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Consciousness Society: Validation of First and Second Person Methods for Inquiry.


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Consciousness Presentation - May 31, 2014
First and Second Person Subjective Qualitative Approaches to Achieving Whole Brain Synchrony for Peak Experience and Peak Performance

Whole brain synchrony is a well-known and sought after state which has the capacity to beneficially shift consciousness to states of “flow” whereby right and left cerebral hemispheres and prefrontal and brain stem regions work in harmonious union, e.g. brainwave patterns are synchronous or “in phase.”

The benefits of entering whole brain synchronous states are numerous including a sharpening of mental clarity, enhanced ability to problem solve, and resultant measurable subtle increases in creativity, intuition, and insight.

Importantly, whole brain synchronization induces a Relaxation Response that automatically reduces pain, stress, and anxiety in the body through the secretion of helpful homeostatic neurochemicals such as oxytocin,  dopamine, endogenous morphine, and cyclic nitric oxide.

Dr. Wright’s presentation will explore and make a case for the scholarly community to re-consider the historical “normal” science bias against first and second person subjective methods for inquiry especially the requirement that a researcher’s own experience be bracketed out in a quest for “objectivity.”

Published in: Science
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  • Hi, My lived experience of viewing your slide presentation = My heart beats faster and my temperature rises. How I describe it as excitement and motivational. Because what it means to me: It resonates with what I believe need to happen with research. It gives me examples that I can use in my own dissertation process to address the GAP. Right now my methodology for analyzing the lived experience uses the bracketing out to become more objective which is the same ole story.
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Consciousness Society: Validation of First and Second Person Methods for Inquiry.

  1. 1. First and Second Person Subjective Qualitative Approaches to Achieving Whole Brain Synchrony for Peak Experience and Peak Performance with Robert Wright, Jr., PhD, COFT (TSD, '13) Consciousness Society San Francisco, May 31, 2014
  2. 2. TThheerree aarree mmaannyy ggoooodd tthhiinnggss aabboouutt tthhee wwaayy sscciieennttiiffiicc aanndd sscchhoollaarrllyy iinnqquuiirryy iiss ccuurrrreennttllyy ccoonndduucctteedd uussiinngg tthhee sscciieennttiiffiicc mmeetthhoodd ppaarraaddiiggmm::  Studies aarree ppeeeerr rreevviieewweedd..  SSttuuddyy oouuttccoommeess aarree tteesstteedd ffoorr rreepplliiccaabbiilliittyy..  RRaannddoomm aassssiiggnnmmeennttss aanndd bblliinnddiinngg aarree uusseedd ttoo rreedduuccee eexxppeerriimmeenntteerr bbiiaasseess..  CCoonnttrrooll ggrroouuppss aarree uusseedd aass aa wwaayy ttoo hheellpp aanndd ccoorrrreecctt ffoorr ddaattaa iinntteerrpprreettaattiioonnss..  HHyyppootthheesseess aarree uusseedd ttoo ssuuggggeesstt eexxppllaannaattiioonnss ffoorr oobbsseerrvveedd pphheennoommeennaa..  SSttaattiissttiiccaall mmeeaassuurreess aarree uusseedd ttoo sshhiifftt ddaattaa rreessuullttss ffoorr rreelliiaabbiilliittyy aanndd ssttaattiissttiiccaallllyy ssiiggnniiffiiccaanntt ccoorrrreellaattiioonnss iinn aann aatttteemmpptt ttoo vvaalliiddaattee oorr iinnvvaalliiddaattee rreessuullttss..  EEmmpphhaassiiss oonn mmaaiinnttaaiinniinngg ““oobbjjeeccttiivviittyy”” bbyy mmeeaassuurriinngg ffrroomm 33rrdd ppeerrssoonn ppeerrssppeeccttiivvee..
  3. 3. Why We Require NNeeww AApppprrooaacchheess ttoo IInnqquuiirryy TThhiiss aapppprrooaacchh ttoo sscciieennttiiffiicc aanndd sscchhoollaarrllyy iinnqquuiirryy hhaass rreessuulltteedd iinn mmaannyy rreemmaarrkkaabbllee ddiissccoovveerriieess bbuutt aass qquuaannttuumm sscciieennccee sshhoowwss,, tthheerree mmaayy nnoott bbee aannyy ttrruullyy ““oobbjjeeccttiivvee”” aapppprrooaacchh ttoo iinnqquuiirryy;; aaccccoorrddiinngg ttoo tthhiiss vviieeww,, aallll iinnqquuiirryy iiss ““ssuubbjjeeccttiivvee””.. FFoorr oovveerr hhaallff aa cceennttuurryy,, mmooddeerrnn nneeuurroosscciieennccee hhaass bbeeeenn oonn aa rreedduuccttiioonniisstt ppaatthh,, bbrreeaakkiinngg tthhiinnggss ddoowwnn iinnttoo eevveerr ssmmaalllleerr ppaarrttss wwiitthh tthhee hhooppee tthhaatt uunnddeerrssttaannddiinngg aallll tthhee lliittttllee ppiieecceess wwiillll eevveennttuuaallllyy eexxppllaaiinn tthhee wwhhoollee.. UUnnffoorrttuunnaatteellyy,, mmaannyy ppeeooppllee tthhiinnkk tthhaatt bbeeccaauussee rreedduuccttiioonniissmm iiss ssoo oofftteenn uusseeffuull iinn ssoollvviinngg pprroobblleemmss,, iitt iiss tthheerreeffoorree aallssoo ssuuffffiicciieenntt ffoorr ssoollvviinngg tthheemm,, aanndd ggeenneerraattiioonnss ooff nneeuurroosscciieennttiissttss hhaavvee bbeeeenn rraaiisseedd oonn tthhiiss ddooggmmaa.. TThhiiss mmiissaapppplliiccaattiioonn ooff rreedduuccttiioonniissmm lleeaaddss ttoo tthhee ppeerrvveerrssee aanndd tteennaacciioouuss bbeelliieeff tthhaatt ssoommeehhooww rreedduuccttiioonniissmm iittsseellff wwiillll tteellll uuss hhooww tthhee bbrraaiinn wwoorrkkss,, wwhheenn wwhhaatt iiss rreeaallllyy nneeeeddeedd aarree aatttteemmppttss ttoo bbrriiddggee ddiiffffeerreenntt lleevveellss ooff ddiissccoouurrssee.. ------RRaammaacchhaannddrraann aanndd BBllaakkeesslleeee,, 11999988,, pp.. 226644
  4. 4. 3rd Person Emphasis  In terms of human science rreesseeaarrcchh,, tthhee ssttaannddaarrdd ppaarraaddiiggmm ffoorr iinnqquuiirryy eemmpphhaassiizzeess tthhee 33rrdd ppeerrssoonn ppeerrssppeeccttiivvee;; rreeggaarrddlleessss ooff wwhheetthheerr tthhee ssttuuddyy mmeetthhoodd iiss qquuaannttiittaattiivvee,, mmiixxeedd,, oorr qquuaalliittaattiivvee [[WWiillbbeerr QQuuaaddrraanntt 33]]..  TThhee 33rrdd ppeerrssoonn ppeerrssppeeccttiivvee ooppeerraatteess bbyy aanndd eemmpphhaassiizzeess bbrraacckkeettiinngg oouutt tthhee rreesseeaarrcchheerr’’ss oowwnn iinnfflluueennccee oorr eexxppeerriieennccee iinn aann aatttteemmpptt ttoo mmaaiinnttaaiinn ““oobbjjeeccttiivviittyy”” aanndd//oorr rreedduuccee bbiiaasseess..  TThhiiss nneecceessssaarriillyy rreessuullttss iinn aa kknnoowwlleeddggee ggaapp ssiinnccee nnoott aallll pphheennoommeennaa iiss mmeeaassuurraabbllee aass qquuaannttiiffiiaabbllee ddaattaa.. MMoorreeoovveerr,, cceerrttaaiinn ttyyppeess ooff SSttaatteebboouunndd eexxppeerriieennccee ccaann oonnllyy bbee ““kknnoowwnn”” oorr wwiittnneesssseedd iinn oorr aatt tthhaatt SSttaatteebboouunndd lleevveell ffrroomm aa 11sstt oorr 22nndd ppeerrssoonn ppeerrssppeeccttiivvee,, HHooww ddoo yyoouu mmeeaassuurree aann iiddeeaa oorr wwhheerree iiddeeaass ccoommee ffrroomm?? HHooww ddoo yyoouu mmeeaassuurree tthhee ssoouurrccee ooff tthhee mmiinndd oorr wwhheerree tthhee mmiinndd eennddss oorr bbeeggiinnss?? ((FFiisshheerr,, 11997711,, 11997733;; MMoommeenn,, 11998844))..
  5. 5. My Unexpected Journey to the Land of 1st & 2nd Person Method  My Mother DDiieedd WWhheenn II WWaass 99 YYeeaarrss OOlldd..  HHoossppiittaalliizzeedd ffoorr SSttrreessss BBuurrnnoouutt..  EExxppeerriimmeenntteedd wwiitthh HHoolliissttiicc SSoolluuttiioonnss ffoorr WWeellllnneessss..  SSttuummbblleedd AAccrroossss FFiieelldd ooff PPssyycchhoonneeuurrooiimmmmuunnoollooggyy..  SSuucccceessssffuullllyy UUsseedd AApppplliieedd GGuuiiddeedd MMeennttaall IImmaaggeerryy..
  6. 6. My Unexpected Journey to the Land of 1st & 2nd Person Method  Completed Masters LLeevveell SSttuuddiieess iinn NNeeuurrooppssyycchhoollooggyy aanndd PPssyycchhoopphhyyssiioollooggyy ooff SSttrreessss RReedduuccttiioonn..  DDeeaarr FFrriieenndd CCoommmmiittss SSuuiicciiddee UUnneexxppeecctteeddllyy..  FFrriieenndd’’ss DDeeaatthh TTrriiggggeerrss MMootthheerrlloossss && EExxiisstteennttiiaall GGrriieeff..  CCoommpplleetteedd DDiisssseerrttaattiioonn SSttuuddyy oonn MMootthheerrlloossss && EExxiisstteennttiiaall GGrriieeff RReeccoovveerryy..  WWeellllnneessss//SSttrreessss RReedduuccttiioonn CCooaacchhiinngg,, AAuutthhoorr,, SSppeeaakkeerr..
  7. 7. Meaning and Point of CCaattaassttrroopphhiicc BBiiffuurrccaattiioonn TThhiiss iiss aannyy ppllaaccee wwhheerree aann eevveenntt ooccccuurrss aanndd yyoouurr lliiffee iiss nneevveerr tthhee ssaammee aafftteerrwwaarrddss,, AAnnnnee MMaarriiee’’ss uunneexxppeecctteedd ssuuiicciiddee rree--ttrriiggggeerrss mmyy MMootthheerrlloossss aanndd EExxiisstteennttiiaall ggrriieeff aanndd lleeaaddss ttoo ““ccllaarriittyy”” ooff mmeeaanniinngg aanndd ddiirreeccttiioonn ffoorr mmyy ssttuuddyy.. WWhhyy ccoonnttiinnuuee iinn tthhee ddooccttoorraall pprrooggrraamm aanndd ddoo tthhee wwoorrkk eennttaaiilleedd ttoo ccoommpplleettee aa ddooccttoorraall ddiisssseerrttaattiioonn iiff iitt hhaadd nnoo rreeaall mmeeaanniinngg ffoorr mmee?? CCoommbbss ((22000022,, pp.. 5511)) rreeffeerrss ttoo tthhiiss ttyyppee ooff ““lliibbeerraattiinngg”” ddiilleemmmmaa aass aa ppooiinntt ooff ccaattaassttrroopphhiicc bbiiffuurrccaattiioonn..
  8. 8. CCoonnsseeqquueenncceess ooff ““OOvveerr--TThhiinnkkiinngg”” aanndd CCoommpplleexxiittyy GGrreeggoorryy BBaatteessoonn ((22000000,, 22000022)) aanndd EEddggaarr MMoorriinn ((22000088)) ccoonncclluuddeedd tthhaatt hhuummaann bbeeiinnggss hhaavvee ssuuffffeerreedd aass aa rreessuulltt ooff oouurr oovveerr--rreelliiaannccee uuppoonn tthhiinnkkiinngg pprroocceesssseess.. BBootthh BBaatteessoonn aanndd MMoorriinn iinnddiiccaattee tthhaatt tthhiinnkkiinngg,, eessppeecciiaallllyy oovveerr tthhiinnkkiinngg,, iiss aa ddiisseeaassee wwhhiicchh hhaass iinnfflliicctteedd mmuucchh ppaaiinn aanndd ssoorrrrooww uuppoonn hhuummaanniittyy.. BBaatteessoonn ((22000000,, 22000022)),, Krriisshhnnaammuurrttii ((11997755,, 22000077)),, aanndd MMoorriinn ((22000088)) aallll ssaayy tthhaatt aass ccoommpplleexxiittyy iinnccrreeaasseess,, tthhee nneeeedd ttoo rreemmoovvee tthhee ““ddiisseeaassee”” ooff tthhiinnkkiinngg iinnccrreeaasseess.. DDuurriinngg tthhee ffiillmm ppaanneell ddiissccuussssiioonn,, DDrr.. LLeesslliiee CCoommbbss iinnttiimmaatteedd tthhaatt mmoovviieess wwhhiicchh sseeeemmeedd ““ccoommpplleexx”” wwhheenn ffiirrsstt vviieewweedd yyeeaarrss aaggoo;; vviieewweedd yyeeaarrss llaatteerr,, nnoo lloonnggeerr pprreesseenntteedd tthheemmsseellvveess aass bbeeiinngg ““ccoommpplleexx””.. TThhiiss mmaayy bbee aann eexxaammppllee ooff tthhee mmiinndd rreeoorrddeerriinngg iittsseellff ttoo hhiigghheerr lleevveellss ooff ccoommpplleexxiittyy..
  9. 9. Ken Wilber’s Four ((44)) QQuuaaddrraannttss ooff KKnnoowwlleeddggee ffoorr SSttrreessss,, AAnnxxiieettyy,, PPhhyyssiiccaall PPaaiinn aanndd//oorr GGrriieeff Upper Left Quadrant 1 Interior - “I” Intentional Subjective Question: What is my experience (feeling) of my stress, anxiety, physical pain and/or grief? Upper Right Quadrant 2 Exterior- “you” (it) – thinking Adapted from Wilber (1996, 1997, 2000, 2002, 2004). self Behavioral Objective Question: What is the experience (essence) of my stress, anxiety, physical pain and/or grief? Lower Left Quadrant Interior – “We” Intersubjective Cultural Question: What is the experience (essence) of our stress, anxiety, physical pain and/or grief? Lower Right Quadrant Exterior – “Them” (it) Interobjective Social Question: What is the (systemic) experience of societal stress, anxiety, physical pain and/or grief?
  10. 10. TThhee PPhheennoommeennoollooggiiccaall EExxppeerriieennccee ““GGaapp”” MMiisssseedd BByy 33rrdd PPeerrssoonn RReedduuccttiioonniisstt//DDeeccoonnssttrruuccttiioonniisstt MMeetthhooddss:: WWhhaatt ddooeess iitt FFEEEELL lliikkee iinn yyoouurr bbooddyy ttoo lliivvee tthhee eexxppeerriieennccee,, nnoott mmeerreellyy qquuaannttiiffyy oorr ““ddeessccrriibbee”” tthhee ““eesssseennccee”” ooff tthhee eexxppeerriieennccee?? BBooddiillyy FFeellttsseennssee  Wilber Quadrant 1 Experience: how yyoouu ffeeeell iinn yyoouurr bbooddyy –– BBooddiillyy FFeellttsseennssee –– iinntteerriioorr ssuubbjjeeccttiivvee..  EExxaammppllee:: WWhhaatt iiss mmyy eexxppeerriieennccee ooff mmyy ssttrreessss?? WWhhaatt iiss mmyy eexxppeerriieennccee ooff mmyy aannxxiieettyy?? WWhhaatt iiss mmyy eexxppeerriieennccee ooff mmyy pphhyyssiiccaall ppaaiinn?? WWhhaatt iiss mmyy eexxppeerriieennccee ooff mmyy ggrriieeff??  WWiillbbeerr QQuuaaddrraanntt 22 EExxppeerriieennccee:: hhooww yyoouu ddeessccrriibbee yyoouurr ffeeeelliinngg –– oobbjjeeccttiivvee tthhiinnkkiinngg sseellff –– eexxtteerriioorr oobbjjeeccttiivvee..  EExxaammppllee:: WWhhaatt iiss tthhee eexxppeerriieennccee ooff mmyy ssttrreessss?? WWhhaatt iiss tthhee eexxppeerriieennccee ooff mmyy aannxxiieettyy?? WWhhaatt iiss tthhee eexxppeerriieennccee ooff mmyy pphhyyssiiccaall ppaaiinn?? WWhhaatt iiss tthhee eexxppeerriieennccee ooff mmyy ggrriieeff??
  11. 11. Quotation What is heart-breaking about the paradigm-shifting process is that people tend to believe that the values they hear expounded about by the new worldview...can simply be incorporated into the Newtonian worldview. This would be like putting four-dimensional vision into an animal that has only three-dimensional faculties. A paradigm shift is not a matter of fine tuning what we already use, or even seeing it in greater detail. Instead, an entirely new dimension(s) emerges to show us that the world is very different from what we had previously envisioned. --Miller, 1996, p. 31
  12. 12. Examples ooff 11sstt && 22nndd PPeerrssoonn MMeetthhooddss  HHeeuurriissttiicc IInnqquuiirryy  HHeeuurriissttiicc SSeellff SSeeaarrcchh IInnqquuiirryy [[HHSSSSII]]  DDrreeaammiinngg  FFooccuussiinngg  IInnttrroossppeeccttiioonn  LLuucciidd DDrreeaammiinngg  MMeeddiittaattiioonn  PPhheennoommeennoollooggyy  MMooddiiffiieedd NNeeuurrooppssyycchhoollooggiiccaall//PPssyycchhoopphhyyssiioollooggiiccaall HHSSSSII
  13. 13. RRaannggee ooff EExxppeerriieennccee:: GGlloobbaall HHyyppeerr--HHyyppoo AArroouussaall MMooddeell  AAccccoorrddiinngg ttoo FFiisshheerr ((11997711,, 11997733,, 11997755)) aanndd MMoommeenn ((11998844)),, aallll eexxppeerriieennccee ccaann bbee ccllaassssiiffiieedd aass eeiitthheerr hhyyppeerr oorr hhyyppoo SSttaatteebboouunndd eexxppeerriieennccee.. TThheessee rreesseeaarrcchheerrss iinnddiiccaattee tthhaatt tthheerree aarree ttwwoo ((22)) ddiirreeccttiioonnss iinn wwhhiicchh ccoonnsscciioouussnneessss ccaann bbee aalltteerreedd..  FFiirrsstt,, tthhee EErrggoottrrooppiicc ppaatthhwwaayy rreepprreesseennttss eexxppeerriieenncceess wwhhiicchh eennggeennddeerr iinnccrreeaasseess iinn aarroouussaall,, ccuullmmiinnaattiinngg iinn tthhee eexxttrreemmee ooff mmyyssttiiccaall eeccssttaassyy..  SSeeccoonndd,, tthhee TTrroopphhoottrrooppiicc ppaatthhwwaayy rreepprreesseennttss eexxppeerriieenncceess wwhheerree ddeeccrreeaasseedd aarroouussaall ccuullmmiinnaatteess iinn ddeeeepp ttrraannccee..  TThhee nneexxtt ddiiaaggrraamm pprreesseennttss aa vviissuuaall ccoommppaarriissoonn ooff tthhee EErrggoottrrooppiicc aanndd tthhee TTrroopphhoottrrooppiicc ppaatthhwwaayyss rreepprreesseennttiinngg aassppeeccttss ooff hhuummaann eexxppeerriieennccee aass SSttaatteebboouunndd kknnoowwlleeddggee..
  14. 14. Statebound Experience: Comparison of Ergotropic and Tropotropic Pathways Ergotropic Pathway Tropotropic Pathway Hyperarousal Hyper- Stimulatory Levels of Statebound Experience Hypoarousal Hypo-Stimulatory Beta Brainwave State Routine Activity Ordinary Waking Consciousness Beta Brainwave State Hi Beta Brainwave State Excitement Daydreaming/Rel axation Hypnotic Trance Alpha Brainwave State Unknown Brainwave State Anxiety/Mania Hypnopompic/ Hypnogogic Imagery-Twilight State Theta Brainwave State Unknown Brainwave State Mystical Experience Ecstatic Trance Bidirectionality Abreaction Mystical Experience Deep Trance or Samadhi Delta Brainwave State Adapted from Fisher (1971, 1973, 1975); Momen (1984).
  15. 15. Quotation Humans were never meant to see the world through a lens of chronic fear or other negative emotions. We were meant to experience the world directly as it is. We were meant to form deep connections to other human beings. With attention training…we can open our hearts to experience the fullness of our senses, and reconnect with forgotten parts of ourselves. We can experience moments of unity and transcendence and find the world has been reenchanted. It will be a watershed moment in human evolution when we are able to pay attention to how we pay attention, control our attention, and take personal responsibility for the creation of our own realities. ---Fehmi and Robbins 2007, p. 8
  16. 16. WWhhoollee BBrraaiinn SSyynncchhrroonnyy  PPaarrttss ooff bbrraaiinn bbeeggiinn ttoo wwoorrkk ttooggeetthheerr hhaarrmmoonniioouussllyy..  BBrraaiinn rreessoonnaannccee ooccccuurrss wwhheenn nneeuurroonnss bbeeggiinn ttoo vviibbrraattee aatt tthhee ssaammee ffrreeqquueennccyy..  NNeeuurraall ppaatthhwwaayyss tteenndd ttoo ffiirree mmoorree rraappiiddllyy..  BBrraaiinnwwaavvee ppaatttteerrnnss aarree ““iinn pphhaassee”” oorr ssyynncchhrroonniizzeedd..  AAllssoo kknnoowwnn aass ““WWhhoollee HHeeaadd SSyynncchhrroonnyy”” oorr ““WWhhoollee BBrraaiinn FFuunnccttiioonniinngg”” oorr ““HHeemmiisspphheerriicc SSyynncchhrroonniizzaattiioonn”” oorr ““WWhhoollee BBrraaiinn SSyynncchhrroonniizzaattiioonn”” ((FFeehhmmii && RRoobbbbiinnss,, 22000077))..
  17. 17. WWhhyy WWhhoollee BBrraaiinn SSyynncchhrroonnyy iiss aa DDeessiirreedd aanndd SSoouugghhtt AAfftteerr SSttaattee  IInnccrreeaasseedd CCrreeaattiivviittyy..  IInnccrreeaasseedd IInnssiigghhtt..  IInnccrreeaasseedd IInnttuuiittiioonn..  IInnccrreeaasseedd RReellaaxxaattiioonn RReessppoonnssee..  IInnccrreeaasseedd AAcccceelleerraatteedd LLeeaarrnniinngg AAbbiilliittiieess..  IInnccrreeaasseedd MMeennttaall CCllaarriittyy..  IInnccrreeaasseedd AAbbiilliittyy ttoo PPrroobblleemm SSoollvvee SSuucccceessssffuullllyy..  IInnccrreeaasseedd CCoommppaassssiioonn aanndd EEmmppaatthhyy..  IInnccrreeaasseedd PPaarraassyymmppaatthheettiicc NNeerrvvoouuss SSyysstteemm RReeaaccttiivviittyy..
  18. 18. WWhhoollee BBrraaiinn SSyynncchhrroonnyy VViieewweedd aass aa WWaayy ooff PPaayyiinngg AAtttteennttiioonn  EExxppeerriieennccee ooff wwhhoollee bbrraaiinn ssyynncchhrroonniizzaattiioonn eennhhaanncceess hheeaalltthhyy wweellll bbeeiinngg..  OOppeenn FFooccuuss iiss oonnee wwaayy ttoo aacchhiieevvee wwhhoollee bbrraaiinn ssyynncchhrroonnyy wwiitthhoouutt eeqquuiippmmeenntt..  PPrroolloonnggeedd aanndd eexxcceessssiivvee ssttrreessss ccaann nneeggaattiivveellyy iimmppaacctt aallmmoosstt eevveerryy aassppeecctt ooff yyoouurr lliiffee..  MMaaiinnttaaiinniinngg aa nnaarrrrooww ffooccuusseedd aatttteennttiioonnaall ssttyyllee ffoorr lloonngg ppeerriiooddss oofftteenn lleeaaddss ttoo cchhrroonniicc ssttrreessss aanndd ppaaiinn,, aanndd lleefftt uunnaatttteennddeedd ttoo,, ttuurrnnss iinnttoo ddiisseeaassee ssttaatteess..  DDeevveellooppiinngg aatttteennttiioonnaall fflleexxiibbiilliittyy ggiivveess yyoouu tthhee ccaappaacciittyy ttoo eenntteerr aa bbeenneeffiicciiaall hhoommeeoossttaattiicc ssttaattee ooff wwhhoollee bbrraaiinn ssyynncchhrroonniizzaattiioonn vvoolliittiioonnaallllyy..
  19. 19. Example of Richness of Data Collection with MMooddiiffiieedd HHSSSSII MMeetthhoodd NO Flatlining NO Spiking Fully Associated Mental Clarity Emotional Clarity Euphoria Mild Delirium Transpersonal Transcendent Experience Sense of Unity Grief/ Mourning/ Bereavement Yes No Yes No No No No No Stress Yes No Yes No No No No No Healing No Yes Yes Yes Yes Possible Possible Possible Dopamine No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Spike Oxytocin Spike No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Serotonin Spike No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Possible Endorphin Spike No Yes Depends Yes Yes Yes Yes Possible Attention: Open Focus Global No Yes Depends Yes Yes Possible Possible Possible Pain Yes No Yes No No No No No Fear/Anxiety Yes No Yes No No No No No Lucid Dream State Unknown Unknown Depends Yes Depends Unknown Unknown Unknown
  20. 20. Elements of Peak Performance  State where an individual performs to the maximum of her ability.  Enhanced levels of self awareness.  High levels of confidence and focused concentration upon task or goal completion.  Accomplishment is seemingly effortless.  Individual experiences a “flow” state of being “in the zone of excellence.”
  21. 21. Elements of Peak Experience  Transpersonal and ecstatic state.  Sense of Unity, Oneness and Awe.  Sense of interconnectedness.  Time perception may be altered to witness time elongation, time quickening and/or timelessness.  Altered State of Consciousness (ASC).  Therapeutic increases in creativity, compassion for self and others, and personal locus of control (stress reduction).  Self actualization state or individuation (Maslow Level 5).  Personal growth, intrinsic meaning and purpose.
  22. 22. Stress-Anxiety-Physical Pain Scale Rate your current state on a scale from “0” to “10” “0” you feel great, have no pain, have no distress “10” you have unbearable pain and are in distress Category Stress Anxiety Physical Pain Mental Clarity Before After
  23. 23. Stress Reduction Exercises  Open Focus Technique.  Dissolving Pain Technique (DPT).  Tension Relieving Technique (TRT).  Brain Pattern Interrupt Technique (BPI).  Brain Plasticity Enhancement Technique [BPET].  Tuning Forks that spike your nitric oxide rhythm: Biosonics Otto 128 and Otto 64.
  24. 24. STILLPOINT
  25. 25. References American Academy of Pain Medicine. (2014). AAPM facts and figures on pain. Retrieved from internet May 28, 2014: . Arntz, W., Chasse, B., & Vicente, M. (2007). What the bleep do we know? Discovering the endless possibilities for altering your everyday reality. Deerfield Beach, FL: HCI. Barraza, J., & Zak, P. (2009). Empathy towards strangers triggers oxytocin release and subsequent generosity. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1167, 182– 189. Barraza, J., McCullough, M., & Zak, P. (2011) Oxytocin infusion increases charitable donations regardless of monetary resources. Hormones and Behavior, 60, 148–151. Bateson, G. (2000). Steps to an ecology of mind: Collected essays in anthropology, psychiatry, evolution, and epistemology. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
  26. 26. References Beary, J., & Benson, H. (1974). A simple psychophysiologic technique which elicits the hypometabolic changes of the relaxation response. Psychsom Med, 36, 115-120. Beaulieu, J. (1987). Music and sound in the healing arts. Barrytown, NY: Stanton Hill Press, Inc. Beaulieu, J. (2005). The rhythm of nitric oxide: How a tiny molecule determines your overall health. Kingston, NY: EnRhythm, LLC. Beaulieu, J. (2010). Human tuning: Sound healing with tuning forks. Stone Ridge, NY: BioSonics Enterprises, Ltd. Benson, H., Beary, J., & Carol, M. (1974). The relaxation response. Psychiatry, 37, 37-46. Benson, H., & Epstein, M. (1975). The placebo effect: A neglected asset in the care of patients. JAMA, 232, 1225- 1226.
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  28. 28. References Benz, D., Cadet, P., Mantione, K., et al. (2002b). Tonal nitric oxide and health: A free radical and scavenger of free radicals. Med Sci Monit, 8(1), RA1-RA4. Berg, B. (1995). Qualitative research methods for the social sciences. (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon. Bergaust, L., Van Spanning, R., Frostegard, A., & Bakken, L. (2011). Expression of nitrous oxide reductase in Parracoccus denitrifications is regulated by oxygen and nitric oxide through FnrP and NNR. Microbiology, 158(Pt 3), 826-834. Retrieved from DOI: 10.1099/mic.0.054148-0. Berridge, K. (2007). The debate over dopamine's role in reward: The case for incentive salience. Psychopharmacology, 191, 391–431. Retrieved from
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  30. 30. References Braud, W., & Anderson, R. (1998). Transpersonal research methods for the social sciences: Honoring human experience. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc. Brown, R., & Gerbarg, P. (2005). Yogic breathing and meditation: When the thalamus quiets the cortex and rouses the limbic system. Art of Living Foundation. Retrieved from http:// Combs, A. (2002). Radiance of being: Understanding the grand integral vision: Living the integral life. (2nd ed.). St. Paul, MN: Paragon House. Combs, A. (2009). Consciousness explained better: Towards an integral understanding of the multifaceted nature of consciousness. St. Paul, MN: Paragon House. Cotman, C., & Berchtold, N. (2002). Exercise: A behavioral intervention to enhance brain health and plasticity. Trends Neurosci, 25, 295-301. Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1991). Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. (1st Ed.). New York, NY: Harper Perennial. Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1997). Creativity: Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention. New York, NY: Harper Perennial.
  31. 31. References Cyranoski, D. (2014, April, 1). Stem-cell scientist found guilty of misconduct. Scientific America. Retrieved from Internet May 25, 2014: Damasio, A. (1990). Synchronous activation in multiple cortical regions: A mechanism for recall. Seminars in the Neurosciences, 2, 287-296. Damasio, A. (1999). The feeling of what happens: Body and emotion in the making of consciousness. New York, NY: Harcourt Press. Fehmi, L., & Robbins, J. (2007). The Open Focus brain: Harnessing the power of attention to heal mind and body. Boston, MA: Trumpter. Ferendo, F. (2004). A heuristic and hermeneutic inquiry: Ken Wilbur and personal transformation: Appendix A: Heuristic inquiry and scholarly research. (Doctoral Dissertation). Union Institute & University.
  32. 32. References Feyerabend, P. (2010). Against method. (4th Ed.). New York, NY: Verso Books. Feyerabend, P. (2011). The tyranny of science. Cambridge, UK: Polity. Finkelstein, H. (1988). The long –term effects of early parental death: A review. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44, 3-9. Fisher, R. (1971). A cartography of ecstatic and meditative states. Science, 174, 897-904. Fisher, R. (1973). A cartography of the ecstatic and meditative states. Leonardo, 6(1), 59-66. Fisher, R. (1975). Cartography of inner space. In R. K. Siegel & L. J. West. (Eds.). Hallucinations (p. 197-239). New York, NY: Wiley. Harris, B. (2002). Thresholds of the mind: Your personal roadmap to success, happiness, and contentment. Beaverton, OR: Centerpointe Press.
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  34. 34. Krishnamurti, J. (2007). As one is: To free the mind from all conditioning. Prescott, AZ: Hohm Press. Lloyd-Thomas, M. (2014, March 12). Former postdoc files suit against university. Yale Daily News. Retrieved from internet April 2, 2014: suit-against-university/. Maslow, A. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370-96. Maslow, A. (1954). Motivation and personality. New York: Harper. Maslow, A. (1966). The psychology of science. New York, NY: Harper & Row. Maslow, A. (1971). The farther reaches of human nature. New York, NY: Viking. References
  35. 35. References Medline Plus. (2014). Pain. U.S. National Library of Medicine, NIH. Retrieved from internet May 29, 2014: Michelon, P. (2008). Brain plasticity: How learning changes your brain. Retrieved from Miller, M. (1995). Re-grief as narrative: The impact of parental death on child and adolescent development. In D. W. Adams & E. J. Deveau. (Eds.). Helping children and adolescents cope with death and bereavement (p. 99-113). Amityville, NY: Baywood. Miller, R. (1996). Cloudhand clenched fist: Chaos, crisis, and the emergence of community. San Diego, CA: LuraMedia, Inc. Momen, M. (1984). The psychology of mysticism and its relationship to the Baha’i Faith. Baha’i Studies Bulletin, 2, 4-21. Retrieved from: Montgomery, S., Sirota, A., & Buzsaki, G. (2008). Theta and gamma coordination of hippocampal networks during waking and rapid eye movement sleep. J Neurosci, 28(26), 6731-6741. Retrieved from:
  36. 36. References Moody, R., & Moody, C. (1991). A family perspective: Helping children acknowledge and express grief following the death of a parent. Death Studies, 15, 587-602. Morin, E. (2008). On complexity: Advances in systems theory, complexity, and the human sciences. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press. Morledge, T., Allexandre, D., Fox, E., Fu, A., Higashi, M., Kruzikas, D., Pham, S., Pharm, D., & Reese, R. (2013). Feasibility of an online mindfulness program for stress management: A randomized, controlled trial. Ann. Behav. Med. Retrieved from internet January 10, 2013: DOI 10.1007/s12160-013-9490-x. Moustakas, C. (1990). Heuristic research: Design, methodology, and application. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications, Inc. Moustakas, C. (1994). Phenomenological research methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc. National Institutes of Health. (2014). Pain management. Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools (RePORT). Retrieved from internet May 26, 2014: http://
  37. 37. References National Institutes of Health Pain Consortium. (2014). Retrieved from internet May 27, 2014: Raudenbush, B. (2012). WJU professor and students find jasmine odor leads to more restful sleep, decreased anxiety and greater mental performance. Wheeling, VA: Wheeling Jesuit University. Retrieved from iNewsID=539&strBack=/about/adm_news_archive.asp. Sela-Smith, S. (2002a). Heuristic research: Review and critique of the Moustakas method. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 42(3), 53-88. Retrieved from Raisman, G. (1972). An experimental study of the projection of the amygdala to the accessory olfactory bulb and its relationship to the concept of a dual olfactory system. Experimental Brain Research, 14(4), 395-408. Retrieved from
  38. 38. References Ramachandran, V., & Blakeslee, S. (1998). Phantoms in the brain: Probing the mysteries of the human mind. New York, NY: William Morrow. Rando, T. (1993). Treatment of complicated mourning. Champaign, IL: Research Press. Sela-Smith, S. (2002b). Heuristic self search inquiry: Clarification of Moustakas’ heuristic research. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Sela-Smith, S. (2003a). Finding the still point: Chapter one. (February). Infinite Connections. Retrieved from one-february-2003#more-233. (Posted on Internet by admin August 29, 2011).
  39. 39. References Sela-Smith, S. (2003b). Heuristic self search inquiry. Infinite Connections. Retrieved from html. Varela, F. (1996). Neurophenomenology. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 3(4), 330-348. Varela, F. (1999). Ethical know-how: Action, wisdom, and cognition. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. Varela, F., & Shear, J. (1999). First-person methodologies: What, why, how? Retrieved from Watkins, L., & Mayer, D. (1986). Multiple endogenous opiate and nonopiate analgesia systems: Evidence of their existence and clinical implications. In D. Kelly. (Ed.). Stress-induced analgesia (p. 273-299). New York, NY: New York Academy of Sciences.
  40. 40. References Watt, D., Verma, S., & Flynn, L. (1998). Wellness programs: A review of the literature. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 158(2), 224-230. Watzlawick, P., Weakland, J., & Fisch, R. (1974). Change: Principles of problem formation and problem resolution. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company. Webb, N. (1993). Helping bereaved children: A handbook for practitioners. New York, NY: Guilford Press. Wegner, D. (2003). The mind’s best trick: How we experience conscious will. Trends in Cognitive Science, 7, 65-69. Wilber, K. (1996). A brief history of everything. Boston, MA: Shambhala. Wilber, K. (1997). The eye of spirit. Boston, MA: Shambhala.
  41. 41. References Wilber, K. (2000). Integral psychology: Consciousness, spirit, psychology, therapy. Boston, MA: Shambhala Press. Wilber, K. (2002). The spectrum of consciousness. Boston, MA: Shambhala Press. Wright, R. (2006). Lifting the veil on success, high achievement, and what makes winners and champions win: A neuropsychological examination of the underlying mental, physical, emotional, and spiritual correlates which lead to successful peak performance outcomes; elucidation and analysis of the experience of being in the “flow” state or “in the zone” which results in remarkable achievements. (Unpublished Research Paper). Montpelier, VT: Union Institute & University. Wright, R. (2007). Stress related health disparities in African American communities: Can Open Focus provide a modicum of ameliorative stress relief? (Unpublished Master’s Thesis). Montpelier, VT: Union Institute & University.
  42. 42. References Wright, R. (2009). Using transcendental phenomenology for describing the experience of unresolved grief arising out of the death of one’s mother: A pilot study. PowerPoint presentation for Research Paradigms, Methods, and Designs. California Institute of Integral Studies. Wright, R. (2012). The role of endogenous cyclic nitric oxide spiking in Motherloss and Existential grief recovery: A modified neuropsychological and psychophysiological Heuristic Self Search Inquiry approach to stress reduction, homeostasis and healing. (Doctoral Dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest May 30, 2014: Wright, R. (2013). Orgasmic relaxation: Unleash the power of your mind to relax using the Tension Relieving Technique (TRT). Sunrise, FL: Quiet Lake International, LLC. Relieving-Technique-ebook/dp/B00EBZUN4S
  43. 43. First and Second Person Subjective Qualitative Approaches to Achieving Whole Brain Synchrony for Peak Experience and Peak Performance Whole brain synchrony is a well-known and sought after state which has the capacity to beneficially shift consciousness to states of “flow” whereby right and left cerebral hemispheres and prefrontal and brain stem regions work in harmonious union, e.g. brainwave patterns are synchronous or “in phase.”  The benefits of entering whole brain synchronous states are numerous including a sharpening of mental clarity, enhanced ability to problem solve, and resultant measurable subtle increases in creativity, intuition, and insight.
  44. 44. Importantly, whole brain synchronization induces a Relaxation Response that automatically reduces pain, stress, and anxiety in the body through the secretion of helpful homeostatic neurochemicals such as oxytocin, dopamine, endogenous morphine, and cyclic nitric oxide. Dr. Wright’s presentation will explore and make a case for the scholarly community to re-consider the historical “normal” science bias against first and second person subjective methods for inquiry especially the requirement that a researcher’s own experience be bracketed out in a quest for “objectivity.”
  45. 45. Attendees will experience a demonstration of Open Focus and the Brain Pattern Interrupt technique as a way of showing experientially how conscious attention can be shifted such that attendees can “know” [ontologically] and feel via bodily feltsense both Wilber Quadrant 1 & 2 phenomena in order to validate the potential rigor of self reporting as researcher(s).
  46. 46. Robert Wright, Jr., Ph.D., COFT
  47. 47. Robert Wright, Jr., Ph.D., COFT (TSD, '13) is an author, speaker, and Stress Management Wellness Coach. His passionate goal is translating the significance and implications of scholarly stress and nitric oxide spiking research into language and practical techniques which can improve the healthy well-being of the general public. Dr. Wright's most recent eBook is entitled Orgasmic Relaxation: Unleash The Power Of Your Mind To Relax Using The Tension Relieving Technique, and he is the author of the forthcoming book entitled Orgasmic Relaxation: Finding Your Sweet Spot Using The Brain Plasticity Enhancement Technique.