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BNC 2016/17 Issue 2 – Prisons: Punishment and rehabilitation explained

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A powerpoint presentation for the Burnet News Club

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BNC 2016/17 Issue 2 – Prisons: Punishment and rehabilitation explained

  1. 1. PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION EXPLAINED
  2. 2. 1PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION Explained Prison is a place where criminals are locked up. Their freedom is taken away and they can’t go into the outside world. In some prisons in the UK, prisoners are taught skills, can exercise outside and have visits from their family.
  3. 3. 2 PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION Explained Mr Cameron said: “No longer will [prisons] be warehouses for criminals; they will now be places where lives are changed.” Two months afterwards, Mr Cameron lost his job. Photo: 360b/www.shutterstock.com
  4. 4. 3PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION Explained Theresa May is now prime minister. She chose Liz Truss to be the new justice minister. This means Ms Truss has the power to change the UK prison system. Photo: Frederic Legrand – COMEO / www.shutterstock.com
  5. 5. 4 PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION Explained Ms Truss hasn't promised to carry out all of Mr Cameron's plans. No one knows what will happen next. Photo Twocoms / www.shutterstock.com
  6. 6. 5PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION Explained Hundreds of years ago in Britain, criminals were given cruel punishments, such as whipping.
  7. 7. 6 PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION Explained In the 1700s, even small crimes like stealing were sometimes punishable by death.
  8. 8. 7PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION Explained Until 1965, murderers in the UK could be sentenced to death by hanging.
  9. 9. 8 PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION Explained Now the biggest punishment for any criminal in the UK is to be sent to prison for a long time.
  10. 10. 9PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION Explained Really dangerous criminals, such as those who kill other people, can be sent to prison for their whole lives.
  11. 11. 10 PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION Explained But most criminals are released after a few months or years.
  12. 12. 11PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION Explained Unfortunately, quite a lot of people who have been to prison commit crimes again after they are released.
  13. 13. 12 PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION Explained Among criminals who spend a year or less behind bars, more than half are caught committing another crime after they are freed.
  14. 14. 13PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION Explained Some people think the answer is to lock criminals up for longer. This is called the ‘punitive’ approach.
  15. 15. 14 PUNISHMENT AND REHABILITATION Explained Others think we should try to help them to become law-abiding citizens. This is called ‘rehabilitation’. Photo: Skyward Kick Productions / www.shutterstock.com

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