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ebXML Framework for e-Business and Supply Chain Management


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ebXML Framework for e-Business and Supply Chain Management

  1. 1. ebXML Framework for e-Business and Supply Chain Management ebXML Overview ebXML Activities in Asia Region ebXML Projects in Thailand Dr. Somnuk Keretho ( Director, E-Commerce Resource Center (ECRC/NECTEC) Delegate, APEC E-Commerce Steering Group/e-APEC Task Force Delegate, ebXML Asia Committee APEC Workshop on e-Business and Supply Chain Management August 28-30, 2002 - Bangkok
  2. 2. EDI Today <ul><li>Legacy EDI </li></ul><ul><li>Contributing to the productivity of the present-day economy through the rapid information exchange among major companies </li></ul><ul><li>BUT </li></ul><ul><li>Lacking the flexibility and cannot follow the rapid business change of the new economy easily </li></ul><ul><li>Requiring the intricate agreements and testing on EDI between the parties by the person in charge, before starting the business. </li></ul><ul><li>Being difficult to expand EDI world for SME’s because of the expensive cost and the special EDI skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Web EDI </li></ul><ul><li>Easier to implement and to access the electronic data when you just have a PC and a browser software. </li></ul><ul><li>BUT </li></ul><ul><li>Requiring the human operation always and inviting errors sometimes, because the web doesn’t provide the automation of the EDI data handling. </li></ul><ul><li>Being difficult to handle the rapid and frequent EDI messages through client/server based system depending on the human handling. </li></ul>95% of Fortune 1000 are using EDI But Only 2% of other SME’s are using EDI XML/EDI  ebXML Standardization There is a solution. Acknowledgement to Hisanao Sugamata/ECOM
  3. 3. What is Self-Describing? Traditional EDI v.s. XML Formats EDI Purchase Order Sample XML Purchase Order Sample These are not self-describing data!
  4. 4. XML used in e-Business 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Awareness Proliferation Products Implementation XML Diffusion Chaos to Tower of Babel ebXML Initiative Standardization ebXML Version 1.0 Released May, 2001 Digital Economy Realization by Standardized IT Infrastructure
  5. 5. Business Needs <ul><li>Link traditional data exchanges (EDI or new XML) to business applications </li></ul><ul><li>Lower costs to configure new e-Business relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Create “Smart” Business Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a reusable set of core information components </li></ul><ul><li>Lower cost server and client based solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Protect investments in existing systems </li></ul>
  6. 6. XML is not enough <ul><li>XML is a markup language </li></ul><ul><li>XML does not solve business problems </li></ul><ul><li>XML schemas do not provide any semantics of business processes </li></ul><ul><li>XML by itself is not the magic bullet. </li></ul><ul><li>What we really need is a dynamic cross walk mechanism for XML-based vocabularies. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Goal: To provide an open XML-based infrastructure enabling the global use of electronic business information in an interoperable, secure and consistent manner by all parties </li></ul><ul><li>Joint initiative of UN/CEFACT and OASIS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business, with the experience in legacy EDI, UN EDIFACT, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards, with the expertise in XML, Internet standards, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supported by industry and standards world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sun, IBM, CommerceOne, Iona, webMethods,… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rosettanet, EDI/INT (AS1, AS2), OBI, OTA,… </li></ul></ul>www. ebxml .org
  8. 8. Development Levels of e-Commerce/e-Business ebXML Standards for B2B messaging & services Level 1 Publishing Information (i-Commerce) Publishing products and marketing information on the web Any order can be offline. Web Portal to link several static HTMLs . Static Web: HTML Level 2 Online Transaction (e-Commerce) Buyers can order products electronically. Payment could be online or offline. Web site that connects to the back-end database. Dynamic Web: HTML + Database Level 3 Interoperability among several info systems (c-Commerce) Retrieving messages & calling services across platforms of different DB systems One Stop Services: Linking several online services
  9. 9. Company X ebXML Repository Query about Company X Request Company X’s Scenario Company X’s Scenario Company Y Company X’s Profile Submit CPA Accept CPA Usage Example INDUSTRY INPUT ebXML BP Model ebXML BO Library ebXML Software ebXML BP Model ebXML BO Library ebXML Software Request ebXML specifications 1 ebXML specifications detail 3 2 Build local system implementation Register scenarios and implementation details Register company business profile 6 7 8 9 10 Confirm profile and scenarios accepted 11 4 5 12 Scenarios Profiles Specifications
  10. 10. ebXML Architecture Transport Package Business Service Interface Internal Business Applications Internal Business Applications Business Service Interface Run time BP Specification Business Process Core Data Blocks Business Messages CPA Context For Built With Implement one Partner Role Implement other Partner Roles Register Design time Design time CPP CPP
  11. 11. The Goal … information model business process model from to...
  12. 12. Information model ...XML representation from to...
  13. 13. ebXML Activities in Asia Region Acknowledgement: Slides of this part were initially prepared by Yukinori Saito, Electronic Commerce Council of Japan (ECOM) ebXML Asia Committee Member
  14. 14. ebXML Asia Committee Goal To promote ebXML implementation for facilitating e-business in Asian Region. Missions <ul><li>To contribute to the ebXML specification from Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>To establish the bridgehead for promoting ebXML implementation in Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>To represent the Asian region for development/maintenance of ebXML specifications. </li></ul>Members (Initiated) KIEC (Korea Institute for Electronic Commerce), ECOM (Electronic Commerce Promotion Council of Japan), TCA (Taipei Computer Association) Members (Others) CECID (Hong Kong), IDA, Crimsonlogic (Singapore), DagangNet (Malaysia), NECTEC (Thailand), Pakistan Revenue Automation (Pakistan), UNCTAD (Sri Lanka) Meetings 1 st Dec. 2000 (Seoul), 2 nd April, 2001 (Taipei), 3 rd July, 2001 (Tokyo), 4 th Nov. 2001 (Seoul), 5 th April, 2002 (Taipei), 6 th July, 2002 (Tokyo) Work Items <ul><li>(1) Contribution to ebXML:-Promote the inter-Registry coordination model. –Propose the methodology for assembling a document in semantic level </li></ul><ul><li>Adapting the ebXML: -Share the guidelines developed by the members. </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness and Promotion: -Make a demonstration at AFACT meeting. – Open the Web site for ebXML Asia Committee. </li></ul>Secretariat KIEC (Korea)
  15. 15. Projects concerning ebXML in Asia Region (1/3) <ul><li>Completed 1 st stage development. </li></ul><ul><li>Korea National Central Registry and Repository-based on V1.0, planned to be upgraded to V3.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Domain Registry & Repository </li></ul><ul><li>-Trade Domain Registry by KTNET </li></ul>Implementation of Registry (KIEC) Remarks (Current Status, Others) General Activities Projects <ul><li>POC demonstration was did at 7 th ebXML seminar at Seoul in Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>INNODIGITAL developed POC system. </li></ul><ul><li>Completed ebXML POC project. </li></ul><ul><li>Corresponding specification: MS, CPPA, Registry, BP, CC </li></ul>POC of ebXML specification (KIEC) <ul><li>Completed the pilot run to provide the cargo tracking services between Trade-Van and KTNET. </li></ul><ul><li>Now developing Secure Cross Border Transaction system between Trade-Van and Tradelink. (April, 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Organization to provide secure, trusted, reliable and value-adding IT infrastructure for efficient global trade and logistics, founded on July, 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>Members (6): Trade-Van (Taiwan), Tradelink (Hong Kong), Crimsonlogic (Singapore), KTNET (Korea), CIECC (China), TEDI (Japan) </li></ul><ul><li>Adopting ebXML </li></ul><ul><li>-1 st phase: MS, CPPA, Registry </li></ul><ul><li>-Future: BP, CC </li></ul>PAA (Pan Asia E-Commerce Alliance)
  16. 16. Projects concerning ebXML in Asia Region (2/3) <ul><li>This POC is on going now. </li></ul><ul><li>In near future, This POC intends to upgrade to MS V2.0. (April, 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>POC of binary collaboration (From Payer to Bank) </li></ul><ul><li>Two kinds of message flow (Normal delivery and Reliable delivery) </li></ul><ul><li>This POC was based on MS V1.0. </li></ul>POC of ebXML MSG specification (GCOM, Taiwan) Remarks (Current Status, Others) General Activities Projects <ul><li>Schedule: </li></ul><ul><li>-Start: July, 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>-Finish: December, 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>This project will start actually, after past 1 year feasibility study. </li></ul><ul><li>This project is supported by Ministry of Economic Affairs. </li></ul><ul><li>This project will adopt ebXML MS specification. </li></ul>IFX (Interactive Financial Exchange Project) (TCA, NII) <ul><li>Schedule: </li></ul><ul><li>-Phase 1: 18 months from April, 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>-Phase 2: 12 months from Oct, 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>This project is a POC project to judge adoption of ebXML specification to next IFX (Interactive Financial Exchange Project) of ROCBA (Republic of China Banking Association). </li></ul><ul><li>Corresponding specification: R&R V1.0, CPPA V1.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsor: Department of Industrial Technology, Ministry of Economic Affairs </li></ul>XR2 (XML Registry & Repository Project) (NII, Taiwan)
  17. 17. Projects concerning ebXML in Asia Region (3/3) <ul><li>Project period: </li></ul><ul><li>From January, 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>To December 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>CECID is a R&D center at the University of Hong Kong, sponsored by Hong Kong Government and HKU. </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives: To establish an ebXML infrastructure to support an open standard for document exchange between businesses. </li></ul><ul><li>Deliverables: </li></ul><ul><li>-Local ebXML Registry </li></ul><ul><li>-ebXML Business Router (Software engine to execute BPSS/CPPA, BPSS Editor) </li></ul><ul><li>-ebXML API Library </li></ul>CECID (Center for E-Commerce Infrastructure Development) (Hong Kong) Remarks (Current Status, Others) General Activities Projects <ul><li>Project period: </li></ul><ul><li>From July, 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>To June 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>I3T is a software R&D institute at Kasetsart University (KU), co-sponsored by NECTEC & KU. </li></ul><ul><li>Objectives: To promote ebXML and develop ebXML-based B2B e-Business Open Source Software Components. </li></ul><ul><li>Deliverables: </li></ul><ul><li>-POC ebXML Registry, and IFX Project for National Payment System (Payment 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>-POC ebXML System for connecting Cargo Community System (CCS) and Legacy EDI </li></ul>I3T (Institute for Innovative IT) (Thailand)
  18. 18. ebXML Projects in Thailand
  19. 19. Institute for Innovative IT (I 3 T) <ul><li>A software R&D institute of KU (officially by July 2001 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsored by NECTEC & Kasetsart Univ (KU) </li></ul><ul><li>Our Objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop and Promote e-Commerce Open Source Software Components to the software community, based on ebXML and Web Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote and Transfer Software Development Process based on CMM to the local software community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote and Transfer e-Commerce Technologies , i.e. Web Services Technology, Modeling with UML </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collaboration with ECRC/NECTEC, Software Park of Thailand, Association of Thai SW Industry, etc. </li></ul>CMM = Capability Maturity Model for Software
  20. 20. E-Commerce Resource Center (ECRC) <ul><li>An e-commerce promotion center under the National Electronic and Computer Technology Center (NECTEC), Ministry of Science, Technology & Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote e-Commerce uptake in the country (EC national policies, awareness, capacity building, infrastructure and standards) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promote ebXML framework to the industries </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Payment 2004 A Road Map for Thai Payment Systems <ul><li>A co-operative effort (the central bank, the market, etc.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To review the current payment infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To chart the road map to lay down strong future foundations for the country’s payment systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>5 major development directions </li></ul><ul><li>3 lead institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bank of Thailand (BOT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NECTEC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thai Bankers’ Association </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ebXML & IFX (Interactive Financial Exchange) would be adopted as interoperable standards </li></ul>
  22. 22.
  23. 23. The Fourth Agenda <ul><li>Develop an electronic payment infrastructure based on interoperable payment standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ebXML for general business applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IFX for financial & banking businesses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Develop a complete straight-through-processing (STP) system for payments </li></ul>
  24. 24. IFX Interactive Financial Exchange <ul><li>An XML framework for B2B financial data exchange </li></ul><ul><li>IFX Forum, founded 1997, to develop an open & interoperable specifications </li></ul><ul><li>5 working groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic bill presentment & payment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business banking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Credit application processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggregation </li></ul></ul>IFX Framework Future Services Common Object Definition Basic Banking EBPP Payments (B2B/B2C) Loans
  25. 25. KU-NECTEC I3T’s POC Projects <ul><li>EPX Project: ebXML-based e-Payment Exchange Project to support inter-banking interoperable e-payment (cooperation with Bank of Thailand & ECRC/NECTEC ). </li></ul><ul><li>CCS Project: ebXML POC Project to connect legacy EDI systems with web-based Cargo Community Systems (cooperation with TradeSiam, Thai International Airways – Ground Services & ECRC/NECTEC ) </li></ul>POC = Proof-of-concepts
  26. 26. ebXML Current Implementation in other places <ul><li>Automotive ebXML Messaging interoperability Pilot : (bTrade, Cyclone Commerce, Sterling Commerce, Sybase) </li></ul><ul><li>CECID: Open source implementation of ebXML Registry V2, donated by Sun Microsystems Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>ebXMLSoft: developing Registry Information Model </li></ul><ul><li>Fujitsu I NTERSTAGE: infrastructure for Web services, open standards including SOAP, UDDI, WSDL, RosettaNet, and ebXML </li></ul><ul><li>Sun Microsystem Inc. ‘ JAXM ’ : Java APIs for XML Messaging, ‘ JAXR ’ Java APIs for XML Registry </li></ul>
  27. 27. ebXML Open Source <ul><li>Sybase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ebXML Messaging </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sourceforge.Net </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open ebXML </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Source Registry </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Conclusion <ul><li>ebXML </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An enabling technology for B2B e-business ( e-SCM ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A set of specifications for e-business interoperability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An enabling solution for the APEC Paperless Trading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A common framework for systems for trade-related procedures among enterprises. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>In Asia & Pacific Region, please join us </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ebXML Asia Committee Please join the 7 th ebXML Asia Meeting in Hong Kong, Nov 28-29, 2002. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asia Pacific Council on Trade Facilitation and e-Business (AFACT) 20 th AFACT Meeting in Kuala Lumpur, Oct 27-31, 2002. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In Thailand, pls. contact KU-NECTEC I3T </li></ul>
  29. 29. For more information <ul><li>Official ebXML Website </li></ul><ul><li>ebXML Asia Committee </li></ul><ul><li>“ Paperless Trading: Benefits to APEC”, Department of Foreign Affairs & Trade, Australia, and Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation, China, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>“ APEC e-Business: What do Users Need?”, Commonwealth Scientific Research Organization, Australia. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Payment 2004”, Bank of Thailand, www. bot .go. th </li></ul>
  30. 30. Thank you for your attention Dr. Somnuk Keretho Electronic Commerce Resource Center (ECRC) National Electronic and Computer Technology (NECTEC) [email_address]