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Music History

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Music History based on the Music Education, http://musiced.about.com
This slide is not made to present only music history on purpose. Just made for other purposes. So, some of the info are left out. Pls, find detail more by clicking the link from reference slide to get more resources.

Music History

  1. 1. What is Music ? an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner. the sounds produced by singers or musical instruments.
  2. 2. One True Definition of Music !“music is universal and yet it is also relative and subjective.”
  3. 3.  Music is the singing of the birds ….
  4. 4.  the whistling of a boy as he’s walking ….
  5. 5.  the beautiful sounds a pianist produces as he touches the keys of a piano.
  6. 6. Origin of Music (History) Six periods of music Each period has a particular style of music that greatly contributed to what music is today
  7. 7. Origin of Music (History) • Medieval, Middle Ages (500-1400)1 • Renaissance (1400-1600)2 • Baroque (1600-1760)3 • Classical (1730-1820)4 • Romantic (1815-1910)5 • 20th Century (1900-2000)6
  8. 8. Structure Music Timeline Introduction Music Forms and Styles Musical Instruments
  9. 9. Medieval Ages Music Timeline (500-1400)Pic Credit - Replica of the helmet found at Sutton Hoo, in the burial of an Anglo-Saxon leader, probably a king, about 620in the Early Middle Ages[1]
  10. 10. Medieval Music Timeline musical notation began as well as the birth of polyphony Early music notation
  11. 11. Monophonic and Polyphonic Remarkable continuity : categorized into monophonic and polyphonic styles monophonic means one note at a time while polyphonic two or more different notes at the same time.
  12. 12. Plainchant (Plain Song) a form of medieval church music that involves chanting Emerged around 100 A.D Only type of music allowed in Christian churches early on it was believed that music should make a listener receptive to spiritual thoughts and reflections
  13. 13. The Introit, scripted in “neumes” in the 14th—15th century
  14. 14. Gregorian Chant
  15. 15. The Beginning of Polyphony a characteristic of Western music based on plainchant improvising with parallel melodies, with emphasis on fourth (ex. C to F) and fifth (ex. C to G) intervals
  16. 16. the start of polyphony wherein several musical lines were combined
  17. 17.  As singers continued experimenting with melodies, polyphony became more elaborate and complex
  18. 18. The Lute is shaped like a pear a short neck, a sound hole carved with a rose pattern strings that varied in numbers early lute is the peg box which was angled back
  19. 19. Renaissance Music Timeline (1400-1600) Renaissance or "rebirth," a period of significant changes in history, including music
  20. 20. Humanism in Music A new philosophy called “humanism” developed in Italy It emphasized that life should be viewed as a preparation for death
  21. 21.  Dutch composers and musicians were arranged to teach and perform in Italian courts the invention of printing helped spread these new ideas
  22. 22. Instrumental Music By the second half of the 1500s instrumental music began to take shape The lute was widely used at that time eventually mixed instruments were used
  23. 23. Mix instruments are played
  24. 24. Renaissance Musical Instruments The Shawm The Dulcian The Trumpet
  25. 25. The shawm has a conical bore, only wider It has 7 to 8 finger holes at the end of the bore is a large bell was mostly used in outdoor ceremonial events
  26. 26. Dulcian The dulcian is a predecessor of the shawm A precursor of the bassoon Dulcians are easier to transport than the shawm due to its smaller size Dulcians produce sound that is less piercing than the shawm
  27. 27. Trumpet The most commonly used is the B flat trumpet There is also the C, D, E flat and piccolo trumpet
  28. 28. Baroque Music Timeline (1600-1760) "baroque" comes from the Italian word "barocco" which means bizarre (very strange)
  29. 29. Baroque a time when composers experimented with form, styles and instruments. the development of opera and instrumental music The violin was also considered an important musical instrument during this time
  30. 30. Venice and the Opera In 1573, a group of musicians and intellectuals came together to discuss various subjects This group of individuals are known as the “Florentine Camerata”,
  31. 31.  The composer Claduio Monteverdi was an important contributor, specifically his opera ”Orfeo”; the first opera to gain public welcome
  32. 32. Violin In Europe, the earliest four stringed violin was used in the first part of the century fairly easy to start learning mostly suitable for children 6 years and older
  33. 33. Viola  The first violas are believed to have been made in the 15th century  During the 18th century, it was used to play the part of the cello.  an important member of a string ensemble. It is tuned a fifth lower than the violin It’s functions as the tenor instrument in a string ensemble. the viola has become an integral part of every string ensemble
  34. 34. Double Bass  In 1516 there was an illustration closely resembling that of a double bass.  It is like a huge cello and is played the same way  By rubbing the bow across the strings  Striking the strings The double bass isnt as popular as other string instruments but is essential in most kinds of ensemble especially jazz bands.
  35. 35. The Harp  It is surprisingly easy to start  Not a lot of people play the harp  Even finding a teacher may be difficult. One of the most beautiful sounding instruments
  36. 36. OboeHow to Play: The musician blows air into a thin, tapereddouble reed and cover or uncover the holes.
  37. 37. Classical Music Timeline (1730-1820) is characterized by simpler melodies such as the sonatas. The primary instrument is Piano
  38. 38. Style Galant a simple yet more direct style of music. Middle class also appreciate less complicated and easy to understand
  39. 39. Sentimental Style This style was adapted by composers reflected feelings and situations experienced in daily life New music styles of Classical period It had simpler harmony and clearer tonality
  40. 40. Piano Bartolomeo Cristofori created around 1709 in Florence. Changes in his early invention became the basic of the modern piano. very popular in the mid-18th century
  41. 41. Romantic Music Timeline (1815-1910) is characterized by using music to tell a story or express an idea the use of various instruments including wind instruments
  42. 42. Beethoven and Romanticism  Wrote choral, chamber music and opera.  studied under Haydn,  was also influenced by the works of Mozart  began to lose his hearing at age 28, losing it completely by age 50. One of his most popular works is the Ninth Symphony He influenced a new crop of young composers guided by the ideals of Romanticism.
  43. 43. What is Romanticism? a concept that included different art mediums; from music to painting to literature. During the 19th century, Vienna and Paris were the centers of musical activity
  44. 44. What is Romanticism? Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog, by Caspar David Friedrich is an example of Romantic painting. believed in allowing their imagination and passion different from the Classical belief of logical order and clarity
  45. 45. The Flute
  46. 46. The Saxophone
  47. 47. The Tuba
  48. 48. 20th Century Music Timeline (1900-2000) brought about many innovations on how music was performed and appreciated used technology to enhance compositions
  49. 49. 20th Century Music is defined by the sudden emergence of advanced technology no longer limited to concerts, opera-houses, clubs, and domestic music-making
  50. 50. Rock and roll often written as rock & roll or rock n roll evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s combination of African American blues, country, jazz and gospel music.
  51. 51.  Either the piano or saxophone was often the lead instrument generally replaced by guitar in the middle to late 1950s now more commonly called simply "rock music" or "rock".
  52. 52. Hip Hop Music also called rap music consisting of a stylized rhythmic music commonly accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted
  53. 53. four key stylistic elements: rapping, scratching, breaking and graffiti writing
  54. 54. Music has changed the world ? When some people get sad, they often start listening to music, which then calms them down If it wasnt for music, then this world wouldve been insane
  55. 55. Music Education : http://musiced.about.com/Medieval : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medieval_musicRenaissance : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renaissance_musicBaroque : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baroque_musicClassical : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_period_(music)Romantic : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romantic_music20th Century : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/20th-century_classical_music

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