitors 3D MonitorCRT Monitor LCD Monitor CCFL’s LED Monitor Speakers Headphones Projectors
  22. 22. Output Devices4 Dot-Matrix Ribbon Laser Powder Inkjet Ink spray 3D Printer Printers Plotter Powder
  23. 23. PART : II Basics Of SOFTWARE
  24. 24. System Software - OS Windows : (95, 98, ME, NT, 2000, XP, Vista, 7, 8, 8.1 ) Open Source : ( Red hat Linux, Fedora, Ubuntu, SUSE, etc.)
  25. 25. Application Software Anti virus, Word, Excel, Paint, Media players, Games etc..
  26. 26. Mobile – System Software (OS)  Operating Systems used in mobile phones 7,18,11,035
  27. 27. Mobile - Application Software More than 3,00,000 apps available in android
  28. 28. Tablet PC & Features Both Input & Output Devices • Android / Windows / Apple OS • Wi-fi • 3G / 4G • Simcard – Calling facility • Memory Card • Audio / Video
  29. 29. PART : III Basics of ( )
  30. 30. Internet - History In 1969, the US Department of Defense started a project to allow researchers and military personnel to communicate with each other in an emergency. The project was called ARPANET and it is the foundation of the Internet The advent of the World Wide Web (www) in the early 1990's changed all that.
  31. 31. Connect Your PC to Internet • Telephone Line • Data Card • 2G / 3G / Modem • Mobile phone • 4G Modem
  32. 32. Generation of Mobile Networks
  33. 33. Active Users: 6,30,00,000 • Founded in February 4, 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg • Worldwide - 2005 Mark Zuckerberg

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