Beyond the PDF: New modes of        dissemination          Experiments from PLOSTheo Bloom, Editorial Director for Biology...
Take-home / talking points / provocation• Trying to fix a big interconnected system - it‟s  not easy or fast• One change a...
The idealised cycle of    research communication                   Do some                    scienceDiscuss ideas        ...
The real-life cycle is more complicated                          Do some                           science      Discuss id...
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/321/5885/36.1.full.pdf
The real-life cycle has some big problems                                                                              Pro...
The real-life cycle has some big problems                                                                                P...
We haven‟t „solved‟ problems 1-3• Beyond CC-BY: explore better ways to do  openness (metadata, data, reusability); and  ac...
Problem 4: poor               links from               underlying data and               methods to write-upDo some scienc...
Do some   science Write adescription              Store some of the              data somewhere…
Do some science              Integrated collection              of methods, results,              data, metadata          ...
Steps towards better data handlingWhat to do with „homeless‟ data?Partnership with Dryad (www.datadryad.org)•   Unstructur...
Can we revolutionize speed?                                        Problem 5:PLOS Currents: Influenza - InspirationSeeking...
Rapid technical and scope reviewAuthors may revise but can be published almostimmediately post-reviewContent is peer-revie...
What comes out: flexible (familiar) format
PLOS Currents as an experiment• Swine flu epidemic faded away - then a new one  started• We said “submissions do not have ...
Back to issue 1: Access vs. accessibility• Readable by machines as well as people• Intelligible                           ...
Where do people go for information? •   open review via wiki •   PLoS Comput Biol article “version of record” •   A high-q...
Take-home / talking points• Trying to fix a big interconnected system -  it‟s not easy or fast• One change at a time bring...
Open Access       tbloom@plos.org                   20
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Beyond the PDF2 - Amsterdam, March 2013

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My slides from the session "New Models of Content Dissemination" - see http://lanyrd.com/2013/btpdf2/schedule/

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Beyond the PDF2 - Amsterdam, March 2013

  1. 1. Beyond the PDF: New modes of dissemination Experiments from PLOSTheo Bloom, Editorial Director for Biology, PLOS Amsterdam, March 2013
  2. 2. Take-home / talking points / provocation• Trying to fix a big interconnected system - it‟s not easy or fast• One change at a time brings people along• Steps are good if they‟re in the right direction• Partner with others wherever it makes sense• Experiments are good: adapt to the results 2
  3. 3. The idealised cycle of research communication Do some scienceDiscuss ideas Write a description Read/use other Share it with people’s work the world 3
  4. 4. The real-life cycle is more complicated Do some science Discuss ideas Write a descriptionRead / use other people’s work Rejection. Try Submit it to another journal a journalGet promoted Do more work as requested Get grants Resubmit Be judged by publications Publication
  5. 5. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/321/5885/36.1.full.pdf
  6. 6. The real-life cycle has some big problems Problem 4: poorProblem 1: links fromAccess to what underlying data and Do someyou want to read science methods to write-upand (re) use Discuss ideas Write a description Read / use other people’s work Rejection. Try Submit it to another journal a journal Get promoted Problem 5: Do more work as requested Problem 3:Problem 2: Get grants Resubmit because ofpublication venue Be judged by problem 2, repeatas a measure of publications cycles at differentpublication quality Publication journals;and/or impact publication is delayed
  7. 7. The real-life cycle has some big problems Problem 4: poorProblem 1: links fromAccess to what underlying data and Do someyou want to read science methods to write-upand (re) use Discuss ideas Write a description Read / use other people’s work Rejection. Try Submit it to another journal a journal Get promoted Problem 5: Do more work as requested Problem 3:Problem 2: Get grants Resubmit because ofpublication venue Be judged by problem 2, repeatas a measure of publications cycles at differentpublication quality Publication journals;and/or impact publication is delayed All subject areas; not assessing „impact‟
  8. 8. We haven‟t „solved‟ problems 1-3• Beyond CC-BY: explore better ways to do openness (metadata, data, reusability); and accessibility• Beyond ALMs: make altmetrics optimally useful and encourage wider adoption• Beyond PLOS ONE: more formal experiments with peer review this year – increase openness; structure reviewer information; portable reviews? … We have made some progress in these areas 8
  9. 9. Problem 4: poor links from underlying data and methods to write-upDo some science Write a description
  10. 10. Do some science Write adescription Store some of the data somewhere…
  11. 11. Do some science Integrated collection of methods, results, data, metadata Write a narrative Store all of the description that is data somewhere inextricably linked to the data and methods useful and link to publication
  12. 12. Steps towards better data handlingWhat to do with „homeless‟ data?Partnership with Dryad (www.datadryad.org)• Unstructured data „packages‟ associated with published articles• Freely available - CC0• A unique identifier (DOI) for each package• Statistics for access• Seamless tying together of article and dataPartnership with figshare (www.figshare.org)• figshare widget displays Supporting Information files directly in the article• search, magnify, download singly or as a packagePlanning in hand for „data papers‟ (www.ploscompbiol.org)• Describes reusable dataset to support reuse• Publishes associated metadata• Ensures valuable data is actionable for reuse• Data accessible in a recognized, stable repository
  13. 13. Can we revolutionize speed? Problem 5:PLOS Currents: Influenza - InspirationSeeking Lessons in Swine Flu Fight“Another problem is communication.Officials and experts say they have learned a lot about humanswine influenza. But relatively little of that information...hasbeen reported and published. Some experts said researcherswere waiting to publish in journals, which can take months orlonger.”New York Times, August 10th, 2009Lawrence K. Altman, M.D. 13
  14. 14. Rapid technical and scope reviewAuthors may revise but can be published almostimmediately post-reviewContent is peer-reviewed, citable, publiclyarchived, and included in PubMed
  15. 15. What comes out: flexible (familiar) format
  16. 16. PLOS Currents as an experiment• Swine flu epidemic faded away - then a new one started• We said “submissions do not have to be full-length articles” – but what did we get?• What use-cases make most sense for Currents?• Can we try harder with non-traditional article formats? – Single findings – Negative results – Replications – Methods and protocols• Publish all results with as little delay as possible 16
  17. 17. Back to issue 1: Access vs. accessibility• Readable by machines as well as people• Intelligible 17
  18. 18. Where do people go for information? • open review via wiki • PLoS Comput Biol article “version of record” • A high-quality Wikipedia article that can be edited and updated 18
  19. 19. Take-home / talking points• Trying to fix a big interconnected system - it‟s not easy or fast• One change at a time brings people along• Steps are good if they‟re in the right direction• Partner with others wherever it makes sense• Experiments are good: adapt to the results• We need to work with real people – authors, readers – as well as with machines 19
  20. 20. Open Access tbloom@plos.org 20

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