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Providing off-grid energy solutions to the most vulnerable through cash support

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Yves Dublin's (UNICEF Kenya) presentation at the Transfer Project Workshop in Arusha, Tanzania on 4th April 2019.

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Providing off-grid energy solutions to the most vulnerable through cash support

  1. 1. ©UNICEFCOUNTRY/NAME/YEAR Whats Cooking? “Mwangaza Mashinani” Providing off-grid energy solutions to the poorest and most vulnerable populations through cash support and empowerment Yves Dublin (UNICEF) Transfer Project Workshop Arusha – 4 April 2019
  2. 2. Context GoK aims Universal Energy Access by 2020 in Kenya Electrification rate increased from 25% (2011) to 50% (2016) Evidence shows ~20% of pop. best served by off-grid solutions Kenya has one of the most vibrant solar markets in the world yet evidence shows that affordability still largest barrier to solar energy Remarkable efforts in NSNP(4 CTs) expansion reaching 1,2m poor HHs in 47 conunties (KES 4,000 / bimonthly (4 banks)) GoK’s focus on “Cash plus Agenda”
  3. 3. Expected Outcome and Outputs Outcome: 1,500 poor beneficiary of National Safety Net Programme (NSNP) in Kilifi and Garissa counties with school going age children have accessed an off-grid SHS or SL to improve their wellbeing Output 1. 1500 targeted NSNP beneficiary households supported with bimonthly top-ups are able to access a Solar Home Systems (SHS) or Solar Lanterns and regularly repay it. Output 2. 1500 beneficiaries and their communities are provided with skills and knowledge to own and manage their SHS and SL and improve the learning performance and health of their children and their livelihood opportunities. Output 3. Policy & decision makers & private sector at national and county levels informed with the project outcomes and impacts, and lesson learnt for scale up.
  4. 4. How to provide off-grid energy solutions to NSNP HHs? Beneficiaries receive bimonthly top-ups of KES 2100 (USD 21) to repay either 1 SHS or 3 SLs during 12 months. HHs will repay on a bi-monthly basis To ensure regularity of repayments engage with Beneficiary Welfare Committee (BWC) or relevant community champions who will regularly communicate with beneficiaries to ensure $ received and utilized for intended purpose. Link with Children officers and social development workers Capacity Building BWC Community mobilization livelihood support
  5. 5. Evaluation approach and questions 1) Quantitative quasi-experimental impact evaluation (base and endline) PSM and DiD: 810 treatment and 810 comparison HHs Qs: Beneficiary households’ access and use to energy services; Education and health of children; HH income by increasing livelihood opportunities and reducing household energy expenditure? 2) Qualitative household and community level research (endline, 4 villages) KIIs and FDGs with enrolled HHs, community leaders, BWC, community champions Qs: Project’s objectives relevant to the target population’s (education, health and livelihood) needs; Approach acceptable; efficiency of up-take of intervention modalities; Lessons for scale-up; sense of ownership; unintended outcomes; strengths and weaknesses of the engagement of community 3) National and county-level stakeholder interviews Semi-structured, qualitative individual or group interviews with programme stakeholders Qs: Approach acceptable; approach aligned with government policies; Strengths and weaknesses of the coordination process among key stakeholders; Lessons for scale-up; stakeholder commitment to sustain and scale-up the pilot; integration of operational modalities with the NSNP? 4) Use of existing data sources (routine monitoring data and other surveys etc..)
  6. 6. Key takeaway points Dare trying new approaches involving private sector while aiming to achieve social and economic outcomes Potential of influencing private sector business model to make their products more affordable and accessible to poorest segment of the population Last mile distribution is key to make energy accessible to lowest parts of the populations Connect the dots rather creating new interventions
  7. 7. ©UNICEFCOUNTRY/NAME/YEAR Asanteni Sana! Any Questions?

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