Major strategy of the Alto Mayo Conservation Initiative.To determine if a local community has the potential for a CA, feasibility analysis and biological assessments are performed.After signing a CA, the local community is given technical help on sustainable coffee growing, thus providing alternative livelihoods that improve well-beingOther incentives include school supplies and healthcare240+ CA’s have been signed to date.The next step for CI is to implement and on an ongoing basis, manage a monitoring system that verifies positive biological and socioeconomic impact in the areas where CA’s have been signed.
Comments:Can we change colors? Green on green does not really stand out
How will the project support livelihoods and conservation of ecosystem services? (Conservation agreement model)
Park service strengthened: rangers hired, patrols conducted, etc
Benefits sharing should only be discussed once a reasonable idea of what the project/interventions are and should be kept as simple as possible in the beginning.
Day 1.Presentation 3. augustin silvani
REDD+ Benefit Sharing On the ground experiencesAgustin SilvaniManaging Director, Carbon Finance
CI’s REDD+ Work Climate Policy Engaged with UNFCCC, California, etc Market Building Helped develop market leading VCS, CCB Standards Capacity Building To date nearly 900 individuals in 12 countries have benefited from CI training and on-going support Photo 1 4.2” x 10.31” Pilot Initiatives Positionx: 8.74”, y: .18”
20+ pilots: different strategies, funding sources, goals
REDD+ Benefit Sharing : Core Principles• Fair, Participatory & Transparent• Benefits tied to conservation outcomes• Benefits must be real & verifiable• Benefit sharing forms a core part of project design• Primary mechanism for delivery is the conservation agreement model Photo 1 4.2” x 10.31” Position x: 8.74”, y: .18”
REDD+ = reduced deforestationHOW ARE WE GOING TO DO THIS?Globally over 300 conservationagreements signed• 9 countries• ~ 40,000 beneficiaries• ~ $20M in benefits to communities• ~ $15M raised in carbon finance since 2009• ~ 2M hectares protected
Alto Mayo is under threat Recently paved highway built through the forest led to increased population and illegal logging One of the highest deforestation rates amongst Peruvian national protected areas, main driver is unsustainable sun-grown coffee production
Project Interventions 1 Improve the governance and enforcement Promote sustainable land use through 2 Conservation Agreements 3 Increase environmental awareness locally 4 Ensure sustainability through long-term financing Amplify impact of REDD project into broader 5 development agenda at the local, regional and national level
REDD+ Initiative Conservation agreements signed with over 200 families Non-complianceProjectedDeforestation results in cancellationto 2018 of services Farmers are Provided with a package of assistance Contracts are signed with government
Conservation Agreements as benefit sharingmechanism Conservation Agreement Threats to Conservation Opportunity biodiversity Benefits Cost Actions Financial Tools No deforestation. Improved agricultural No land trafficking practices (technical Adapt conventional support, organic productive systems fertilizers, equip) Riverine vegetation Efficient cooking stoves restoration efforts Tree nurseries
Conservation Agreements: Providing benefits toimprove livelihoods and conserve ecosystemservices Conservation Actions Social and Economic Benefits• No more clearing of primary • Technical assistance and supplies forest and including head (eg. organic fertilizer) for water and riverine forests agricultural crops• No clearing or removal of • Capacity building in the production vegetation cover in slopes and certification of organic shade- higher than 60% grown coffee• Control migration of new • Improved cookstoves settlers into the area. • Construction of nurseries for agroforestry and coffee• Harvesting timber harvest for commencial puroses • Construction of community forbidden. facilities and checkpoints • Salaries for patrolling.
Financial sustainability pay for performance (variable) Carbon Market pay for performance Risks must sit with those most (fixed) able to bear them community Contractually all revenue must go back to project
Outcomes and BenefitsSo far 240+ families signed conservationagreements and improved coffee practices thisyear we will reach 600+ families. Next year 900+New legal instruments created, to be replicatedacross Peru through government actionClear-cutting has decreased across the region,2.8MTCO2e emissions avoidedBaby yellow-tailed woolly monkeys sighted bylocal residentsPark service strengthened, budget substantiallyenlarged
Scaling Up & Benefit SharingThere are many things about REDD+ we don’tknow, but here is what we do know:• There is no international market for REDD+ under the UN, nor will there be for a while• Much of the deforestation happening is illegal, therefore policy interventions alone are insufficient Manage expectations!! I• REDD+ resources http://bryanmarvel.com mage: http://partyhardpolitics.com, are insufficient to compensate opp cost, thus prioritization will need to happen
Practical Design Elements to Consider Mismatch between actions / payments Given lag, disincentives are just as important as incentives Absorptive capacity is extremely low Benefits need not be cash. Often government programs exist that can be re-directed or amplified REDD+ is envisioned as pay for performance, yet most programs are not structured that way ODA funding comes with lots of requirements, regardless of delivery partner.