CPR - Artificial Resuscitation


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CPR - Artificial Resuscitation

  1. 1. ArtificialResuscitation/ Respiration
  2. 2. What is Artificial Respiration?• Artificial respiration is the act of assisting or stimulating respiration, a metabolic process referring to the overall exchange of gases in the body by pulmonary ventilation, external respiration, and internal respiration.12/15/2011 2
  3. 3. Methods • Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation - a.k.a. the “kiss of life” • External chest compression or cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)12/15/2011 3
  4. 4. Mouth-to-mouth Resuscitation • This is an effective method of introducing air into the victim’s lungs if the victim has stopped breathing but still has pulse.12/15/2011 4
  5. 5. Methods of administeringmouth-to-mouth resuscitation• Place the victim on his back. Loosen his shirt around the neck.12/15/2011 5
  6. 6. • Open his mouth and sweep or hook finger deep inside to remove any debris (blood, knocked teeth, dentures, etc.).12/15/2011 6
  7. 7. • Hold the back of the neck with one hand. Place the heel of your other hand on is forehead and tilt his head as far as you can.12/15/2011 7
  8. 8. • Using the hand on his forehead, pinch the nostrils. Take a deep breath and open your mouth. Seal it over his mouth and blow. His chest will rise as the air is forced into his lungs.12/15/2011 8
  9. 9. • If the victim is a child, cover his nose and mouth with your mouth, but do not blow as hard as you would for an adult. This is also known as mouth-to-nose resuscitation.12/15/2011 9
  10. 10. • Wait for the victim’s chest to fall, then repeat the process. Do it two (2) times in quick succession.12/15/2011 10
  11. 11. • Continue mouth-to-mouth resuscitation steadily at the rate of 12-20 breaths per minute, until the victim (adult) starts breathing or until medical help comes.12/15/2011 11
  12. 12. • Once the victim is breathing normally, put him in a recovery position.12/15/2011 12
  13. 13. The Recovery Position• The recovery position is the correct position in which to place a victim who is breathing while waiting for help to arrive.• NOTE: DO NOT put a person in the recovery position if you suspect that he has a spinal injury or severe fracture!12/15/2011 13
  14. 14. • If there has been or you suspect a spinal injury and breathing failure occurs and/or if there is no pulse, you still need to resuscitate the casualty and keep the airway open.12/15/2011 14
  15. 15. 12/15/2011 15