False Friends

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This presentation is a group project of students of the Ruhr University in Bochum, directed at young learners of the English language. We hope to improve your English with this funny but still very useful presentation and hope you will remember the advice about using language.

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False Friends

  1. 1. False Friends A presentation by Raphael Fecke, Lukas Mutschler, Philipp Weber and Tobias Duczak
  2. 2. Introduction Good day, Sir. What can I get you?
  3. 3. Introduction Hello, I would like to become a beefsteak.
  4. 4. Introduction Oh no, I hope that will never happen to you!
  5. 5. Aim of the presentation <ul><li>1. What are false friends ? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Heighten your awareness </li></ul><ul><li>3. Advice to avoid mistakes </li></ul>
  6. 6. What are false friends? <ul><li> “ Bank“ “bank“ </li></ul> - False friends are pairs of words in two languages which look similar but have different meanings
  7. 7. Why do False Friends exist? <ul><li>descend from the same mother-language </li></ul><ul><li>English and German both descend from Germanic </li></ul><ul><li> similarity of languages </li></ul>
  8. 8. Why do False Friends exist? <ul><ul><ul><li>“ Haus“ “Maison“ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>French and German are rather different </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> less false friends </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Example: Verb <ul><li>“ Yesterday, I spent 300€ to Unicef.“ </li></ul>What? You spent money to Unicef?
  10. 10. Example: Verb <ul><li>to spend = ausgeben, vergeuden </li></ul><ul><li>spenden = to donate, to dispense </li></ul><ul><li> “ Yesterday, I donated 300€ to Unicef.“ </li></ul>
  11. 11. Example: Adjective <ul><li>“ My father is a very engaged man.“ </li></ul>A very engaged man? What does that mean?
  12. 12. Example: Adjective <ul><li>engaged = verlobt, beschäftigt, besetzt </li></ul><ul><li>engagiert = committed, dedicated </li></ul><ul><li>“ My father is a very committed person.“ </li></ul>That is an exemplary father!
  13. 13. Example: Noun <ul><li>“ My dad works as an undertaker ”. </li></ul><ul><li> ” Unternehmer“ </li></ul>
  14. 14. Example: Noun <ul><li>Undertaker = Bestatter </li></ul><ul><li>Unternehmer = business man, entrepreneur </li></ul><ul><li> “ My dad works as a business man ”. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Conclusion <ul><li>Do not be afraid to use English. </li></ul><ul><li>Learn your vocabulary. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not follow your instinct and use the German word which sounds similar. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Thank you for your attention!

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