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09

  1. 1. NXP Semiconductors S tand van zaken passieve RFID technologie Henk Dannenberg RFID Standards Architect February 18, 2010
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Introduction NXP Semiconductors </li></ul><ul><li>Overview HF & UHF Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Markets and Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Success Stories </li></ul><ul><li>Future developments </li></ul><ul><li>Question & Answer </li></ul><ul><li>NXP Product Portfolio </li></ul>
  3. 3. March 12, 2010 RFID Introduction / Henk Dannenberg Bruno Benevento, Field Application Engineer, NXP Semiconductors Introduction NXP Semiconductors
  4. 4. NXP Semiconductors <ul><li>Headquarters : Eindhoven, The Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Net sales : $5.4 billion in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Established in 2006, 50+ years of experience in semiconductors </li></ul><ul><li>NXP’s innovative High Performance Mixed Signal technologies combined with application insight and standard products provide engineers with the versatility to excel in changing markets </li></ul><ul><li>Businesses units: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Automotive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Performance Mixed Signal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard Products </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Identification - lead in focus areas <ul><li>#1 in Public transportation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MIFARE TM ICs used in >70% transport infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>#1 in contactless EMV banking solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplied > 500 million banking cards in 35 countries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>#1 in eGovernment solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplying 85% of ePassports projects worldwide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shipped over 150 million secure ICs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>#1 in Secure mobile transactions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Co-inventor of Near Field Communication (NFC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NXP NFC ICs used in commercially available phones and are used in over 150 trials worldwide </li></ul></ul><ul><li>#1 in RFID tagging solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplying >50% of HF tagging market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breakthrough in UHF Cost effectiveness </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. March 12, 2010 RFID Introduction / Henk Dannenberg Bruno Benevento, Field Application Engineer, NXP Semiconductors Overview HF & UHF Technology
  7. 7. What is Radio Frequency IDentification? UHF RFID Antenna UHF RFID Antenna UHF RFID labels are placed on the outside of the boxes RFID extends the functionality of barcodes, enabling simultaneous reading of many labels (without line of sight) and offering write operations to the RFID chip non-volatile memory The tiny RFID chip on the label becomes powered up by the reader antenna electric field. Roll with RFID labels
  8. 8. Electromagnetic RF spectrum Electric Waves Radio Waves Infra - red Visible Light Ultra - Violet X - Rays Gamma Rays Cosmic Rays 9kHz 30kHz 300kHz 3000kHz 30MHz 300MHz 3000MHz 30GHz 300GHz 3000GHz VLF LF MF HF VHF UHF SHF EHF Not designated Radio Spectrum Electric Waves Radio Waves Infra - red Visible Light Ultra - Violet X - Rays Gamma Rays Cosmic Rays 9kHz 30kHz 300kHz 3000kHz 30MHz 300MHz 3000MHz 30GHz 300GHz 3000GHz VLF LF MF HF VHF UHF SHF EHF Not designated Radio Spectrum VLF Very Low Frequency VHF Very High Frequency LF Low Frequency UHF Ultra High Frequency MF Medium Frequency SHF Super High Frequency HF High Frequency EHF Extremely High Frequency
  9. 9. Frequencies used for RFID systems
  10. 10. March 12, 2010 RFID Introduction / Henk Dannenberg Bruno Benevento, Field Application Engineer, NXP Semiconductors Markets & Applications
  11. 11. Important Market Segments Predom. HF HF / UHF Predom. UHF Predom. UHF Predom. HF Predom. HF Rental <ul><li>library, DVD rental, containers, pallets </li></ul><ul><li>established market, continuous growth </li></ul><ul><li>excellent RF performance, standardisation (incl. data standards) </li></ul><ul><li>e-Pedigree, anti-counterfeit protection, patient safety </li></ul><ul><li>emerging market, enormous growth opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>standardisation and legal regulations, compliance </li></ul>Pharma <ul><li>item level SCM, customer convenience, anti-counterfeit </li></ul><ul><li>first roll-outs, continuous growth </li></ul><ul><li>standardisation and supply chain cooperation </li></ul>Fashion <ul><li>item level SCM, smart shelf </li></ul><ul><li>early trial phase, continuous growth </li></ul><ul><li>standardisation, mandates, supply chain cooperating </li></ul>Retail <ul><li>asset management, factory automation, etc.. </li></ul><ul><li>fragmented market, projects, continuous growth </li></ul><ul><li>custom specific solutions </li></ul>Industrial & Others <ul><li>device enabling and configuration, printer cartridge </li></ul><ul><li>fragmented market, projects, continuous growth </li></ul><ul><li>specific feature sets </li></ul>CE & Media
  12. 12. March 12, 2010 RFID Introduction / Henk Dannenberg Bruno Benevento, Field Application Engineer, NXP Semiconductors Success Stories
  13. 13. HF success story: Pfizer <ul><li>ICODE RFID tags on all Viagra ® marketed in the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Why do they use RFID? </li></ul><ul><li>Counterfeiting problem </li></ul><ul><li>Life risks involved </li></ul><ul><li>Saving money (efficiency SCM) </li></ul><ul><li>Improving patient care </li></ul><ul><li>www.worldpharmaceuticals.net/marketresources/012_sept07/WPF012_rfid.htm </li></ul>
  14. 14. HF success stories <ul><li>NXP HF platform is the industry standard for HF smart label solutions. </li></ul><ul><li>With over 500 million smart label ICs sold, ICODE is a proven and reliable technology which represents the largest installed base world-wide </li></ul><ul><li>Largest application is Libraries </li></ul>
  15. 15. UHF success story: Container Centraalen <ul><li>Application: Product authentication </li></ul><ul><li>End Customer: Container Centraalen </li></ul><ul><li>Tag supplier: Confidex </li></ul><ul><li>Chip used: UCODE G2XM </li></ul><ul><li>Use case: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encrypted unique information is stored in the UCODE G2XM, which provides for a reliable check (with a handheld reader or through an RFID gate) if one receives genuine high-quality CC Containers. Only genuine CC Containers will be accepted at the CC depots and many other places. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>End customer benefit: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to verify authenticity of the CC Containers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple and prompt counting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overall quality of CC Container pool will improve </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to check whether orders are complete </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possibility for optimised order management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Link: www.cc-rfid.com/home.aspx </li></ul>
  16. 16. Other UHF success stories <ul><li>Application: Retail Cold Chain Management </li></ul><ul><li>Application: Product authentication </li></ul><ul><li>Application: Electronic Vehicle Identification </li></ul><ul><li>Application: Fashion </li></ul><ul><li>Application: Production Control </li></ul><ul><li>Links: www.upmrfid.com (succes stories) </li></ul>
  17. 17. March 12, 2010 RFID Introduction / Henk Dannenberg Bruno Benevento, Field Application Engineer, NXP Semiconductors Future Developments
  18. 18. Electronic Article Surveillance <ul><li>EAS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use RFID for tracking with EAS gates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides not only knowledge that something passed the gate but also which item has passed the gate -> Data needed for accurate replenishment in the store </li></ul></ul>EAS UHF Antennas
  19. 19. Embedded tags <ul><li>Use cases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Product Identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product authentication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Product configuration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warranty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>End-of-Life management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect brand integrity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve product safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assure product quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reclaim lost revenue (permit only sanctioned consumables in devices) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Sensor Interface <ul><li>RFID tag with Sensor interface </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full function sensor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple sensor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optionally: Battery Assisted </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RFID tag with Sensor interface </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humidity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shock </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vibration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Optical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infra-red </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liquid levels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extension of 18000-6C standard! </li></ul>Source: GRIFS project EU
  21. 21. Cryptographic processor <ul><li>RFID tag with crypto processor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Controller </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crypto (co)processor AES, ECC etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Memory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Design challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>power consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>data rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chip area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>security level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Product Authentication Public key/Private key </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-Counterfeiting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Privacy protection Untraceability Protecting air-interface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secure Supply Chain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Standardized in ISO/IEC 29167 </li></ul>Source: TU Graz Algorithm Sec-urity Chip area Process @V DD I mean @100kHz Clock cycles [bits] [GEs] [um @ V DD ] [uA] per block AES-128 [1] 128 3595 [email_address] 3.0 1016 XTEA [1] 128 2636 [email_address] 3.86 705 Present-80 [2] 80 1075 [email_address] 1.4 547 KATAN-64 [3] 80 1054 [email_address] 0.46 ~254 Grain [1] 80 3381 [email_address] 0.8 104 Trivium [1] 80 1294 [email_address] 2.75 128 Analog front-end Controller AES module EEPROM
  22. 22. Crypto processor tag interrogator Mutual Authentication Send key number AUTHENTICATE AES CRYPTO UNIT AES CRYPTO UNIT READ KEY 3DES enciphered key RndB  GENERATE 8 byte Random RndB, Encipher with key 3DES enciphered key RndA’  Encipher chain VERIFY RndB’, Generate RndA’ Encipher with key Decipher RndB With same key Generate RndB’ GENERATE 8 byte RndA Concat RndA RndB’ 3DES Decipher chain 3DES deciphered chain of RndA+RndB’  Decipher RndA’ VERIFY RndA’ Assemble Session Key Session Key is 1HRndA+1HRndB+ 2HRndA+2HRndB
  23. 23. Data protection on RF-channel Area of listening-in attack RF channel Data Encryption tag (Authenticated) Interrogator COMMAND ANSWER ANSWER Ciphered ANSWER COMMAND Encrypted RF-Communication Ciphered COMMAND + + AES CRYPTO UNIT Command & Data Processing Crypto Operands: Session key generated by authentication process; based on random numbers Command & Data Processing + + AES CRYPTO UNIT Crypto Operands: Session key generated by authentication process; based on random numbers
  24. 24. March 12, 2010 RFID Introduction / Henk Dannenberg Bruno Benevento, Field Application Engineer, NXP Semiconductors Question & Answer
  25. 25. March 12, 2010 RFID Introduction / Henk Dannenberg Bruno Benevento, Field Application Engineer, NXP Semiconductors NXP RFID Product Portfolio
  26. 26. NXP RFID Product Portfolio ISO 18000-3 HF EPC Class 1 13.56 MHz I•CODE SLI I•CODE SLI-S I•CODE EPC G2 I•CODE UID/OTP I•CODE SY Ultralight , Ultralight C Classic 1K / 4K Plus , DESFire, DESFire EV1 I•CODE MIFARE Interrogator Smart Labels, Cards Interface 860 MHz – 2.4 GHz UCODE EPC G2 UCODE G2 XL/XM UCODE G2iL UCODE 125 kHz HITAG 1 HITAG 2 HITAG S HITAG µ Interrogator ICs HITAG I•CODE MIFARE UCODE HITAG Interrogator ICs Interrogator ICs * ISO 18000-6 UHF EPC Class 1 Gen2 ISO 11784/85 ISO 14223 ISO 14443 Vicinity Vicinity Proximity Long Range LF HF UHF
  27. 27. HF Product Portfolio Overview Memory 1024 Bit 2048 Bit RF Interface ISO 15693 ISO 18000 ISO 15693, 18000 HF EPC Security <ul><li>UID (8byte) </li></ul><ul><li>Block write protection </li></ul><ul><li>UID (8byte) </li></ul><ul><li>Block write protection </li></ul><ul><li>32 bit R/W PWD protection </li></ul>Special Features EAS, AFI <ul><li>EAS, AFI, EPC, </li></ul><ul><li>Destroy </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>40 yr data ret.**** </li></ul>Packaging <ul><li>Sawn Wafer </li></ul><ul><li>FCP, FCS </li></ul><ul><li>MOA2 Module </li></ul><ul><li>Sawn Wafer </li></ul><ul><li>FCP, FCS </li></ul><ul><li>MOA2 Module </li></ul>Anti- collision 60 tag/s ISO: 60 tag/s EPC: 200 tag/s 192 Bit HF EPC C1 <ul><li>UID (5byte) </li></ul><ul><li>OTP </li></ul>Destroy Sawn Wafer 200 tag/s 256* Bit ISO 15693 ISO 18000 <ul><li>UID (8byte) </li></ul><ul><li>Block write protection </li></ul><ul><li>EAS PWD protection </li></ul><ul><li>EAS, AFI, </li></ul><ul><li>Destroy </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>LR - CMD </li></ul><ul><li>Sawn Wafer </li></ul><ul><li>FCP, FCS </li></ul><ul><li>MOA2 Module </li></ul>60 tag/s * User memory; ** Password protected 0 / 512 Bit * HF EPC G2 <ul><li>Unique TID (8byte) </li></ul><ul><li>Kill, Access PWD </li></ul>240 Bit EPC Block Permalock UMI, EAS, Read Protect <ul><li>Sawn Wafer </li></ul><ul><li>FCS </li></ul>Up to 700 tag/s ICODE SLI ICODE SLI-S ICODE SLI-S HC ICODE SLI-SY*** ICODE UID-OTP ICODE SLI-L ICODE SLI-L HC ICODE EPC G2 (No / Std / HC)
  28. 28. UHF Product Portfolio Overview - 128 bit <ul><li>32 bit access </li></ul><ul><li>32 bit kill </li></ul>64 bit Incl. 32 bit serial # EPCglobal 1.2.0 <ul><li>EAS Alarm </li></ul><ul><li>Read Protect </li></ul><ul><li>Block write </li></ul><ul><li>Sawn Wafer </li></ul><ul><li>FCS2 Strap </li></ul><ul><li>SOT1122 </li></ul>16 blocks á 2 Byte UCODE G2iL <ul><li>Sawn Wafer </li></ul><ul><li>TSSOP8 </li></ul>- 512 bit 240 bit 240 bit <ul><li>32 bit access </li></ul><ul><li>32 bit kill </li></ul>64 bit Incl. 32 bit serial # 64 bit Incl. 32 bit serial # EPCglobal 1.0.9 EPCglobal 1.1.0 EPCglobal 1.0.9 EPCglobal 1.1.0 EPCglobal 1.0.9 <ul><li>32 bit access </li></ul><ul><li>32 bit kill </li></ul><ul><li>EAS Alarm </li></ul><ul><li>Read Protect </li></ul><ul><li>Calibrate </li></ul><ul><li>Sawn Wafer </li></ul><ul><li>FCS Strap </li></ul><ul><li>TSSOP8 </li></ul><ul><li>Sawn Wafer </li></ul><ul><li>FCS Strap </li></ul><ul><li>TSSOP8 </li></ul><ul><li>EAS Alarm </li></ul><ul><li>Read Protect </li></ul><ul><li>Calibrate </li></ul>23 blocks á 2 Byte 216 byte - - 64 bit UID <ul><li>18000-4 </li></ul><ul><li>18000-6B </li></ul><ul><li>ANSI NCITS (3,4) </li></ul><ul><li>Block write / lock </li></ul>64 blocks á 4 Byte 55 blocks á 2 Byte 224 bit 96 bit 64 bit Incl. 32 bit serial # <ul><li>32 bit access </li></ul><ul><li>32 bit kill </li></ul><ul><li>Sawn Wafer </li></ul><ul><li>FCP Strap </li></ul><ul><li>TSSOP8 </li></ul><ul><li>EAS Alarm </li></ul><ul><li>Block lock </li></ul>32 blocks á 2 Byte UCODE G2XM UCODE G2XL UCODE EPC Gen2 UCODE HSL User Memory EPC Password TID Standard Custom Commands Delivery Option Block size
  29. 29. Mario Steiner, Product Mgr. UCODE

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