RFID Slides


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RFID Slides

  1. 1. Radio Frequency ID (RFID): Brian E. Mennecke Deans Faculty Fellow in MIS & Associate Professor Iowa State University College of Busiess
  2. 2. Why is RFID a relevant technology for research and practice? <ul><li>RFID has the potential to significantly change how objects are tracked and managed throughout a business process or within a business’ supply chain </li></ul>
  3. 3. How is RFID unique? <ul><li>RFID is a unique technology because … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It can be used to identify objects and store information about the object in question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bar codes can store limited amounts of information about an object </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>RFID can be used to store vast amounts of information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It can be used to accurately locate and identify objects from a distance using RF signals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It can be used to detect and read objects that are not in line of sight </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. RFID Technology <ul><li>Conceptually somewhat similar to bar codes in that they are used to identify and track objects of interest to the organization </li></ul><ul><li>Consist of three components: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An antenna, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A transceiver (transmitter and receiver), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A transponder (tag), which is where the brains of the technology resides </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. An RFID Tag
  6. 6. RFID Technology: Active vs. Passive Tags <ul><li>Active Tags </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catch the attention of the RFID reader by sending out a signal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Function with battery power (a battery is either connected to or built into the tag) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be detected over a greater distance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are more expensive (due to the cost of the battery) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Passive Tags </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alert the tag to communicate through a reader when the reader’s signal is detected by the tag </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communicates without battery power (giving them essentially unlimited life) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Derives power from the reader’s electromagnetic field </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. RFID Data Collection Process RFID Tag RFID Reader Middleware Enterprise System
  8. 8. The Process in Context Source: Forrester Research
  9. 9. Systems Effected <ul><li>ERP </li></ul><ul><li>Supply Chain Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EDI Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MRP Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Data Warehouse </li></ul><ul><li>End User Applications </li></ul>
  10. 10. RFID Applications <ul><li>Just a few applications that already exist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EZ Pass Toll Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pet identification technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inventory management (usually pallet level) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Truck routing and management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meat traceability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. RFID in Meat Traceability <ul><li>Currently, most meat in the U.S. is not tracked through the production process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is primarily marketed as a commodity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most processing plants are not designed to track meat products </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RFID has the potential to enable flexible manufacturing and support animal and meat traceability </li></ul>
  12. 12. Technology in the meat production chain <ul><li>However, RFID technology has the potential to enable identification of the product through the production chain </li></ul>
  13. 13. RFID is Integral to Traceability
  14. 14. Users of RFID
  15. 15. Where Do Benefits Arise? <ul><li>Compliance and Service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Achieve or retain preferred customer status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meet or exceed customer specifications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internal Process Efficiencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor efficiencies, monitoring, and control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supply Chain Integration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency of supply chain to management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information integration and flow </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Where is it going? (and how fast will we get there?) Now 4 years out Feasibility Pallet-level Applications Case-level Applications Item-Level Applications