Stop touching my cakes


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I dont know man, do you ever just think you're a dog?

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Stop touching my cakes

  1. 1. READING PHOTOGRAPHS Abygail Jones
  2. 2. Chosen application? • I have chosen to use the ‘Portraiture’ application • This will involve taking pictures of people, focusing on their: • Facial features • Expressions • I will be attempting to take the creative approach – using artificial lighting, editing and manipulating the image.
  3. 3. Irving Penn (1917 – 2009) Irving Penn was born in New Jersey, 1917. At the age of 19 he went to the University of Arts in Philadelphia to study: painting, drawing and graphic design, in 1938, once he had finished his studies he moved to New York to work as a freelance designer and illustrator. He later left New York and his job as an advertising director in 1940 to become a painter however, after 3 years, Penn returned to both New York and a new job as an assistant designer to a Russian Vogue art director, Alexander Liberman. The first task he was assigned to was supervising the covers of Vogue magazine. October 1943, Irving Penn’s photograph of various accessories such as a glove and a bag appeared on the cover of Vogue magazine. This was the beginning of around 150 Vogue covers featuring Penn’s photographs. 1944 was the start of Penn’s monochrome portraits with the artist, Giorgio de Chirico as his model. Penn was one of the Vogue readers’ favourite artists with his skillset to make an image both calm and classy. Although he was famous for photographing models and celebrities, he was completely comfortable with photographing people of a lower class. Penn also experimented in the dark room – for example: he bleached prints to eliminate skin tones. Around the 60’s, he learned how to print pictures on platinum rather than relying on silver to produce a more realistic tone. October 7th 2009, Irving Penn passed away at the age of 92 in his own home.
  4. 4. The woman is the main focus – she is the only thing standing out in this photo Expressive – smiling slightly – looks calm Posed – the subject has been told how to pose, how to stand – probably told what expression to have The vantage point is from straight on – it’s not low down or high up It’s a portrait – it’s from the shoulders upwards The background isn’t clear – the subject is the focus of this photograph therefore the subject is the main focus The light seems natural – it looks like you can see windows from the reflection in the subject’s sunglasses – proving this further - there is shadows on the side that isn’t faced towards the window. The light is also soft, not harsh. Geometric shapes? Circular sunglasses This image seems to have been taken in some form of studio – whether that is a home studio or in some form of building. Monochrome – the picture is in black and white, the contrasts seemed to have been played around with – Irvin was known to do this. Quite passive – there isn’t a lot of visual information in this photo – it’s pretty much just a portrait, there’s nothing too special about it Got a form of dynamic range – it starts from the very lightest (the background or the hat) to the darkest (her hair, her back) The background isn’t prominent – it’s quite passive, there isn’t anything eye catching about it – it’s just a plain white background For a magazine cover? For a gallery? This was Penn’s job – to take photographs of models/subjects for Vogue’s cover Contrast is just black and white – although there is quite a high level of grey There is quite a distinct outline around the subject – whether that is because she is against a white background or because the colour/contrast has been messed with
  5. 5. Intention? The reason behind most of Irving’s photographs is to use on the cover of Vogue magazine or to be used in Vogue The main object of the photograph is the woman – which is actually Irving’s wife. The photograph is definitely posed – the subject has been told how to pose, what emotions to show – if any The most highlighted is the left side of her face – this could be to diminish any blemishes, could be to have a desired effect – could be to show off how beautiful the subject is in either light? The background isn’t very prominent in this image, the subject is the focus, she stands out more than the rest of the picture. The dominant area in this photograph is obviously the woman as the image is a portrait Emotions? The subject isn’t really showing any real emotion – she is just looking in to the camera The whole subject is the more clear part of the photo – the background is less in focus than the subject. There is quite a lot of low key here – there is some rather dark shadow on one side of the subjects face, t could be taken in a studio (home studio) Monochrome has been used There is a little bit of The space isn’t crowded here as the photograph is in dynamic range – it There is quite a high level of – it’s quite a passive black and white – the light goes from bright white photograph as there is grey in this image – the could either be artificial or it to dark grey to black only really one main contrast is high has been edited because one throughout the image. focus and that’s the side is significantly brighter subject There is quite a distinct contor line around the than the other. subject – the contrast of the dark clothing and The photo is taken from right in hair against the white background front of the model – vantage point?
  6. 6. Again, this photo would also be used on a Vogue cover or actually The central focus is the subject featured in Vogue. of the picture – the only thing The subject isn’t really showing that truly stands out. any emotion – there is nothing particularly expressive about her face apart from the hint of a smile. The most prominent feature in this photograph is the subject, the model. The overall style of the photograph is a portrait and because it’s from the shoulders upwards, it proves the point The photo seems posed, it doesn’t The background, her hair and her seem candid or observational in shoulders are less in focus than any way – the photo is professional her face – just her face and hand and therefore the model has most seems a lot sharper than the rest likely been told how to pose and of the image what expression to use. The light used seems to be artificial I think that this photograph is low rather than ambient. The most key, there is no typical white highlighted area is the hair, face and background, it just looks like arm, the rest is either dark grey or someone's home or out in public black. somewhere? There is a lot of dark There seems to be a repetitive pattern shadows and the lighting is soft. going on, not just in this particular The photograph is in image but in all of Irving’s photographs. The dynamic range monochrome – there seems to changes quite drastically The vantage He uses the same techniques, the be a darker use of grey in this from a bright white to a point is same poses, the same amount of image. somewhere in contrast, the same lighting, constantly pitch black. the middle in monochrome and so on. They also Although the image is The background is hardly lack in symmetry. noticeable because there is This image seems a little crowded in terms of crowded, it’s still quite passive as the subject so much focus on the main space, even though it’s just the subject in the is the only thing really object image, there is hardly any background or room being photographed. for anything else to really be photographed.
  7. 7. Annie Leibovitz (1949 – Present) • • • • • In Westport, Connecticut, 1949, Annie Leibovitz was born. 1971 she received a Bachelor of Fine Arts degree from the San Francisco Art Institute, she the continued her studies with photographer, Ralph Gibson. In 1969 Leibovitz took part in an archaeological dig at the site of King Solomon’s temple. 1970 to 1983 she was a freelance photographer and chief photographer for the magazine, Rolling Stone. She then later served as a concert-tour photographer for the magazine, Vanity Fair and later founded the Annie Leibovitz studio in New York. Leibovitz has a distinct, continuous style to her photographs and that is to ‘emphasize some aspect of each subject’s public persona.’ She uses the whole of the ‘subject’s’ bodies whilst they are in physical motion – she achieves her end products without using too much artificiality. Leibovitz’s exhibitions have travelled many times throughout the USA that started with the National Portrait Gallery in Washington and toured around the rest of the USA, Europe and Asia. She has many rewards for her work which include: American Society of Magazine Photographers (ASMP) Photographer of the Year Award (1984) The ASMP Innovation in Photography Award (1987) The Clio Award and the Campaign of the Decade Award from Advertising Age Magazine (1987) Infinity Award for applied Photography from the International Cneter for photography (1990)
  8. 8. The main object of the photo is the subject – the model The dominant area in this The image itself is a portrait photograph is the face of with only the head, neck and the subject shoulders of the subject This particular photograph – or set of, showing – along with focusing is very expressive, the subject of the on her facial expressions images is pulling faces that clash with The image definitely seems posed emotion – shocked, angry, scared? Considering the image and staged – Lebovitz has asked seems to have been taken the subject to pose and express outside – the light is ambient The focus of the image is definitely an emotion in such a way and the on the model – the background has subject has followed orders been tampered with and blurred to make the subject stand out more. The image is low key, it’s outside in a natural environment – natural soft The picture is in monochrome, black lighting, natural staging etc. and white – this could be because using this colouring, it’s easier to Apart from the object, there is hardly highlight specific areas and erase anything to focus on in this blemishes or issues – with colour it photograph – therefore the image is would take a lot more work? passive The background is blurred so that the subject stands out more – it seems as if the background is made up of leaves or an organic product such as tree’s? The setting for the photograph seems to be natural – it looks as if it’s outside – could be the work of editing? Considering Annie Leibovitz was a photographer for Rolling Stone and Vanity Fair magazine, I assume these photos were either for those or a gallery. The contrast seems to have The photograph has been been messed about with taken from directly in front here, there is a high level of of the subject grey on the subjects face and facial features where the background is dark, blurred and almost black. There seems to be a hint of foliage in the background of the image?
  9. 9. The intention for most of Annie Leibovitz’s portraits/photographs is to The subject of the image has a slight be displayed in galleries or in magazines for viewing pleasure – this smile and the photograph is therefore particular image is for Vanity Fair Magazine in which Leibovitz expressive worked. The photograph is definitely posed because it’s been taken in a high key way – in a The whole photograph seems The light in this image seems artificial studio where everything is done to be in focus, there is nothing considering it’s in a studio – again professionally. out of focus that I can see from there seems to be a hint of creativity looking at the photograph first to make the image unique. off – the background may be a This photograph is in colour, the colours little blurred but it’s quite hard to are not bright and vivid they are soft and tell muted – the colour of her lips and hair There is quite a lot of space in this stand out the most – this could be to image – not only can you see Miley’s emphasise the on-coming change that the head and torso and some extra public were not expecting that turned background. Miley Cyrus in to the new images we see of her now The background is artificial – it’s definitely in a studio, even though it doesn’t seem blurred or edited, the subject still stands out against the darker background The photograph has been taken from the front of the subject There may have been some editing with the colour as it’s so pale and almost black and white with a hint of colour – it seems like the levels of grey has been changed The dominant theme and subject of this image is that it is a portrait and edited. of a celebrity for a magazine or a gallery – this is a consistent style used by Leibovitz. She somehow incorporates a little bit of creativity and unique in every photo to show viewers what the subject is like
  10. 10. Annie Leibovitz usually takes very expressive photos – they don’t have to be expressive using a facial expression, they’re expressive because they all differ from one another in such a way The sharper areas in this image is the subject whereas the background seems blurred. The intention of this photograph is the same as the other two – it’s for magazines, newspapers, web pages and galleries and that’s why they are taken in such a unique way – so each picture isn’t just a picture of a face – it’s a picture of the person. The repetition of Annie Leibovitz’s photographs is the way that they are taken – I’ve talked before about a certain difference within every portrait and that is what the repetition of every one of Annie’s photographs is. The image is passive as there isn’t a lot of visual information involved in it other than the subject and the plain white background The setting is in a studio – it is posed and the background is artificial. The contrast of this image has been edited and changed – the way her skin seems smoother and the black and white is extremely light gives it away. As the image is a portrait – that is what the theme is The photograph is definitely posed and not candid – it looks as if it has been taken in a studio and therefore makes the photograph high key. The light in this photograph seems artificial as it seems to be taken in a studio – all the right areas are highlighted although that could just be down to editing. This photograph is in monochrome – it’s mainly black and white although it looks like the saturation and the contrast levels have been edited slightly – there is a higher level of grey in this image than there has been in the last two. The background of this photograph is a studio background and is therefore white and plain – this is to make the subject stand out more against it.