Successful Forestry Project Experiences in the Mato Grosso Do Sul Silvopastoral System

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Successful Forestry Project Experiences in the Mato Grosso Do Sul Silvopastoral System

  1. 1. “SUCCESSFUL FORESTRYPROJECT EXPERIENCES INTHE MATO GROSSO DO SULSILVOPASTORAL SYSTEM”
  2. 2.  CM FLORESTAL LTDA. CELSO LUIZ MEDEIROS LIMA.  Forestry engineer Email: cmflorestal@uol.com.br Skype: celso.medeiros50  Telephone – (67) 9281 0257  (67) 3301 8359
  3. 3. ESTIMATED AAG(average annual growth) Basic premise: Average local rainfall = 1,400 mm 1 m³ wood = 30 mm of rain Expected productivity: 1,400mm/30mm Expected AAG 46.6 m³/ha/yearObs: Consider Local water deficit Applied technology
  4. 4. BASIC FERTILIZING Dolomitic limestone: 2,000 kg; Agricultural gypsum: 800 kg Reactive phosphate : 350 kg; 10+30+10 + micronutrients: 150 kg; 20+05+20 + micronutrients: 150 kg; 18+00+18 + micronutrients: 180 kg; Leaf analyses followed by three supplementary applications.
  5. 5. CONVERSION RATE CLONE GG 100 SILVOPASTORAL 424 trees/ha AAG= 4th year: 33.20 m³/ha/year. Tree volume = 0.313 m3/tree CONVENTIONAL 1,111 trees/ha AAG= 4th year: 43.50 m³/ha/year. Tree volume = 0.1566 m³
  6. 6. WORK IN PROGRESS Soil: quartz sand (10 to12%) Rainfall: 1,300 mm Stand: 884 trees/ha Productivity: 40 m³/ha/year
  7. 7. WORK IN PROGRESS Soil: quartz sand (18 to 20%) Rainfall: 1,300 mm Stand: 884 trees/ha Productivity: 46 m³/ha/year
  8. 8. SOME MISTAKES 6.0 x 1.5 meters in São Paulo yielded 27% productivity loss 8.0 x 2.0 meters yields low productivity wood and pasture
  9. 9. SILVOPASTORAL CONCEPT Produce wood Sequester carbon Produce pasture Produce crops Respect the environment
  10. 10. TREES IN ROWS Space between the rows: 14 to 35 m (Porfírio-da-Silva, 2006) 10 to 50 m (Oliveira et al., 2003) Space between the trees in each row: 1.5 to 4.0 m (Porfírio-da- Silva,2006)
  11. 11. DIRECTION OF PLANTING  East/West  On the same level  Water is a limiting production factor
  12. 12. SILVOPASTORAL SYSTEMRESULTS Increased density Timber production and cattle raising in the same area Thermal comfort for the animals Improved health of the animals Protection of the pasture against frost
  13. 13. SILVOPASTORAL SYSTEMRESULTS Less need to restore pastures Control of soil erosion Increased income from the property
  14. 14. MOST COMMONLY USEDCLONES Urograndis: I- 144, I- 224, H- 13, H-77 C- 041, C- 219, 1528 Urophylla: GG- 100 Urocam: VM- 01 Grancam: 1277 Camalcornis VM58
  15. 15. CLONES AND THEIR USES Pulp: H-13, H-77, C-219, C-041, I-144. Charcoal/Manufacturing: VM-01, GG100, 1528. Sawmills: 1277, I- 224, H- 13, VM 01.
  16. 16. IMPLEMENTATION Soil that can support a standing forest Water is a limiting production factor Adequate sunlight and suitable temperatures
  17. 17. IMPLEMENTATION Soil preparation Facilitate future maintenance Place the fertilizer (phosphorus) close to the root system Controlled release fertilizer (Basacote) Specific herbicide for eucalyptus plantations
  18. 18. IMPLEMENTATION Soil correction – limestone, gypsum Combating ants Topography / contour line / grading Building and maintaining roads Herbicide in the area worked on
  19. 19. IMPLEMENTATION Mechanized soil preparation + phosphate Planting / replanting + gel Irrigation Fertilizing using NPK Pre-emergence application of herbicide
  20. 20. MAINTENANCE Combating ants Fertilizing Mechanical weeding along the rows Grading of the land between the rows Pre-emergence application of herbicide throughout the entire area Mechanical and chemical weeding between the rows
  21. 21. MAINTENANCE Pruning Forest inventory Fire prevention Pest control
  22. 22. HARVEST Thinning Final cutting
  23. 23. THINNING / HARVESTING Nº of Age Nº of Trees Volume UseThinnings (years) (m³/ha) Initial Removed Remainder 1º 4 884 250 634 45 Biomass (0.18 m³) 2º 7 634 384 250 135 Biomass (0.35 m³) SawmillsFinal cut 12 250 250 0 195 Sawmills 130 Biomass (1.30 m³) Total 505 m³
  24. 24. OPERATING COST (per ha) OFIMPLEMENTATION / MAINTENANCE  Implementation = R$ 2,012.96  Maintenance = R$ 3,367.50  Total = R$ 5,380.46
  25. 25. THINNING AND FINALCUTTING  45 m³ X R$ 40.00 = R$ 1,800.00  135 m³ X R$ 50.00 = R$ 6,750.00  325 m³ X R$ 74.46 = R$24,200.00  Total = R$ 32,750.00
  26. 26. REVENUE vs EXPENSES Expenses up to 12 yearsR$ 5,380.46 / ha RevenueR$ 32,750.00 / haPROFITABILITY = R$ 27,369.54 / ha / 12 yearsPer year = R$ 2,280.80 / ha
  27. 27. PRODUCTION COST vsSALES Total production volume 505 m³ Production cost R$ 5,380.46 Cost per meter of standing timber: R$ 5,380.46 / 505 m³ = R$ 10.65 m³ Minimum sale value of standing timber: R$ 40.00 m³
  28. 28. Atalho para DSC03325.lnk Atalho para DSC03325.lnk
  29. 29. E II E NOSSA SENHORA APARECIDA

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