Service Supply Relationships


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Service Supply Relationships

  1. 1. Service Supply Relationships
  2. 2. Learning Objectives <ul><li>Contrast the supply chain for physical goods with the customer-supplier duality of services. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the challenge of managing service supply relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>Classify business services based on the focus of the service and its importance to the outsourcing organization. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the managerial considerations to be addressed in outsourcing services. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the challenges of delivering services in the field. </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare a delivery route using the Clarke-Wright algorithm. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Supply Chain for Physical Goods
  4. 4. Customer-Supplier Duality in Service Supply Relationships (Hubs)
  5. 5. Single-Level Bidirectional Service Supply Relationship Tax Preparer > Documents 1040> Client Information Bank > Money Interest> Investor Belongings Dentist > Tooth Filling> Patient Bodies Professor > Mind Knowledge> Student Minds Service Provider > Input Output> Customer -Supplier Service Category
  6. 6. Two-Level Bidirectional Service Supply Relationship Title Search > Location Clear Title> Mortgage Company > Property Loan> Home Buyer Information Machine Shop > Engine Rebuilt> Garage > Car Repaired> Driver Belongings Lab > Sample Test Result> Physician > Blood Diagnosis> Patient Bodies Pharmacy > Prescription Drugs> Therapist > Disturbed Treated> Patient Minds Provider’s Supplier > Input Output> Service Provider > Input Output> Customer -Supplier Service Category
  7. 7. Sources of Value in Service Supply Relationships <ul><li>Bi-directional Optimization </li></ul><ul><li>Managing Productive Capacity - Transfer : make knowledge available (e.g. web based FAQ database) - Replacement : substitute technology for server (e.g. digital blood pressure device) - Embellishment : enable self-service by teaching (e.g. change surgical dressing) </li></ul><ul><li>Management of Perishability </li></ul>
  8. 8. Impact of Service Supply Relationships
  9. 9. Impact of Service Supply Relationships
  10. 10. Outsourcing Services <ul><li>Benefits - allows the firm to focus on its core competence - service is cheaper to outsource than perform in-house - provides access to latest technology - leverage benefits of supplier economy of scale </li></ul><ul><li>Risks - loss of direct control of quality - jeopardizes employee loyalty - exposure to data security and customer privacy - dependence on one supplier compromises future negotiation leverage - additional coordination expense and delays - atrophy of in-house capability to perform service </li></ul>
  11. 11. Outsourcing Process
  12. 12. Taxonomy for Outsourcing Business Services
  13. 13. Outsourcing Considerations
  14. 14. Outsourcing Considerations
  15. 15. Outsourcing Considerations
  16. 16. Topics for Discussion <ul><li>What are some possible disadvantages associated with the product postponement strategy? </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the similarities and differences in the product postponement strategy used by Hewlett-Packard and Taco Bell? </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss the implication of service outsourcing on employees, stockholders, customers, and host country economy when a firm outsources a call center overseas. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Interactive Exercise <ul><li>The class divides into small groups and members come up with examples of multilevel bidirectional service relationships (i.e, service supplier relationships with three or more levels). Be prepared to argue why such service relationships are so rare. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Peapod – Smart Shopping for Busy People <ul><li>Where are opportunities for bidirectional optimization at Peapod? </li></ul><ul><li>How can Peapod manage service perishability? </li></ul><ul><li>How can Peapod manage productive capacity? </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest reasons why Peapod has not yet become profitable. </li></ul>